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  1. Florida - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Florida

    Florida ( / ˈflɒrɪdə / ( listen), Spanish pronunciation: [floˈɾiða]) is a state located in the Southeastern region of the United States. With a population of over 21 million, Florida is the third-most populous and the 22nd-most extensive of the 50 United States. The state is bordered to the west by the Gulf of Mexico, to the northwest by ...

  2. History of Florida - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › History_of_Florida

    Florida was under colonial rule by Spain from the 16th century to the 19th century, and briefly by Great Britain during the 18th century (1763–1783) before becoming a territory of the United States in 1821. Two decades later, in 1845, Florida was admitted to the union as the 27th US state.

  3. Florida - Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

    simple.wikipedia.org › wiki › Florida
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    Native Americans first settled in Florida before the arrival of the Europeans. Florida had many residents from many tribes and nations living in almost all parts of it for thousands of years. These include the Timucua, the Tequesta, the Calusa, the Seminole, the Miccosukee, and many more. Florida was first discovered by a European in 1513 by the Spanish Ponce De Leon, who called this peninsula "Tierra de la Pascua Florida" (Land of the Easter flowered) because it was discovered on Easter: in the next centuries only the last word remained. Northern Florida contains hills because it is at the very end of the Appalachian Mountains. The highest hill in Florida is Britton Hill, in northern Walton County near the town of Lakewood, Florida. It is 345 feet (105 m) above sea level. It is the shortest of the highest points in all other states. Florida has the longest coastline in the continental United States.The Gulf Stream ocean current goes through the Atlantic Ocean near the east coast of...

    Florida is nicknamed the Sunshine State. During the summer, temperatures may rise up to as high as 109 degrees Fahrenheit (or 40.5 degrees Celsius). Its annual average temperature is much warmer than many of the other states, but during winter, temperatures occasionally fall below 32 degrees Fahrenheit. In Florida, a dozen palm treespecies are native to the state. Florida has both a rainy season and dry season. Southern Florida does not have four separate seasons. Florida's sunny climate attracts visitors. The summer is great for surfing the waves and enjoying the beaches. The most popular sport in Florida is fishing. Florida is vulnerable to hurricanes due to its proximity to the warm waters of the Atlantic Ocean and Gulf of Mexico. Hurricane season is from June 1 to November 30, but sometimes a hurricane will occur outside of this period. Hurricane Andrew was a destructive hurricane that hit Florida on August 23, 1992. Florida's most active recorded hurricane seasons were in 2004...

    Florida has many types of wildlifeincluding: 1. Marine Mammals: Bottlenose Dolphin, Short-finned Pilot Whale, North Atlantic Right Whale, West Indian Manatee 2. Reptiles: American Alligator and Crocodile, Eastern Diamondback and Pygmy Rattlesnakes, Gopher Tortoise, Green and Leatherback Sea Turtles, Eastern indigo snake 3. Mammals: Florida panther, Northern River Otter, Mink, Eastern Cottontail Rabbit, Marsh Rabbit, Raccoon, Striped Skunk, Squirrel, White-tailed deer, Key Deer, Bobcats, Gray Fox, Coyote, Wild Boar, Florida Black Bear, Nine-banded Armadillos 4. Birds: Bald Eagle, Northern Caracara, Snail Kite, Osprey, White and Brown Pelicans, Sea Gulls, Whooping and Sandhill Cranes, Roseate Spoonbill, Florida Scrub Jay (state endemic), and others. One subspecies of Wild Turkey, Meleagris gallopavo, namely subspecies osceola, is found only in the state of Florida. Many species of eastern North American birds go to Florida in the winter. 5. Invertebrates: carpenter ants, termites, and...

    The capital of Florida is Tallahassee, and Jacksonville is the state's largest city. Tallahassee is in the part of Florida called the panhandle, or the narrow part in the northwest. There are other big cities in Florida, like Tampa, Orlando and Miami. Orlando is home to many amusement and theme parks, like Walt Disney World Resort, Sea World, and Universal Studios. Millions of tourists visit Orlando each year. There is also Busch Gardensin Tampa, which is another tourist attraction. The oldest city in Florida is St. Augustine, which was founded by the Spanishin 1565. The Kennedy Space Center is on Merritt Island, near Cape Canaveral, on Florida's Space Coast.

    • March 3, 1845 (27th)
    • Tallahassee
  4. List of Florida state symbols - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › List_of_Florida_state_symbols

    The following are official state symbols of the U.S. state of Florida, as defined by state statutes.The majority of the symbols were chosen after 1950; only the two oldest symbols—the state flower (chosen in 1909), and the state bird (chosen in 1927), and the state nickname (chosen in 1970)—are not listed in the 2010 Florida Statutes.

    Type
    Symbol
    Description
    Year
    Florida panther ( Puma concolor coryi )
    The Florida panther is a critically ...
    1982
    Northern mockingbird ( Mimus polyglottos ...
    The northern mockingbird, native ...
    1927
    Zebra longwing ( Heliconius charithonia ...
    The zebra longwing is a common sight in ...
    1996
    Florida largemouth bass ( Micropterus ...
    The largemouth bass is a sought-after ...
    1975
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  6. Flag of Florida - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Flag_of_Florida
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    The flag of Florida, often referred to as the Florida flag, is the state flag of Florida. It consists of a red saltire on a white background, with the state seal superimposed on the center. The flag's current design has been in use since May 21, 1985, after the Florida state seal was graphically altered and officially sanctioned for use by state officials. In 2001, a survey conducted by the North American Vexillological Association placed Florida's state flag 34th in design quality out of the 72

    Spain was a dynastic union and federation of kingdoms when Juan Ponce de León claimed Florida on April 2, 1513. Several banners or standards were used during the first period of settlement and governance in Florida, such as the royal standard of the Crown of Castile in Pensacola and the Cross of Burgundy in St. Augustine. As with other Spanish territories, the Burgundian saltire was generally used in Florida to represent collective Spanish sovereignty between 1513 and 1821. In 1763, Spain ...

    Lastly, some historians see the addition of a red saltire as a commemoration of Florida's contributions to the Confederacy by Governor Fleming, who served in the 2nd Florida Regiment of the Confederate army. The addition was made during a period of nostalgia for the "Lost Cause" around the time of the flag's change. According to historian John M. Coski, the adoption of Florida's flag coincided with the rise of Jim Crow laws and segregation, as other former Confederate slave states, such as Missi

    • May 6, 1868 (modifications made in November 1900 and May 1985)
    • 2:3
    • Two red bars on a white field, with the Florida state seal in the center.
    • State flag
  7. COVID-19 pandemic in Florida - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › COVID-19_pandemic_in_Florida

    This included a party of more than 1,000 people near Florida State University. Over 1,400 positive cases had been identified at Florida State between August 2 and September 26. September 25: In reaction to brutal break up a party near FSU, Gov. Ron DeSantis proposes college ‘bill of rights’ to party.

  8. List of colleges and universities in Florida - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › List_of_colleges_and

    In an effort to show that the state of Florida had a separate but equal college system for black people, counties, with state support, established 11 junior colleges for black people; only one already existed (Booker T. Washington). In several cases a new junior college for whites was founded at approximately the same time.

  9. Florida State University - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Florida_State_University

    Florida State University ( Florida State or FSU) is a public research university in Tallahassee, Florida. It is a senior member of the State University System of Florida. Founded in 1851, it is located on the oldest continuous site of higher education in the state of Florida.

    • 1,428.6 acres (5.781 km²), Total: 1,650.1 acres (6.678 km²)
    • 41,551 (Fall 2019)
  10. Florida (staat) - Wikipedia

    nl.wikipedia.org › wiki › Florida_(staat)
    • Geografie
    • Bezienswaardigheden
    • Natuur
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    De Florida Panhandle in het westen grenst aan Alabama en Georgia en straalt meer de sfeer van de Zuidelijke Verenigde Staten uit dan de rest van de staat. De bevolking heeft tot twee maal toe aansluiting gezocht bij Alabama. Het westen van de panhandle maakt onderdeel uit van de Gulf Coastal Plain. Langsheen de Apalachee Bay strekken zich de Gulf Coast Flatwoods uit. Op de grens met Georgia strekt zich het Okefenokeemoeras uit. Tussen Jacksonville en Orlando bevinden zich de Uplands. Onder Tampa strekken zich de Southwestern Flatwoods uit die door de Central Ridges worden gescheiden van de Everglades Headwaters ten zuiden van Orlando. In deze streek in centraal-Florida is er veel veeteelt op ranches. Het grootste meer van de staat is Lake Okeechobee. In het zuiden bevindt zich het moerasgebied van de Everglades. Tussen Miami en Key West strekken zich de Florida Keysuit.

    De Florida Keys, een groot aantal kleine eilandjes die maar net boven de zeespiegel uitsteken, strekken zich uit van Miami naar het zuidwesten. Kennedy Space Center en het nabijgelegen Cape Canaveral Air Force Station fungeren als lanceerbasis voor NASA, commerciële en militaire ruimtevaart. In de buurt van Orlando ligt het Walt Disney World Resort.

    In het zuiden vindt men het Everglades National Park, een uitgestrekt natuurgebied. Hier leven de mississippialligator, de spitssnuitkrokodil en de floridapanter. In de wateren van Florida leeft ook de grootste populatie zeekoeien. Dit komt doordat de wateren over het algemeen warm zijn. De populatie telt meer dan 3000 van deze met uitsterven bedreigde dieren. De Florida Keys zijn de boven water uitstekende delen van een koraalrif. Bij Key Largo bevindt zich sinds 1963 het John Pennekamp Coral Reef State Park, het eerste onderwaterpark van de Verenigde Staten.

    Florida werd op 2 april 1513 door Juan Ponce de León ontdekt. Volgens een legende was hij op zoek naar de Fontein van de Eeuwige Jeugd. Later verkenden andere ontdekkingsreizigers het gebied. Onder anderen waren dat Pánfilo de Narváez – in 1528 – en Hernando de Soto tussen 1539 en 1542. Daarna hebben nog vele anderen Florida verder verkend. In 1556 stichtte Pedro Menéndez de Avilés St-Augustine, de oudste nog bestaande door Europese kolonisten gestichte permanente vestiging in de VS. Ze bouwden daar ook het Castillo de San Marcos, het oudste stenen fort van de VS. De Franse verkenning in het gebied begon in 1562, door de hugenoten onder kapitein Jean Ribault, een officier van admiraal Gaspard de Coligny.Ribaults expeditie vertrok vanuit Frankrijk en leidde kortstondig tot de kolonie Frans Florida. Hij verkende de St. Johns Rivier ten noorden van St. Augustine. In 1607 vestigden de Engelsen zich in Virginia. Daardoor werden de Spanjaardennaar het zuidoosten verdreven. Daarna trokken...

    Aan het hoofd van de uitvoerende macht van de staat staat een gouverneur, die direct gekozen wordt door de kiesgerechtigden in de staat. De gouverneursverkiezing van 2018 werd gewonnen door Ron DeSantis van de Republikeinse Partij. Hij trad in januari 2019 aan als gouverneur van Florida. De wetgevende macht bestaat uit het Huis van Afgevaardigden van Florida (Florida House of Representatives) met 120 leden en de Senaat van Florida (Florida Senate) met 40 leden. Florida kent uitsluiting van het stemrecht voor het leven bij een strafrechtelijke veroordeling. Deze wet werd ingevoerd in 1868, kort na de afschaffing van de slavernij, om zo veel mogelijk Afro-Amerikanenweg te houden uit het kieslokaal. In de praktijk heeft door deze wet een derde van de zwarte bevolking van de staat geen kiesrecht. Deze regel geldt in nog zes Amerikaanse staten. Zoals elke staat wordt ook Florida in de Amerikaanse Senaat vertegenwoordigd door twee senatoren. Een van hen komt uit klasse 1, de ander uit kla...

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