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  1. Station wagon - Wikipedia

    A station wagon, also called an estate car, estate wagon, or simply wagon or estate, is an automotive body-style variant of a sedan/saloon with its roof extended rearward over a shared passenger/cargo volume with access at the back via a third or fifth door (the liftgate or tailgate), instead of a trunk/boot lid.

    • Name

      Reflecting the original purpose of transporting people and...

    • Design characteristics

      Station wagons and hatchbacks have in common a two-box...

    • History

      The first station wagons were built in around 1910, by...

  2. Willys Jeep Station Wagon - Wikipedia

    The Willys Jeep Station Wagon, Jeep Utility Wagon and Jeep Panel Delivery are automobiles produced by Willys and Kaiser Jeep in the United States from 1946 to 1964, with production in Argentina and Brazil continuing until 1970 and 1977 respectively.

  3. The station wagon, or estate, is a variant of sedan. The difference between station wagons and regular sedans is that the station wagon has no trunk, plus the roofs are extended backwards over a shared passenger or cargo volume with access in the back. Station wagons have been mostly replaced by minivans/MPVs, SUVs, and crossovers.

    • Name
    • History
    • Popularity in North America
    • Around The World
    • Tailgate Evolution
    • Safety Equipment
    • See Also
    • References

    Sta­tion wagon and wagon are the com­mon names in Amer­i­can, Cana­dian, New Zealand, Aus­tralian and African Eng­lish, while es­tate car and es­tate are com­mon in the rest of the Eng­lish-speak­ing world. Both names re­call the car's role as a shut­tle, with stor­age space for bag­gage, be­tween coun­try es­tates and train sta­tions. Hav­ing shared an­tecedents with the British shoot­ing-brake (orig­i­nally a wooden-bod­ied ve­hi­cle used to carry shoot­ing par­ties with their equip­ment and game), sta­tion wag­ons have been mar­keted as breaks, using the French term (which is some­times given fully as break de chasse, lit­er­ally "hunt­ing break)." Early U.S. mod­els often had ex­posed wooden bod­ies and were there­fore called wood­ies. Man­u­fac­tur­ers may des­ig­nate sta­tion wag­ons across var­i­ous model lines with a pro­pri­etary name­plate. Ex­am­ples in­clude "Es­tate" (Mer­cedes-Benz, Chevro­lets with the fake-wood op­tion), "Avant" (Audi), "Tour­ing" (BMW), "Tourer" and...


    The first sta­tion wag­ons were a prod­uct of the age of train travel. They were orig­i­nally called "depot hacks" be­cause they worked around train de­pots as hacks (short for hack­ney car­riage, an old name for taxis). They also came to be known as "car­ryalls" and "suburbans".[citation needed] Be­fore the 1930s, man­u­fac­tur­ers as­sem­bled the fram­ing of pas­sen­ger com­part­ments of pas­sen­ger ve­hi­cles in hard­wood. In au­to­mo­biles, the fram­ing was sheathed in steel and coated wi...

    All-steel wagons

    In 1935, Gen­eral Mo­tors in­tro­duced an eight-seat Chevro­let Sub­ur­banwith an all-steel sta­tion-wagon body, based on the com­mer­cial Chevro­let truck-chassis. After World War II, au­to­mo­bile pro­duc­tion re­sumed, with pre­war tool­ing. New ad­vances in pro­duc­tion tech­niques made all-steel sta­tion wagon bod­ies more prac­ti­cal, elim­i­nat­ing the cost, noise, and main­te­nance as­so­ci­ated with wood bodies. The first fac­tory-built all-steel sta­tion wagon in North Amer­ica was...

    Full-size wagons

    Tra­di­tion­ally, full-sized Amer­i­can sta­tion wag­ons were con­fig­ured for six or nine pas­sen­gers. The basic arrange­ment for seat­ing six was three pas­sen­gers in the front and three pas­sen­gers in the rear, all on bench-type seats; to ac­com­mo­date nine, a third bench seat was in­stalled in the rear cargo area, over the rear axle. Through 1956, all wag­ons had the third row fac­ing for­ward, but Chrysler's 1957 mod­els had a roof too low to per­mit a for­ward-fac­ing seat in­stalle...

    Since the 1970s, sales of sta­tion wag­ons in the United States and Canada dropped for sev­eral rea­sons. The 1973 oil cri­sis was a turn­ing point against the "tra­di­tional clas­sic Amer­i­can sta­tion wagon—with its acres of fake wood­grain sid­ing, sticky vinyl bench seats and lazy-revving V-8 en­gine", which have been de­scribed as "wal­low­ing land arks". The 1983 film Na­tional Lam­poon's Va­ca­tion par­o­died the styling cues of 1970s sta­tion wag­ons with its gar­ish Wagon Queen Fam­ily Truck­ster. In 1984 Chrysler in­tro­duced the Chrysler mini­vans de­rived from the K plat­form. While the K plat­form was also used for the Ply­mouth Re­liant and Dodge Aries sta­tion wagon mod­els, the mini­van would soon eclipse them in pop­u­lar­ity. Since mini­vans and SUVs are clas­si­fied as light trucks under US CAFE stan­dards, man­u­fac­tur­ers had a strong in­cen­tive to mar­ket those ve­hi­cles over sta­tion wag­ons, which are clas­si­fied as cars. Sta­tion wag­ons have re­mained...

    Eu­ro­pean man­u­fac­tur­ers often built two-door sta­tion wag­ons in the post-war pe­riod for the com­pact class, a prac­tice that con­tin­ued at Ford (amongst oth­ers) with its Es­cortMark III well into the 1980s. By that time, man­u­fac­tur­ers de­vel­oped four-door mod­els. In Eu­rope, these ve­hi­cles re­main pop­u­lar and in vol­ume pro­duc­tion, al­though mini­vans (known in Eu­rope as MPVs—multi-pur­pose ve­hi­cles) and the like have ex­panded into this mar­ket seg­ment. As in North Amer­ica, early sta­tion wag­ons were af­ter­mar­ket con­ver­sions and had their new body­work built with a wooden frame, some­times with wooden pan­els, some­times steel. Sta­tion wag­ons were the orig­i­na­tors of fold down seats to ac­com­mo­date pas­sen­gers or cargo. Sta­tion wag­ons are gen­er­ally called es­tate cars or sim­ply es­tates in the United King­dom. The term shoot­ing-brake, a term for an orig­i­nal hunt­ing ve­hi­cle, came to be known syn­ony­mously with sta­tion wagonand were...

    Many mod­ern sta­tion wag­ons have an up­ward-swing­ing, full-width, full-height rear door sup­ported on gas springs— often where the rear win­dow can swing up in­de­pen­dently. His­tor­i­cally, wag­ons have em­ployed nu­mer­ous de­signs: 1. Split gate: The earliest[citation needed] common style was an upward-swinging window combined with a downward swinging tailgate. Both were manually operated. This configuration generally prevailed from the earliest origins of the wagon bodystyle in the 1920s through the 1940s. It remained in use through 1960 on several models offered by Ford, including the 1957-58 Del Rio two-door wagon. This style was later adopted on aftermarket camper shells for pickup trucks, seeing that pickup trucks already had a bottom half tailgate as an OEM feature. 2. Retractable window:In the early 1950s, tailgates with hand-cranked roll-down rear windows began to appear. Later in the decade, electric power was applied to the tailgate window—it could be operated from...

    Some sta­tion wag­ons are fit­ted with ad­di­tional front-fac­ing or rear-fac­ing seats, along with safety belts, to en­able pas­sen­gers to be car­ried safely in the cargo area. Cargo bar­ri­ers may be used to pre­vent un­se­cured cargo from caus­ing in­juries in the event of sud­den de­cel­er­a­tion, col­li­sion, or a rollover.

    Gunnell, John, ed. (1987). The Standard Catalog of American Cars 1946–1975. Krause Publications. ISBN 978-0-87341-096-0.
    Kimes, Beverly R.; Clark, Henry A. (1996). The Standard Catalog of American Cars 1805–1945. Krause Publications. ISBN 978-0-87341-428-9.
    Narus, Donald J. (1977). The Great American Woodies and Wagons. Crestline Publications. ISBN 978-0-912612-13-3.
    Brown, Arch (April 1997). "Natural History: The 'Woody' Station Wagon Story — Part I". Collectible Automobile. 13(6): 26–41.
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  5. Ford Country Squire - Wikipedia

    The Ford Country Squire (later the Ford LTD Country Squire) is a series of station wagons that was assembled by American automaker Ford. The premium station wagon of the Ford division, the Country Squire was distinguished by its external woodgrain trim. From the 1950 to 1991 model years, eight generations of the Country Squire were produced.

  6. Edsel Villager - Wikipedia

    The Edsel Villager is a station wagon that was produced and sold by Edsel from 1958 to 1960. Like the two-door Roundup and premium Bermuda station wagons, the Villager was initially built on a 116 in wheelbase shared with Ford's station wagons, and, throughout its lifespan, shared Ford's wagons core body stampings.

  7. Oldsmobile Custom Cruiser - Wikipedia

    The Oldsmobile Custom Cruiser is an automobile that was manufactured and marketed by Oldsmobile in three generations from 1971 to 1992. The first full-size station wagon produced by Oldsmobile since the 1964 Oldsmobile 88 Fiesta, the Custom Cruiser was produced exclusively on the General Motors B platform as a five-door station wagon.

  8. Chevrolet Caprice - Wikipedia

    Station wagons continued to use unique model names. The Kingswood Estate wagon was considered to be equivalent to the Chevrolet Caprice being the top-level wagon. Unlike previous years, station wagons used unique rear suspension using a solid axle with leaf springs as opposed to coil springs and trailing arms on sedans and coupes.

  9. Chevrolet Chevelle - Wikipedia

    The Chevrolet Chevelle is a mid-sized automobile which was produced by Chevrolet in three generations for the 1964 through 1978 model years. Part of the General Motors (GM) A-body platform, the Chevelle was one of Chevrolet's most successful nameplates. Body styles include coupes, sedans, convertibles, and station wagons.

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