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  1. The Catholic Church and the Eastern Orthodox Church have been in a state of official schism from one another since the East–West Schism of 1054. This schism was caused by historical and language differences, and the ensuing theological differences between the Western and Eastern churches. The Byzantine Empire permanently withdrew from the ...

    • Areas of Doctrinal Agreement
    • East–West Schism
    • Papal Primacy
    • Filioque
    • Neo-Palamism: Theoria and Hesychasm
    • Future Directions
    • See Also
    • Sources

    See also: Ecumenical Council Both churches accept the decisions of the first seven Ecumenical Councilsof the undivided Church. These are: 1. The First Council of Nicaea 2. The First Council of Constantinople 3. The First Council of Ephesus 4. The Council of Chalcedon 5. The Second Council of Constantinople 6. The Third Council of Constantinopleand ...

    The Catholic Church and the Eastern Orthodox Churchhave been in a state of official schism from one another since the East–West Schism of 1054. This schism was caused by historical and linguistic developments, and the ensuing theological differences between the Western and Eastern churches. The Roman Empire was divided into a predominantly Greek sp...

    Main article: Papal primacy Papal primacy, also known as the “primacy of the Bishop of Rome,” is an ecclesiastical doctrine concerning the respect and authority that is due to the pope from other bishops and their episcopal sees. In the Eastern Orthodox Churches, some understand the primacy of the Bishop of Rome to be merely one of greater honour, ...

    Main article: Filioque Differences over this doctrine and the question of papal primacy have been and remain primary causes of schism between the Eastern Orthodox and Western churches. The term has been an ongoing source of conflict between Eastern Christianity and Western Christianity, contributing, in major part, to the East–West Schism of 1054 a...


    See also: History of Eastern Orthodox theology in the 20th century The 20th century saw the rise of neo-Palamism, c.q. “Neo-Orthodox Movement,” in the Eastern Orthodox Churches. According to this point of view, which arose in defense of the Palamite distinction between essence and energia, western theology is dominated by rational philosophy, while Orthodox theology is based on the experiential vision of God and the highest truth. According to neo-Palamism, this is a main division between Eas...

    Rational and mystical theology

    According to these modern Eastern Orthodox theologians, western theology depends too much on kataphatic theology. According to Steenberg, Eastern theologians assert that Christianity in essence is apodictic truth, in contrast to the dialectic, dianoia or rationalised knowledge which is the arrived at truth by way of philosophical speculation. While Thomas Aquinas argued that kataphonic and apophatic theology need to balance each other, Vladimir Lossky argued, based on his reading of Dionysius...


    Main articles: Hesychasm, Theosis (Eastern Orthodox theology), Christian contemplation, and Mysticism Hesychasm, “to keep stillness,” is a mystical tradition of contemplative prayer in the Eastern Orthodox Church, which already existed in the fourth century CE with the Desert Fathers. Its aim is theosis, deification obtained through the practice of contemplative prayer, the first stage of theoria, leading to the “vision of God”. It consists of three stages, namely catharsis, theoria, and comp...

    Jeffrey D. Finch claims that “the future of East–West rapprochement appears to be overcoming the modern polemics of neo-scholasticism and neo-Palamism”. The Catholic Church considers that the differences between Eastern and Western theology are complementary rather than contradictory, as stated in the decree Unitatis redintegratioof the Second Vati...

    Congar, Yves (1959). After nine hundred years: the background of the schism between the Eastern and Western churches. Translated. New York, NY: Fordham University Press. ISBN 978-0-58523800-5.
    Dupré, Louis (2005), “Mysticism (first edition)”, in Jones, Lindsay (ed.), MacMillan Encyclopedia of Religion, MacMillan
    Finch, Jeffrey D. (2007), “Neo-Palamism, Divinizing Grace, and the Breach between East and West”, in Christensen, Michael J.; Wittung, Jeffery A. (eds.), Partakers of the Divine Nature: The History...
    Johnson, William (1997), The Inner Eye of Love: Mysticism and Religion, HarperCollins, ISBN 0-8232-1777-9
  2. since the second vatican council, the catholic church has generally taken the approach that the schism is primarily ecclesiological in nature, that the doctrinal teachings of the eastern orthodox churches are generally sound (with the exception of their understanding of papal primacy, the filioqueclause, and the purification after death) and that …

  3. Catholic–Eastern Orthodox ecclesiastical differences are differences between the organizational structure and governance of the Eastern Orthodox Church and that of the Catholic Church. These are distinguished from theological differences which are differences in dogma and doctrine.

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    • Romanides, Neo-Palamides, and The B-Class Status of This Article
    • subsection "Philosophy and Scholasticism Versus Theoria"
    • subsection "Hesychasm Controversy and The Acquisition of Theoria"
    • Re-Ordering The Info Per Topic


    Why is this article rated B-class? It presents mainly the views of one contemporary theologian, John Romanides, appended with information which fits into this story. Which does not make for a good article, that is, readable, informative, and presenting an overview of all the relevant pov's. The main contents can be summarized with these few lines from John Romanides: In comparison, the section "Extant disputes as seen by Catholic theologians" is a fraction of the section Orthodox views, and s...


    So, the article was promoted to B-class with this edit. I'll re-assess it; it won't be better than C-class. Joshua Jonathan -Let's talk!05:49, 20 June 2017 (UTC) 1. Yep, C-class. Incomplete, and in need of clean-up, to give a more concise overview of the importance of hesychasm in the Orthodoc Churches. NB: this is in line with the Good Article assessment. Joshua Jonathan -Let's talk!05:52, 20 June 2017 (UTC)


    Neo-Palamism, that's the term. See, for example: 1. Partakers of the Divine Nature, p.233. 2. Metropolitan Hierotheos Vlachos, “Palamite” and “Neo-Palamite” Theology 3. Adrian Agachi, The Neo-Palamite Synthesis of Father Dumitru Stăniloae, Cambridge Scholars Publishing. Joshua Jonathan -Let's talk!09:41, 20 June 2017 (UTC) 1. See also History of Eastern Orthodox theology in the 20th century. Joshua Jonathan -Let's talk!07:36, 21 June 2017 (UTC)

    I've changed into The reasons: 1. "Christianity is the truth; that Christianity is in essence the one true way to know the true God who is the origin and originator of all things (seen and unseen, knowable and unknowable)" - I've removed this sentence; it may make sense to an Orthodox Christian,but for an outsider it's hardly understandable. 2. "co...

    I've changed into because the second sourcesays Joshua Jonathan -Let's talk!18:29, 19 June 2017 (UTC) 1. It is more than this way that you have posted it. The East as tradition states that people whom live a monastic life style and pray in order to experience God are the East's theologians; prayer and asceticism are the first major qualification. T...

    I'm re-ordering the info per topic. i will also shorten the huge section on hesychasm and theoria. Joshua Jonathan -Let's talk!18:14, 20 June 2017 (UTC)

  5. On the conrary, Love, the Roman Catholic Church, like the Eastern Orthodox Church, holds that people can and do choose God by their own volition; indeed that all who do choose God do so by their own volition, by an exercise of their free will in synergy, cooperation, with God's grace.