Tibetan Buddhism (also referred to as Indo-Tibetan Buddhism, Himalayan Buddhism, and Northern Buddhism) is the form of Buddhism practiced in Tibet and Bhutan, where it is the dominant religion.
- Developed from the 8th century onwards
- Old Translation
Buddhism was first actively disseminated in Tibet from the 6th to the 9th century CE, predominantly from India. During the Era of Fragmentation (9th–10th centuries), Buddhism waned in Tibet, only to rise again in the 11th century.
- Schools of Tibetan Buddhism
- Other Websites
In the 7th century, Songtsen Gampo married two Buddhists: Tang Dynasty Princess Wencheng and Nepali Princess Bhrikuti. They helped spread Buddhist teachings to Tibet. Buddhism was merged with local Bön religions of the Zhangzhung to create a new kind of Buddhism: Tibetan Buddhism. The Tibetans also began translating texts from Sanskrit and Chinese; and began writing some of their own texts. In the 8th century, an Indian teacher called Padmasambhava brought some more Buddhism while Trisong Detsen was king of Tibet. He also wrote a number of important texts.[source?] In the 11th century, Tibetan Buddhism strong influenced the peoples of Central Asia, Mongolia and Manchuria. It was very popular during the Mongol Yuan dynasty and the Manchu Qing dynasty of China.
Tibetan Buddhism has four main schools. Two of these schools hold practice as more important and two hold scholasticism (study of philosophy) more important. The four schools are: 1. Nyingma, The Ancient Ones, the oldest and original order founded by Padmasambhava. This school is of the practice tradition. 2. Kagyu, Oral Lineage, has one major subsect (Dagpo Kagyu) and one minor subsect (Shangpa Kagyu). This school is of the practice tradition. 3. Sakya, Grey Earth, headed by the Sakya Trizin, founded by Khon Konchog Gyalpo, a disciple of the great translator Drokmi Lotsawa. This school is of the scholarly tradition. 4. Gelug, Way of Virtue, also known as Yellow Hats, whose spiritual head is the Ganden Tripa and whose temporal head is the Dalai Lama, who was ruler of Tibetfrom the mid-17th to mid-20th centuries. This school is of the scholarly tradition.
Classical Tibetan is the main language for Tibetans. But texts have also been translated into Mongolian, Manchu, and Chinese.
Monasticism was the foundation of Buddhism in Tibet. There were over 6,000 monasteries in Tibet, however nearly all of these were destroyed by Chinese Red Guards during the Cultural Revolution.Most of the major monasteries have been at least partly restored while many others remain in ruins.
Today, Tibetan Buddhism has spread throughout the Eastern world excluding Southeast Asia. It is practiced in the Tibetan Plateau, Nepal, Bhutan, Mongolia, Kalmykia, Siberia, Russian Far East, northeast China, Arunachal Pradesh. It is the state religion of Bhutan. The Indian regions of Sikkim, Ladakh, Himachal Pradesh, West Bengal are also home to large Tibetan Buddhist populations. There are also communities in South India. Tibetan Buddhism has expanded to the West and throughout the world. Celebrity practitioners include Brandon Boyd, Richard Gere, Adam Yauch, Jet Li, Jackie Chan, Sharon Stone, Allen Ginsberg, Philip Glass, Mike Barson and Steven Seagal.
1. aSometimes called "Hinayana" or Fundamental Vehicle
1. ↑ Liting Xu, Xiyuan Zhao, Xifan Wen (1981年). 中华五千年 (in Chinese). 吉林人民出版社. p. 414.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link) 2. ↑ Berzin, Alexander, A Survey of Tibetan History 3. ↑ Orzech, Charles D. (general editor), 2011. Esoteric Buddhism and the Tantras in East Asia.Brill, p. 540. 4. ↑ "Tibetan monks: A controlled life". BBC News. March 20, 2008. 5. ↑ The 2007 U.S. State Department report on religious freedom in Bhutan notes that "Mahayana Buddhism is the state religion..." and tha...The Tibetan and Himalayan Digital Library Archived 2009-04-29 at the Wayback MachineFamous Monasteries of Tibet Archived 2012-06-21 at the Wayback MachineTibetan Buddhism: History and the Four Traditions Archived 2008-06-07 at the Wayback Machine
Category:Tibetan Buddhism From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia This category comprises articles related to Tibetan Buddhism, as practiced in Tibet and elsewhere. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Tibetan Buddhism.
- Tibetan Buddhism
People also ask
What does Tibetan Buddhism believe?
Did Buddhism originate in Tibet?
What is the difference between Buddism and Taoism?
What are some Buddhist customs?
Tibetan Buddhism is the bouk o releegious doctrine an institutions characteristic o Buddhism in Tibet, Mongolie, Tuva, Bhutan, Kalmykie an certaint regions o the Himalayas, includin northren Nepal, an Indie (pairteecularly in Arunachal Pradesh, Ladakh, Dharamsala, Lahaul an Spiti destrict in Himachal Pradesh an Sikkim).
- Gelugpa - Tsongkhapa
- Purification of karma
Nyingma Longchenpa Patrul Rinpoche Mipham Kagyu Rangjung Dorje Jonang Dolpopa Taranatha Sakya Sakya Pandita Gorampa Gelugpa Je Tsongkhapa 5th Dalai Lama 13th Dalai Lama 14th Dalai Lama Teachings General Buddhist Three marks of existence Skandha Cosmology Saṃsāra Rebirth Bodhisattva Dharma Dependent origination Karma Tibetan Four Tenets system Rangtong-Shentong Svatantrika-Prasaṅgika distinction Nyingma Dzogchen Pointing-out instruction Practices and attainment Lamrim Pāramitās...
In Tibetan Buddhism, karma is created by physical actions, speech, and even thoughts. There is no concept of good nor bad karma—simply karma. Tibetan Buddhism teaches that every creature has transmigrated helplessly since beginningless time under the influence of ignorance and that their lack of understanding has led to performance of actions that have created connections with cyclic existence. To break this pattern, one must reorient their thinking to accord with reality. Tibetan ...
Tsongkhapa, the founder of the Gelug school of Tibetan Buddhism, argued that the Prāsaṅgika position allowed for the postulation of something called an "act's cessation" which persists and is, in fact, a substance, and which explains the connection between cause and result. Gorampa, an important philosopher of the Sakya school of Tibetan Buddhism, accused Tsongkhapa of a doctrinal innovation not legitimately grounded in Candrakīrti's work, and one which amounted to little more than a ...
In the Nyingma school, karma can be taught at the third of four thoughts that turn the mind to dharma in the outer preliminaries. It is taught within the pre-liminary practices of the Longchen Nyingthig, "The Heart-essence of the Vast Expanse". This is a terma or "spiritual discovery", a hidden teaching from Padmasambhava which was revealed by Jigme Lingpa. It is one of the most widely practiced teachings in the Nyingmapa school. The Heart-essence of the Vast Expanse teaching cycle has the follo
In the Vajrayana tradition, negative past karma may be "purified" through such practices as a meditation on Vajrasattva because they both are the mind's psychological phenomenon. The performer of the action, after having purified the karma, does not experience the negative results he or she otherwise would have. Engaging in the ten negative actions out of selfishness and delusions hurts all involved. Otherwise, loving others, receives love; whereas; people with closed hearts may be prevented fro
The term "Buddhism" is an occidental neologism, commonly (and "rather roughly" according to Donald S. Lopez Jr.) used as a translation for the Dharma of the Buddha, fójiào in Chinese, bukkyō in Japanese, nang pa sangs rgyas pa'i chos in Tibetan, buddhadharma in Sanskrit, buddhaśāsana in Pali.
- Traditional Tibetan medicine
- Subtle Body
- Tsa Lung
Lung means wind or breath. It is a key concept in the Vajrayana traditions of Tibetan Buddhism and has a variety of meanings. Lung is a concept that is particularly important to understandings of the subtle body and the Three Vajras. Traditional Tibetan medicine practitioner Dr Tamdin Sither Bradley provides a summary: The general description of rLung is that it is a subtle flow of energy and out of the five elements it is most closely connected with air. However it is not simply the air which w
Some of the different usages of the term lung include: 1. the psychic winds that travel in the internal channels, or nadi of the subtle body and are manipulated in certain Vajrayana yoga practices. 2. specifically the five psychic winds that are a manifestation of the mahābhūta. These five are the lifeforce that animate the bodymind of all sentient beings and are key to certain tantric Buddhist and Bon sādhanās and traditional Tibetan medicine. 3. to the vayu and prana of ayurveda. 4 ...
Traditional Tibetan medicine, a discipline practiced throughout the Himalayas, identifies a system of 'The Five Lung' which help to regulate the human body: 1. 'Life-grasping lung' is located in the brain. This lung regulates swallowing, inhalation, spitting, eructation, sneezing, and generally clearing the senses and steadying of the mind and concentration. 2. 'Upward moving lung' is located in the thorax. This lung regulates speech, energy to work, body weight, memory, the increase of bodily v
Tibetan Buddhism views the human body as consisting of a coarse body made of six constituent elements of earth, water, fire, wind, space and consciousness and also of a subtle body, or 'Vajra body', of winds, channels and drops. There are many types of wind or 'subtle breath' that move along the invisible channels of the subtle body. The 'vital breath' is considered the most important. It is "the essence of life itself that animates and sustains all living beings". Anuttarayoga Tantra practices
Tsalung are special yogic exercises. The exercises are used in the Bon tradition and the four main schools of Tibetan Buddhism. Trul khor employs the tsa lung and they constitute the internal yantra or sacred architecture of this yoga's Sanskrit name, yantra yoga. Tsa lung are also employed in generation stage practices. The exercises are used: 1. to open major chakras and 2. to bring the lung from the side channels into the central channel. That coincides with mind releasing dualistic mispercep
Sand mandalas, as found in Tibetan Buddhism, are not practiced in Shingon Buddhism. Nichiren Buddhism [ edit ] The mandala in Nichiren Buddhism is a moji-mandala (文字曼陀羅), which is a paper hanging scroll or wooden tablet whose inscription consists of Chinese characters and medieval-Sanskrit script representing elements of the Buddha's ...