Totalitarianism is a concept for a form of government or political system that prohibits opposition parties, restricts individual opposition to the state and its claims, and exercises an extremely high degree of control over public and private life. It is regarded as the most extreme and complete form of authoritarianism.
- In politics
John Connelly has argued that totalitarianism is a useful...
- In architecture
Non-political aspects of the culture and motifs of...
- In politics
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia The Origins of Totalitarianism, published in 1951, was Hannah Arendt 's first major work, wherein she describes and analyzes Nazism and Stalinism as the major totalitarian political movements of the first half of the 20th century.
- Hannah Arendt
Totalitarianism is when regimes (political systems) control all public behaviour and as much of private behaviour as they can. No elections are held, or if they are, candidates must be approved by the ruling group. Physical force and/or arrests and detentions are used on people who protest against the regime.
Totalitarian democracy is a paradoxical term popularized by Israeli historian J. L. Talmon to refer to a system of government in which lawfully elected representatives maintain the integrity of a nation state whose citizens, while granted the right to vote, have little or no participation in the decision-making process of the government.
Totalitarianism or totalitarian state is a term uised bi some poleetical scientists tae describe a poleetical seestem in which the state haulds tot authority ower the society an seeks tae control aw aspects o public an private life whaurever possible.
- Soviet history
- Soviet constitution—fiction and reality
- Ideology and terror
- Dictatorship of the proletariat
Democracy and Totalitarianism is a book by French philosopher and political scientist Raymond Aron. It compares the political systems of the Soviet Union and the democratic countries of the West.
The basis of the book was a series of lectures Aron gave in 1957 and 1958 at Sorbonne University. It is republished in France regularly and has been translated into many languages, including Russian.
The democratically elected Constituent Assembly was dissolved by the Bolsheviks after its first meeting because a considerable majority of its members were hostile to the Bolsheviks. Merchants, priests and landowners were deprived of electoral rights under the constitution of Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic of 1918. According to Aron, this Soviet Constitution had no value because the real power belonged to the Communist Party. Aron claimed that no distinctions were made between citi
According to Bolshevist theory, the October Revolution became a symbol of a victory of the world proletariat. According to Aron, the October Revolution was actually an example of the important role of small political groups in human history. Aron points to imaginary elections and hypocritical welcome exclamations at congresses and demonstrations as symbols of the power of the Soviet ruling clique.
Aron named five main signs of totalitarianism: 1. One-party has a monopoly on political activity only. 2. A state ideology upheld by the ruling party that is given status as the only authority. 3. State information monopoly that controls mass media for distribution of official truth. 4. State controlled economy with major economic entities under the control of the state. 5. Ideological terror that turns economic or professional actions into crimes. Violators are exposed to prosecution and to ide
Aron claimed that according to Marx, power belongs to the proletariat under socialism. The proletariat were a minority of the population in Russia before the 1917 October Revolution. Aron concluded that "the power belongs to the proletariat" was thus demagogy, because it excluded the majority. In practice, according to Aron, the power belonged to the ruling group of Party apparatchiks in the USSR. Social democrats warned in 1917 that the socialist revolution would doom workers to despotism for h
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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia The political philosopher Sheldon Wolin coined the term inverted totalitarianism in 2003 to describe what he saw as the emerging form of government of the United States. Wolin analysed the United States as increasingly turning into a managed democracy (similar to an illiberal democracy).
Arendt, Hannah: The Origins of Totalitarianism. London 1986 Deutsch. ISBN 0-233-97898-4. Originalupplaga: The Burden of Our Time. London 1951, Secker & Warburg. Carl J Friedrich and Zbigniew Brzezinski: Totalitarian Dictatorship and Autocracy. New York 1956, Frederick A. Praeger. (2 rev. uppl. 1965).
Hannah Arendt, The Origins of Totalitarianism (1958, new ed. 1966). John A. Armstrong, The Politics of Totalitarianism (New York: Random House, 1961). Franz Borkenau The Totalitarian Enemy, London, Faber and Faber 1940.