Tunisia, officially the Republic of Tunisia, is a country in the Maghreb region of North Africa.It is bordered by Algeria to the west and southwest, Libya to the southeast, and the Mediterranean Sea to the north and east; covering 163,610 km 2 (63,170 sq mi), Tunisia is the smallest country in North Africa.
The present day Republic of Tunisia, al-Jumhuriyyah at-Tunisiyyah, is situated in Northern Africa. Geographically situated between Libya to the east, Algeria to the west and the Mediterranean Sea to the north. Tunis is the capital and the largest city (population over 800,000); it is near the ancient site of the city of Carthage.
Tunisia's population was estimated to be around 11.6 million in mid-2019. In the generally youthful African continent, Tunisia's population is among the most mature. This is because the government has supported a successful family planning program that has reduced the population growth rate to just over 1% per annum, contributing to Tunisia's economic and social stability.
Tunisia is a member of the Arab League, the African Union and the Organization of Islamic Cooperation.It maintains close relations with the United States, France and the European Union, with which it entered an Association Agreement in 1995.
The Tunisian Revolution, also called the Jasmine Revolution, was an intensive 28-day campaign of civil resistance. It included a series of street demonstrations which took place in Tunisia, and led to the ousting of longtime president Zine El Abidine Ben Ali in January 2011.
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Tunisia memiliki ekonomi yang beragam, mulai dari pertanian, pertambangan, manufaktur, dan produk minyak bumi hingga pariwisata. Pada tahun 2008 Tunisia memiliki PDB sebesar 41 miliar dolar AS , atau $82 miliar (paritas daya beli). Sektor pertanian menyumbang 11,6% dari PDB, industri 25,7%, dan jasa 62,8%.
La Tunisia è stata abitata fin dalla preistoria: la presenza umana è documentata fin dal paleolitico.I suoi primi abitanti noti furono tribù berbere.Sintetizzando millenni di storia tunisina bisogna ricordare il conflitto interetnico tra i berberi sedentari e gli arabofoni nomadi, avvenuto fra il XII e il XIV secolo.