The University of Vienna ( German: Universität Wien) is a public research university located in Vienna, Austria. It was founded by Duke Rudolph IV in 1365 and is the oldest university in the German-speaking world. With its long and rich history, the university has developed into one of the largest universities in Europe, and also one of the ...
University of Vienna. From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Jump to navigation Jump to search. The Ceremony Hall in the main building of the University of Vienna. The University of Vienna ( German: Universität Wien) is a public university in Vienna, Austria. It was founded by Duke Rudolph IV in 1365 and is the oldest university in the German-speaking world.
The Medical University of Vienna is a public university located in Vienna, Austria. It is the direct successor to the faculty of medicine at the University of Vienna, founded in 1365 by Rudolf IV, Duke of Austria. As one of the oldest medical schools in the world, it is the oldest in the German-speaking countries, and was the second medical faculty in the Holy Roman Empire, after the Charles University of Prague. The Medical University of Vienna is the largest medical organisation in Austria, as
- Famous Members
- The University Library
- International Acclaim
From the Middle Ages to the Enlightenment
The University was founded on 12 March 1365 by Rudolf IV, Duke of Austria, and his two brothers, Dukes Albert III and Leopold III, hence the additional name "Alma Mater Rudolphina". After the Charles University in Prague and Jagiellonian University in Kraków, the University of Vienna is the third oldest university in Central Europe and the oldest university in the contemporary German-speaking world; it remains a question of definition as the Charles Unive...
From the 19th century onwards
Big changes were instituted in the wake of the Revolution in 1848, with the Philosophical Faculty being upgraded into equal status as Theology, Law and Medicine. Led by the reforms of Leopold, Count von Thun und Hohenstein, the university was able to achieve a larger degree of academic freedom. The current main building on the Ringstraße was built between 1877 and 1884 by Heinrich von Ferstel. The previous main building was located close to the Stuben Gate (...
The University of Vienna does not have one single campus. Historically, the university started functioning from the First District near the Jesuit Church. Now, the academic facilities occupy more than sixty locations throughout the city of Vienna. The historical main building on the Ringstraße constitutes the university's centre and is commonly referred to as "die Uni". Most other larger university facilities and lecture halls are located nearby in the area of Vienna's First and Ninth District: the so-called new Lecture Hall Complex (Neues Institutgebäude, NIG), the lecture hall complex Althanstraße (UZA), the campus on the premises of the Historical General Hospital of Vienna, the Faculty of Law (Juridicum) and others. The Botanical Garden of the University of Viennais housed in the Third District, as are the Department of Biochemistry and related research centres. Also worth mentioning is the Vienna O...
The University of Vienna, like all universities and academies in Austria, once featured a system of democratic representation. Power in the university was divided equally among three groups: students (the largest group), junior faculty and full professors. All groups had the right to send representatives to boards, who then voted on almost every issue. From 2002 on, the government of Austria, headed by chancellor Wolfgang Schüssel, reformed the university system, transforming the institutions into legal entities, but also concentrating power in the hands of the full professors. The reform also introduced a board of governors and tuition fees. In 2013 those amounted to about €381 per semester for students from Austria, the European Union as well as some non-EU countries, while students from developed non-EU countries usually pay double that amount. The reforms also separated the medical departments into sep...
Faculty and scholars
Nobel Prize Laureates who taught at the University of Vienna include Robert Bárány, Julius Wagner-Jauregg, Hans Fischer, Karl Landsteiner, Erwin Schrödinger, Victor Franz Hess, Otto Loewi, Konrad Lorenz and Friedrich Hayek. The University of Vienna was the cradle of the Austrian School of economics. The founders of this school who studied and later instructed at the University of Vienna included Carl Menger, Eugen von Böhm-Bawerk, Friedrich von Wieser, Joseph Schump...
Some of the University's better-known students include: Kurt Adler, Franz Alt, Wilhelm Altar, Maria Anwander, Bruno Bettelheim, Rudolf Bing, Lucian Blaga, Hedda Bolgar, Josef Breuer, F. F. Bruce, Elias Canetti, Ivan Cankar, Otto Maria Carpeaux, Christian Doppler, Felix Ehrenhaft, Mihai Eminescu, Stephen Ferguson Paul Feyerabend, Heinz Fischer, O. W. Fischer, Ivan Franko, Sigmund Freud, Alcide De Gasperi, Kurt Gödel, Ernst Gombrich, Erich Göstl, Franz Grillparzer, We...
Nobel Prize Laureates
There are total 15 Nobel Prize Laureates affiliated to the University as follows:
The University Library of the University of Vienna comprises the Main Library and the 50 departmental libraries at the various university locations throughout Vienna. The library's primary responsibility is to the members of the university; however, the library's 350 staff members also provide access to the public. Use of the books in the reading halls is open to all persons without the need for identification, which is only required for checking out books. The library's website provides direct access to information such as electronic journals, online indices and databases.
Template:Infobox European university ranking The University of Vienna has the highest ranking in Arts and Humanities, where it is placed 35 and 54th in the world according to the THE and QS rankingrespectively. Outstanding subjects include Geography (ranked 28th globally in 2013), Linguistics and Philosophy (both 46th globally) and Law (ranked 32nd in Europe and 73rd globally). It is rated high in academic reputation and number of international students, but low in terms of faculty to student ratio and citations per faculty.
- WU today
- New campus
The Vienna University of Economics and Business is the biggest university focusing on business and economics in Europe. It has been ranked as one of the best business schools in Europe and received Triple accreditation. According to The QS World University Rankings by Subjects 2020, Vienna University of Economics and Business was ranked 37th among more than 13.000 universities all over the world offering degrees in Business & Management.
WU was founded on 1 October 1898 as k.u.k. Exportakademie to provide professional training to future businessmen and thus stimulate the Austro-Hungarian empire's economy. From humble beginnings as a professional school, it quickly grew to become an important institution, which was awarded the status of a fully-fledged Hochschule in 1919. At that time, it was renamed to Hochschule für Welthandel. The course of studies leading to the academic degree of Diplomkaufmann provided training ...
In January 2015, Edeltraud Hanappi-Egger was elected rector of WU. She is the first female in the history of the University to be elected rector. Her term began on 1 October 2015.
Today, WU has more than 20,000 students and over 400 researchers and lecturers, among those about 90 full professors. It increasingly draws students from outside Austria, mostly from Central and Eastern Europe. Most of the faculty are of Austrian or German nationality.
The new location is dubbed "Campus WU" and had its groundbreaking ceremony in October 2009. Close to the Prater public park, and next to the exhibition centre of Vienna, the campus features 6 main building complexes resting on approximately 25 acres. The master plan was created by BUSarchitektur under the guidance of the architect Laura P. Spinadel. The buildings of the campus are designed by architectural firms from Spain, the United Kingdom, Germany, Japan and Austria. The dominant element of
Researchers at WU work in the following fields: 1. Business Administration and all its branches 2. Economics 3. Law 4. Linguistics, focus on Business Communication 5. Socioeconomics 6. Mathematics and Statistics 7. Economic History and Economic Geography With students in Austria being free to choose at which university they enroll, WU has become the most popular business and economics university in Vienna and in Austria.
- English and American Studies Library
The Department of English at Vienna University is, with almost 4000 students, one of the largest English departments in Europe.
English was not included in the curricula at the University of Vienna until 1800. The delay may be explained by religious caution as, during the 16th and 17th centuries, the university was under Jesuit dominance, firmly supporting the Catholic Church. Consequently, English was regarded as a language of Protestantism and, hence, excluded from curricula. Empress Maria Theresia declared the University of Vienna an educational establishment of the state in the 18th century. Although this reform allo
One of the current research focuses of the department is CLIL - Content and Language Integrated Learning. The research conducted concentrates on teaching and learning of curricular content in and through foreign or second languages. Especial attention is being paid to a discoursi
The department also hosts the research group NatSide.
Fun*Cog is a research group that focusses on two approaches to the study of language and their intersections: functionalism and cognitive linguistics. The team combines the functional discourse grammar theory with a high interest in the cognitive processes underlying language pro
The CELT at the department is dedicated to the teacher training program and research connected with it. Activities include pre-service teacher education, research in English language teaching and English language teacher education as well as teacher development. CELT also cooperates with other educational institutions.
Views or VIENNA ENGLISH WORKING PAPERS is an online academic journal established by the English department of university Vienna in 1992. It was launched in order to create an active linguistic community. Its sole interest is the exchange of ideas between the Viennese scholars and
Views proved to be a successful experience as an academic forum of discussion and as a space for sharing papers of high quality. Views has contributed both locally and internationally to constructive discussions. As views was afraid of losing its interactive feature, it primarily
The department staff wants their project to reflect their interest in open discussions rather than well-finished papers. “When we called our working papers VIEWS, this was meant to be an operative word, reflecting the intention to produce not so much finished papers as ...
The English Studies Library is a sublibrary of the University of Vienna library. Its origins date back to the year 1877 when Jakob Schipper made a one time donation of 400 Gulden and an annual stipend of 150 Gulden to buy a book collection for the English Seminary at Vienna University. In 1974, the American Studies section of the library is added. The year 1997 saw the move of the library to its current location.
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