The city of Versailles has an area of 26.18 km 2 (10.11 sq mi, or 6,469 acres), which is a quarter of the area of the city of Paris. In 1989, Versailles had a population density of 3,344/km 2 (8,660/sq mi), whereas Paris had a density of 20,696/km 2 (53,602/sq mi).
The argument over the etymology of Versailles tends to...
- A seat of power
From May 1682, when Louis XIV moved the court and government...
Versailles is located 17.1 km west-southwest from the centre...
The Palace of Versailles ( / vɛərˈsaɪ, vɜːrˈsaɪ / vair-SY, vur-SY; French: Château de Versailles [ʃɑto d (ə) vɛʁsɑj] ( listen)) was the principal royal residence of France from 1682, under Louis XIV, until the start of the French Revolution in 1789, under Louis XVI. It is located in the department of Yvelines, in the region and ...
Versailles is a French city. It is in the western suburbs of Paris, 17.1 km. (10.6 miles) from the center of Paris. It is the capital of the Yvelines département. This city is very important for the History of France because it was formerly the capital of the kingdom of France . Its name comes from the Latin word vertere, meaning to turn the soil.
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Versailles (/ v ər ˈ s eɪ l z /) is a home rule-class city in Woodford County, Kentucky, United States. It lies 13 miles (21 kilometers) by road west of Lexington and is part of the Lexington-Fayette Metropolitan Statistical Area. Versailles has a population of 9,316 according to 2017 census estimates. It is the county seat of Woodford County.
Versailles is a city in Morgan County, Missouri, United States.The population was 2,482 at the 2010 census.It is the county seat of Morgan County. Locally, the town's name is pronounced “Ver-sails”, rather than “Ver-seye,” as in the French pronunciation of the royal palace for which the town is named.
The Treaty of Versailles was an important step in the status of the British Dominions under international law. Australia, Canada, New Zealand and South Africa had each made significant contributions to the British war effort, but as separate countries, rather than as British colonies.
Jul 04, 2019 · Versailles is a city on western edge of the French capital city Paris, now part of the sprawling metropolis within the Ile de France region. Versailles is best known for being the site of the vast royal palace and gardens built by King Louis XIV within what was previously a royal hunting lodge.
- A Hatalom Székhelye
1682 májusától (amikor XIV. Lajos véglegesen áthelyezte a királyi udvart és a kormányt Versailles-ba) 1715 szeptemberéig, majd 1722 júniusától 1789 októberéig Versailles volt a Francia Királyság nem hivatalos fővárosa. Végig Párizs maradt az ország hivatalos fővárosa, és a Louvre (majd a Tuileriák palotája) volt a hivatalos királyi székhely, de a kormányzati ügyeket Versailles-ból irányították, és azt is tekintették az igazi fővárosnak. 1871 márciusától (amikor a francia kormány a párizsi kommün felkelése miatt menedéket kért ott) Versailles újra a nem hivatalos francia főváros lett 1879novemberéig (amikor az újonnan megválasztott baloldali republikánusok áthelyezték a kormányt és a parlamentet Párizsba). Az 1960-as években a Párizst körülvevő elővárosok (banlieues) növekedésével Seine-et-Oise megye (département) lakossága elérte a csaknem 3 millió főt. Ezt túl nagynak és irányíthatatlannak ítélték, ezért 1968 januárjában három département-re osztották fel. Versailles az új Yvelines...
Versailles 17,1 kilométerrel délnyugatra Párizs központjától, egy fennsíkon fekszik, 130-140 méter tengerszint feletti magasságban (míg Párizsközpontja 33 méter magasan van), erdős dombokkal körbevéve. Versailles egy 26,18 km²-es területen fekszik, amely Párizs területének a negyede. 1999-ben a népsűrűsége 3,275 fő/km² volt, míg Párizsnak20,164 fő/km².
Versailles-t a Versailles - Chantiers állomás szolgálja ki, amely egy csomópont a párizsi C RER-vonalon, a La Défense helyiérdekű vasútvonalon, a Párizs - Montparnasse helyiérdekű vasútvonalon és számos nemzeti vasútvonalon, beleértve a ritkább TGVszolgáltatást. Versailles-t két másik állomás is kiszolgálja a Párizsi C RER-vonalon: Versailles-Château – Rive-Gauche (a Versailles-i palotához legközelebbi állomás, és ezért a turisták által leggyakrabban használt állomás) valamint a Porchefontaine. Ezenkívül a Párizs - Saint-Lazare helyiérdekű vasútvonal két állomása is kiszolgálja: Versailles-Rive-Droite és Montreuil.Taipei, TajvanCanberra, AusztráliaPushkin, OroszországNara, Japán
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Periods of independence and autonomy
Danzig had an early history of independence. It was a leading player in the Prussian Confederation directed against the Teutonic Monastic State of Prussia. The Confederation stipulated with the Polish king, Casimir IV Jagiellon, that the Polish Crown would be invested with the role of head of state of western parts of Prussia (Royal Prussia). In contrast, Ducal Prussia remained a Polish fief. Danzig and other cities such as Elbing and Thorn financed most of the warfare and enjoyed a high leve...
The Free City of Danzig (1920–39) included the city of Danzig (Gdańsk), the towns of Zoppot (Sopot), Oliva (Oliwa), Tiegenhof (Nowy Dwór Gdański), Neuteich (Nowy Staw) and some 252 villages and 63 hamlets, covering a total area of 1,966 square kilometers (759 sq mi). The cities of Danzig (since 1818) and Zoppot (since 1920) formed independent cities (Stadtkreise), whereas all other towns and municipalities were part of one of the three rural districts (Landkreise), Danziger Höhe, Danziger Nie...
Polish rights declared by Treaty of Versailles
The Free City was to be represented abroad by Poland and was to be in a customs unionwith it. The German railway line that connected the Free City with newly created Poland was to be administered by Poland, as were all rail lines in the territory of the Free City. On November 9, 1920, a convention that provided for the Presence of a Polish diplomatic representative in Danzig was signed between the Polish government and the Danzig authorities. In article 6, the Polish government undertook not...
The Free City's population rose from 357,000 (1919) to 408,000 in 1929; according to the official census, 95% were Germans,:5, 11 with the rest mainly either Kashubians or Poles. According to E. Cieślak, the population registers of the Free City show that in 1929 the Polish population numbered 35,000, or 9.5% of the population.[need quotation to verify] Henryk Stępniak estimates the 1929 Polish population as around 22,000, or around 6% of the population, increasing to around 13% in the 1930s. Based on the estimated voting patterns (according to Stępniak many Poles voted for the Catholic Zentrumspartei instead of Polish parties), Stępniak estimates the number of Poles in the city to be 25–30% of Catholics living within it or about 30–36 thousand people. Including around 4,000 Polish nationals who were registered in the city, Stępniak estimated the Polish population as 9.4–11% of population. In contrast Stefan Samerski estimates about 10 percent of the 130,000 Catholics were Polish.An...
The Free City was governed by the Senate of the Free City of Danzig, which was elected by the parliament (Volkstag) for a legislative period of four years. The official language was German, although the usage of Polish was guaranteed by law. The political parties in the Free City corresponded with the political parties in Weimar Germany; the most influential parties in the 1920s were the conservative German National People's Party, the Social Democratic Party of the Free City of Danzig and th...
Foreign relations were handled by the United Kingdom. In 1927, the Free City of Danzig sent a military advisory mission to Bolivia. The Bolivian government of Hernando Siles Reyes wanted to continue the pre-World War I German military mission but the Treaty of Versailles prohibited that. The German officers, including Ernst Röhm, were transferred to the Danzig police force and then sent to Bolivia. In 1929, after problems with the mission, the British embassy handled the return of the German...
The rights of the Second Polish Republic within the territory of the Free City were stipulated in the Treaty of Paris of 9 November 1920 and the Treaty of Warsaw of 24 October 1921.The details of the Polish privileges soon became a permanent matter of disputes between the local populace and the Polish State. While the representatives of the Free City tried to uphold the city's autonomy and sovereignty, Poland sought to extend its privileges. Throughout the Polish–Soviet War, local dockworkers...
World War II began with the shelling of the Westerplatte on 1 September 1939. Gauleiter Forster entered the High Commissioner's residence and ordered him to leave the City within two hours, and the Free City was formally incorporated into the newly formed Reichsgau of Danzig-West Prussia. Local SS and the police cooperated with the Germans with expelling Polish authorities from in and around the city. Polish civilian Post Office employees had received military training and were in possession of a cache of weapons – mostly pistols, three light machine guns, and some hand grenades – and were thus able to defend the Polish Post Office for fifteen hours. Upon their surrender, they were tried and executed. (The sentence was officially revoked by a German court as illegal in 1998.)The Polish military forces in the city held out until 7 September. Up to 4,500 members of Polish minority were arrested with many of them executed. In the city itself hundreds of Polish prisoners were subjected...
Historical Danzig is the setting for several works of Günter Grass, including his Danzig Trilogy novels The Tin Drum, Cat and Mouse and Dog Years, as well as in his memoirs. Grass grew up in the Danzig suburb of Langfuhr (now Wrzeszcz).Clark, Elizabeth Morrow (1997). "The Free City of Danzig: Borderland, Hansestadt or Social Democracy?". The Polish Review. 42 (3): 259–276. JSTOR 25779004. - Available on JSTORTadeusz Maciejewski and Maja Maciejewska-Szałas. 2019. "Constitutional Systems of Free European States (1918–1939)." in Modernisation, National Identity and Legal Instrumentalism. Brill.Olzewska, Izabela (2013). "Cultural Identity of Citizens of Gdańsk from an Ethnolinguistic Perspective on the Basis of Chosen Texts of the Free City of Danzig". Colloquia Humanistica. Institute of...Stilke, George. "A Short Guide through the Free City of Danzig". - At Pomeranian Digital Library (Polish: Pomorska Biblioteka Cyfrowa, German: Pommern Digitale Bibliothek, Kashubian: Pòmòrskô Cyfro...
Media related to Free City of Danzigat Wikimedia Commons 1. Extensive Prussian/ Danzig Historical Materials(many in German) 2. Map of the Free City 3. Jewish community history 4. History of Gdańsk / Danzig 5. Danzig Online 6. Gdańsk history 7. Celebration of Gdańsk's centenary in 1997 8. History & Hallucination, Wanderlust, Salon.com, January 5, 1998. 9. The power of Gdansk at the Wayback Machine(archived September 30, 2007) 10. 1933 Danzig passport, from passportland.com. 11. First hand account of growing up in Danzig in the 1930s, a video interview.