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  1. Warsaw Pact - Wikipedia › wiki › Warsaw_Pact

    The Warsaw Treaty Organization (WTO), officially the Treaty of Friendship, Cooperation and Mutual Assistance, commonly known as the Warsaw Pact (WP), was a collective defense treaty signed in Warsaw, Poland between the Soviet Union and seven other Eastern Bloc socialist republics of Central and Eastern Europe in May 1955, during the Cold War.

  2. Warsaw Pact - Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia › wiki › Warsaw_Pact

    The Warsaw Pact, officially the Treaty of Friendship, Cooperation and Mutual Assistance, was an organization of Central and Eastern European Communist states. The states were all allies and would fight together if one of them was attacked.

    • Union of peace and socialism
    • 14 May 1955
    • Warsaw, Poland
  3. Warsaw Pact - Wikipedia › wiki › Warsaw_Pact

    Warsaw Pact Frae Wikipedia, the free beuk o knawledge The Warsaw Treaty Organization o Friendship, Cooperation, an Mutual Assistance (1955–1991), mair commonly referred tae as the Warsaw Pact, wis a mutual defense treaty atween aicht communist states o Central an Eastren Europe in existence durin the Cauld War.

  4. Warsaw Pact invasion of Czechoslovakia - Wikipedia › wiki › Warsaw_Pact_invasion_of

    The Warsaw Pact invasion of Czechoslovakia, officially known as Operation Danube, was a joint invasion of Czechoslovakia by four Warsaw Pact countries – the Soviet Union, Poland, Bulgaria, and Hungary – on the night of 20–21 August 1968.

  5. Warsaw Pact Early Warning Indicator Project - Wikipedia › wiki › Warsaw_Pact_Early_Warning
    • Overview
    • Background
    • Indicator and Warning Methodology
    • Observation in Action
    • Declassification of Cold War Documents

    The Warsaw Pact Early Warning Indicator Project was a highly classified US and Allied program designed to gather intelligence that would provide indicators of impending Soviet nuclear attacks before they occurred. It was the American analogue to Operation RYAN. The project aimed to observe and find ways to prevent conflicts with the Soviet Union and its allies from the Warsaw Pact. It consisted of intense clandestine reporting, and Indicator and Warning Methodology.

    Trevor Barnes reports that what the US perceived of the Soviet Union in 1946 is important to note, as there was “almost total lack of information about Russia.” Events, such as the Pearl Harbor bombing, and the rise of Cold War tensions lead to the development of the CIA ...

    The Warsaw Pact was a treaty, that was officially formed on May 14, 1955. The Countries who signed the treaty were the Soviet Union, Albania, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, Hungary, Poland and Romania. In 1968, Albania withdrew from the treaty, followed by East Germany i

    During the 1950s the Soviet Union, and its allies, began limiting NATO and the US’s access to their military information. Nikita Khrushchev assumed power following the death of Joseph Stalin in 1953. Relations between the USSR and Eastern Europe became intense. Examples ...

    Since the inception of the CIA, the primal focus of the group was strategic warning. The aim of this methodology was to, receive early warning about any possible Soviet invasion of Europe or Nuclear strike. Indication methodology began as early as World War II. In 1948, US and British intelligence began formulating large lists of any threatening signs displayed by enemy powers. In the 1950s Indicator lists were a major part of the Indicator and observation methods. Cynthia Grabo defines Indicato

    In 1954 the National Indications Centre was developed to oversee US warning and indication methodology and progress. The group consisted of many US government based organisations including the CIA and FBI. The NIC observed and analysed a number of crises including the Warsaw Pact

    When Indicator and Warning Methodology was yet to be developed, the US-based their perceptions of the USSR and the motivations behind their behaviour on WWII facts. Between the years of 1955-59, the US had two strategies of gaining Soviet intelligence. The Berlin Tunnel operation

    The years of 1973-85, saw a peak in Warsaw Pact observation reports, which can be attributed to technological advancements that improved “clandestine” reporting and observation mechanisms. As reports of the Warsaw Pact increased, the US government was able to make ...

    Discussions for CIA declassification of documents began in 1991, with the release of 112 Soviet related documents the following year. Sources regarding warning and indication, specific to the Warsaw Pact Early Warning Indicator Project have not been entirely made available to the public. For example, ‘Memorandum from the National Intelligence Officer for Warning to the Director of Soviet Analysis’ has only two out of fifty-eight pages that provide information. The document does not ...

  6. Warsaw Pact | Military Wiki | Fandom › wiki › Warsaw_Pact
    • Nomenclature
    • Structure
    • Strategy
    • History
    • Central and Eastern Europe After The Warsaw Treaty
    • External Links

    In the Western Bloc, the Warsaw Treaty Organization of Friendship, Cooperation, and Mutual Assistance is often called the Warsaw Pact military alliance; abbreviated WAPA, Warpac, and WP. Elsewhere, in the former member states, the Warsaw Treaty is known as: 1. Albanian language: Pakti i miqësisë, bashkëpunimit dhe i ndihmës së përbashkët 2. Bulgarian language: Договор за дружба, сътрудничество и взаимопомощ 1. 1.1. Romanized Bulgarian: Dogovor za druzhba, satrudnichestvo i vzaimopomosht 2. Czech language: Smlouva o přátelství, spolupráci a vzájemné pomoci 1. Slovak language: Zmluva o priateľstve, spolupráci a vzájomnej pomoci 2. German: Vertrag über Freundschaft, Zusammenarbeit und gegenseitigen Beistand 3. Hungarian language: Barátsági, együttműködési és kölcsönös segítségnyújtási szerződés 4. Polish language: Układ o Przyjaźni, Współpracy i Pomocy Wzajemnej 1. Romanian language: Tratatul de prietenie, cooperare şi asistenţă mutuală 1. Russian language: Договор о дружбе, сотрудниче...

    The Warsaw Treaty’s organization was two-fold: the Political Consultative Committee handled political matters, and the Combined Command of Pact Armed Forces controlled the assigned multi-national forces, with headquarters in Warsaw, Poland. Furthermore, the Supreme Commander of the Unified Armed Forces of the Warsaw Treaty Organization was also a First Deputy Minister of Defense of the USSR, and the head of the Warsaw Treaty Combined Staff also was a First Deputy Chief of the General Staff of the Armed Forces of the USSR. Therefore, although ostensibly an international collective securityalliance, the USSR dominated the Warsaw Treaty armed forces.

    The strategy behind the formation of the Warsaw Pact was driven by the desire of the Soviet Union to dominate Eastern Europe. This policy was driven by ideological and geostrategic reasons. Ideologically, the Soviet Union arrogated the right to define socialism and communism and act as the leader of the global socialist movement. A corollary to this idea was the necessity of intervention if a country appeared to be violating core socialist ideas and Communist Party functions, which was explicitly stated in the Brezhnev Doctrine. Geostrategic principles also drove the Soviet Union to prevent invasion of its territory by Western European powers, which had occurred most recently by Nazi Germany in 1941. The invasion launched by Hitler had been exceptionally brutal and the USSR emerged from the Second World War in 1945 with the greatest total casualties of any participant in the war, suffering an estimated 27 million killedalong with the destruction of much of the nation's industrial ca...


    As early as 1950, the USSR was leading large-scale military exercises with Polish troops acting in a subordinate role to Soviet commanders.

    Diplomatic Maneuvers

    Prior to the formation of the Warsaw Pact the USSR engaged in several diplomatic initiatives to hinder the establishment of a cohesive, effective and inclusive NATO structure. In March 1954 the USSR, fearing "the restoration of German Militarism" in West Germany, requested to join NATO. The Soviet request to join NATO arose in the aftermath of the Berlin Conference of January–February 1954. Molotov made different proposals to have Germany reunified and elections for a pan-German government, u...

    During Cold War

    The eight member countries of the Warsaw Pact pledged the mutual defense of any member who would be attacked; relations among the treaty signatories were based upon mutual non-intervention in the internal affairs of the member countries, respect for national sovereignty, and political independence. However, almost all governments of those members states were directly controlled by the Soviet Union. The founding signatories to the Treaty of Friendship, Cooperation and Mutual Assistanceconsiste...

    On 12 March 1999, the Czech Republic, Hungary, and Poland joined NATO; Bulgaria, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Romania, and Slovakia joined in March 2004; Croatia and Albania joined on 1 April 2009. Russia and some other post-USSR states joined in the Collective Security Treaty Organisation(CSTO). In November 2005, the Polish government opened its Warsaw Treaty archives to the Institute of National Remembrance who published some 1,300 declassified documents in January 2006. Yet the Polish government reserved publication of 100 documents, pending their military declassification. Eventually, 30 of the reserved 100 documents were published; 70 remained secret, and unpublished. Among the documents published is the Warsaw Treaty's nuclear war plan, Seven Days to the River Rhine – a short, swift attack capturing Austria, Denmark, Germany and Netherlands east of River Rhine, using nuclear weapons, in self-defense, after a NATO first strike. The plan originated as a 1979 field training exerci...

  7. Warsaw Pact - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia › new_content › b02d513119795a6364a

    The Warsaw Pact (see Nomenclature) was an organization of communist states in Central and Eastern Europe.The treaty was signed in Warsaw, Poland on May 14, 1955. The treaty was an initiative of the Soviet Union and was in direct response to West Germany joining the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (more commonly known by its English acronym NATO) in 1955.

    • Ivan Konev
    • Russian, German, Polish, Czech, Hungarian, Romanian
    • Not applicable¹
    • Military alliance
  8. Warsaw Pact - Wikiwand › simple › Warsaw_Pact

    The Warsaw Pact, officially the Treaty of Friendship, Cooperation and Mutual Assistance, was an organization of Central and Eastern European Communist states. The states were all allies and would fight together if one of them was attacked.

  9. Warsaw Pact | Historical Atlas of Northern Eurasia (21 ... › maps › northern-eurasia

    The Agreements went into force on 5 May 1955 and West Germany joined NATO four days later. in wikipedia 14 May 1955 Warsaw Pact The Soviet Union, Albania, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, Hungary, Poland and Romania signed the Treaty of Friendship, Co-operation, and Mutual Assistance—later known as the Warsaw Pact—in Warsaw, Poland.

  10. NATO and the Warsaw Pact | History of Western Civilization II › atd-herkimer-world

    The Warsaw Pact. The Warsaw Pact, formally the Treaty of Friendship, Co-operation, and Mutual Assistance, was a collective defense treaty among the Soviet Union and seven other Soviet satellite states in Central and Eastern Europe during the Cold War.

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