In the United Kingdom, devolution is the Parliament of the United Kingdom statutory granting of a greater level of self-government to the Scottish Parliament, the Welsh Parliament, the Northern Ireland Assembly and the London Assembly and to their associated executive bodies the Scottish Government, the Welsh Government, the Northern Ireland Executive and in England, the Greater London Authority and combined authorities.
The Welsh devolution referendum of 1997 was a pre-legislative referendum held in Wales on 18 September 1997 over whether there was support for the creation of a National Assembly for Wales, and therefore a degree of self-government.
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- The Welsh Assembly proposed in the Wales Act 1978
The Welsh referendum of 1979 was a post-legislative referendum held on 1 March 1979 to decide whether there was sufficient support for a Welsh Assembly among the Welsh electorate. The referendum was held under the terms of the Wales Act 1978 drawn up to implement proposals made by the Kilbrandon Report published in 1973. The plans were defeated by a majority of 4:1 with only 12% of the Welsh electorate voting in favour of establishing an assembly. A second referendum to create a devolved assembl
Both the Scotland Act and the Wales Act contained a requirement that at least 40% of all voters back the plan. It had been passed as an amendment by Islington South MP George Cunningham with the backing of Bedwellty MP Neil Kinnock. Kinnock, the future leader of the Labour Party, called himself a "unionist". His stated view was that "between the mid-sixteenth century and the mid-eighteenth century Wales had practically no history at all, and even before that it was the history of rural brigands
Had the Wales Act 1978 entered force, it would have created a Welsh Assembly without primary legislative or tax raising powers. The proposed assembly would have had 72 members elected by the first past the post system with each Westminster constituency returning either two or thr
The assembly would have had the ability to pass secondary legislation with responsibility for primary legislation remaining with the UK Parliament at Westminster. It would have taken over the powers and functions of the Secretary of State for Wales.
The referendums in Scotland and Wales coincided with a period of unpopularity for the Government during the period known as the winter of discontent. Proposals for a more powerful Assembly in Scotland attracted the support of a majority of those who voted, but it amounted to just 32.5% of the total electorate, lower than the 40% threshold required. The results sealed the fate of the minority Labour government, and as a direct result of the defeat of the referendums in Wales and Scotland the Scot
- Referendum question
- Reactions to the result
The Referendum on the law-making powers of the National Assembly for Wales, was a non-binding referendum held in Wales on 3 March 2011 on whether the National Assembly for Wales should have full law-making powers in the twenty subject areas where it has jurisdiction. The referendum asked the question: ‘Do you want the Assembly now to be able to make laws on all matters in the 20 subject areas it has powers for?’ If a majority voted 'yes', the Assembly would then be able to make laws...
In the One Wales coalition agreement on 27 June 2007 the Wales Labour Party and Plaid Cymru made the commitment "to proceed to a successful outcome of a referendum for full law-making powers under Part IV of the Government of Wales Act 2006 as soon as practicable, at or before the end of the Assembly term". The two parties agreed "in good faith to campaign for a successful outcome to such a referendum" and to set up an All-Wales Convention to prepare for such a successful outcome. On 27 October
The draft referendum question submitted by the Welsh Secretary to the Electoral Commission on 23 June 2010 was: At present, the National Assembly for Wales has powers to make laws for Wales on some subjects within devolved areas. Devolved areas include health, education, social s
A revised question was released in September 2010: The National Assembly for Wales - what happens at the moment The Assembly has powers to make laws on 20 subject areas, such as agriculture, education, the environment, health, housing, local government. In each subject area, the
First Minister Carwyn Jones said: "Today an old nation came of age." Deputy First Minister and Plaid Cymru leader Ieuan Wyn Jones said that it marked "the beginning of a new era of Welsh devolution - the decade to deliver for Wales.... To demand respect, you must first display self-respect. Today we have done just that, and the rest of the world can now sit up and take notice of the fact that our small nation, here on the western edge of the continent of Europe, has demonstrated pride in who we
Pages in category "Welsh devolution" The following 14 pages are in this category, out of 14 total. This list may not reflect recent changes ().
The Commission on Devolution in Wales (Welsh: Comisiwn ar Ddatganoli yng Nghymru), also known as the Silk Commission, was an independent commission established by Welsh Secretary Cheryl Gillan on 11 October 2011.
Devolution is when a central government transfers powers to a local government. It is sometimes called Home Rule or decentralisation. In the United Kingdom devolution has happened in Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland.
Between 1998 and 1999, the Scottish Parliament, National Assembly for Wales (now known as the Senedd Cymru-Welsh Parliament), Northern Ireland Assembly and London Assembly were established by law. The Campaign for an English Parliament , which supports English devolution (i.e. the establishment of a separate English parliament or assembly) was ...
Return of Welsh identity and devolution of Government It took until the 19th Century for Welsh-centric politics to return to Wales. Liberalism in Wales, which was introduced in the early 20th century by Lloyd George, was overtaken by the growth of socialism and the Labour Party.
- related to: Welsh devolution wikipedia