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  1. Coordinates: 0°N 90°W The Western Hemisphere The Western Hemisphere is the half of Earth which lies west of the prime meridian (which crosses Greenwich, London, United Kingdom) and east of the antimeridian. The other half is called the Eastern Hemisphere.

  2. The western hemisphere is a geographical term for the half of the Earth that is west of the Prime Meridian. Pretend that the earth is cut in half, from the North Pole, through England, to the South Pole. The Western Hemisphere is the half to the west. The other half is called the Eastern Hemisphere . Related pages The Americas New World

  3. Western Hemisphere, the half that lies west of the prime meridian and east of the 180th meridian The East–West division can also be seen in a cultural and religious sense, as a division into two cultural and religious hemispheres .

    • History
    • Current Organization
    • Criticism
    • Media Representation

    Latin American Training Center-Ground Division

    In 1946, the United States Army founded the Latin American Training Center-Ground Division (Centro de Entrenamiento Latino Americano, Division Terrestre) at Fort Amador in the Panama Canal Zone to centralize the "administrative tasks involved in training the increasing number of Latin Americans attending U.S. service schools in the canal zone." The school trained Latin American military personnel to use artillery and advanced weapons purchased from the United States and provided instruction i...

    U.S. Army Caribbean School

    In February 1949, the army consolidated the training schools in the Panama Canal Zone and transferred operations to Fort Gulick.[citation needed] The army changed the name of the Latin American Ground School to the U.S. Army Caribbean School. Some courses were taught in Spanish to accommodate requests from Latin American countries that the school served.[citation needed] The school graduated 743 U.S. military personnel and 251 Latin Americans representing ten countries in 1949.[citation neede...

    School of the Americas

    In 1963, officials renamed the facility the U.S. Army School of the Americas "to better reflect its hemispheric orientation." During the mid-1960s, the school was one of several institutions through which the U.S. Army augmented "training in jungle warfare". In the first years of the decade, the Army made the Jungle Operations Committee part of the School of the Americas.[citation needed] This addition resulted in a surge in attendance by U.S. military personnel. By 1967, the school had gradu...


    Authorized by the United States Congress through 10 U.S.C. § 2166 in 2001, WHINSEC is responsible for providing professional education and training on the context of the democratic principles in the Charter of the Organization of American States (such charter being a treaty to which the United States is a party), and foster mutual knowledge, transparency, confidence, and cooperation among the participating nations and promoting democratic values, respect for human rights, and knowledge and un...

    Independent Review Board

    When the National Defense Authorization Act for 2001 was signed into law, WHINSEC was created. The law called for a federal advisory committee – the Board of Visitors (BoV) – to maintain independent review, observation, and recommendations regarding operations of the institute. The 14-member BoV includes members of the Senate and House Armed Services Committees along with representatives from the State Department, U.S. Southern Command, U.S. Northern Command, the U.S. Army Training and Doctri...

    Board of Visitors

    As of August 2018, Board members include: 1. Chairman, Senate Armed Services Committee, Sen. Jim Inhofe, or his designee 2. Ranking minority member of the SASC, Sen. Jack Reed, or his designee 3. Chairman, House Armed Services Committee, Rep. Mac Thornberry, or his designee; (Rep. Austin Scott [Ga-8] is the current designee.) 4. Ranking minority member of the HASC, Rep. Adam Smith, or his designee. 5. The Secretary of State designates a Deputy Assistant Secretary of State, usually from the Bu...

    Accusations of human rights violations

    The School of the Americas has been blamed for human rights violations committed by former students.By the early 1980s, Latin American critics accused the school of teaching techniques of repression to be used toward civilians. According to the Center for International Policy, "The School of the Americas had been questioned for years, as it trained many military personnel before and during the years of the 'national security doctrine' – the dirty war years in the Southern Coneand the civil wa...

    SOA Watch

    Since 1990, Washington, DC,-based nonprofit human rights organization School of the Americas Watch has worked to monitor graduates of the institution and to close the former SOA, now WHINSEC, through legislative action, grassroots organizing and nonviolent direct action. It maintains a database with graduates of both the SOA and WHINSEC who have been accused of human rights violations and other criminal activity.In regard to the renaming of the institution, SOA Watch claims that the approach...

    Protests and public demonstrations

    Since 1990, SOA Watch has sponsored an annual public demonstration of protest of SOA/WHINSEC at Ft. Benning. In 2005, the demonstration drew 19,000 people. The protests are timed to coincide with the anniversary of the assassination of six Jesuit priests in El Salvador in November 1989 by graduates of the School of the Americas. On November 16, 1989, these six Jesuit priests (Ignacio Ellacuría, Segundo Montes, Ignacio Martín-Baró, Joaquín López y López, Juan Ramón Moreno, and Amado López), al...

    School of the Americas Assassins, a 1994 short documentary film produced by Robert Richter. It was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Documentary Short
    Hidden in Plain Sight,a 2003 feature-length documentary film produced by Andrés Thomas Conteris, Vivi Letsou, and John Smihula
    The Empire Files: The U.S. School That Trains Dictators and Death Squads, a 2015 documentary produced by Abby Martin and broadcast on teleSUR
    • Overview
    • Relationship with Atlantic Hurricanes
    • Relationship with El Niño

    The Western Hemisphere Warm Pool is a region of sea surface temperatures warmer than 28.5 °C that develops west of Central America in the spring, then expands to the tropical waters to the east. The WHWP includes the tropical Atlantic Ocean east of the Lesser Antilles, Caribbean Sea, Gulf of Mexico, and eastern north Pacific Ocean. A WHWP heating c...

    Recent studies have shown that the Atlantic portion of the WHWP is significantly correlated with Atlantic hurricane activity. A large AWP reduces the tropospheric vertical wind shear in the main development region for Atlantic hurricanes and increases the moist static instability of the troposphere, both of which favor the intensification of tropic...

    A study of climate records has shown a relationship between El Niño and the Western Hemisphere Warm Pool. During a normal Northern Hemisphere winter, diabatic heating over the Amazon drives a Hadley cell with descending air over an anticyclone north of 20°N in the subtropical North Atlantic and associated northeast trade winds between Africa and th...

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    What is the difference between Eastern and Western Hemisphere?

    What is included in the Western Hemisphere?

  5. The Western Hemisphere Travel Initiative ( WHTI) is the implementation of the requirement to show a passport or other acceptable document to enter the United States, for nationals of certain North American jurisdictions who were previously exempt from it when traveling within the Americas.

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