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Some of these words include: der, des, dem, den -- the German definite article; masculine " the " form. die, der, den -- the German definite article; feminine " the " form. das, des, dem -- the German definite article; neuter " the " form. ein, eine, einen, einer, einem, eines -- the German indefinite article; " a, an ".RankGerman wordEnglish translationPart of speech1.dasthe (definitive article; nominative/accusative singular neuter of "der"); this, that (demonstrative pronoun); who, that, which (relative pronoun)definitive article; demonstrative pronoun; relative pronoun2.ist(he/she/it) is (3rd-person singular present of "sein")verb3.duyou (informal; addressing one person)personal pronoun4.ichI (not capitalized unless it is in the beginning of a sentence); ego (capitalized - Ich)personal pronoun; noun
- der / die / das (def. art.) the; (dem. pron.) that, those; (rel.
- und (conj.) and.
- sein (verb) to be; (aux./ perfect tense)
- in (prep.) in [variation: im in the]
- der (den, dem, des) "the" m. - definite article.
- die (der, den) "the" f. - definite article.
- und. "and" - coordinating conjunction.
- in (im) "in, into" (in the)
- Super! Don’t confuse the word “super” with “Suppe,” which sounds almost exactly the same. Used much in the same way we use it in English, “super” is a word I’ve heard the most since learning German.
- Na? “Na” is an informal way to say “hello.” Use it in place of the American slang phrase, “Yo, how’s it going?” You can even say it as a response to itself.
- Naja. This German slang word is one that I use most often. It’s used the same way as “well…” is used at the start of a sentence. It gives you a little extra time to think about what case the articles of the following sentence will be in.
- Auf jeden Fall. This is a great way to wrap up a thought. It’s also easy to assimilate, considering how similar “auf jeden Fall” is to the English phrase “in any case.”
- Personal Pronouns
- References to People
- Phrases For Travelers
Once you’ve mastered the common pleasantries, the next important thing to learn is how to refer to people. The most common way we refer to people is by using personal pronouns. In German, the pronouns (you and they) are complicated by gender and formality. You’ll use slightly different variations of these words depending on to whom you are referring and how well you know them.Sie, which is formal “you,” is polite and can be used when speaking with a new acquaintance, elder, or person in a hig...
When meeting people in German-speaking countries, be sure to use the appropriate formal title. A man would be called Herr, which is the same as Mr. or Sir. A woman is called Frau whether she is married or not.It is also helpful to know the correct vocabulary term for referring to people based on their age, gender, or relationship to you.The gender of a noun determines the article you use with it. With masculine (M) nouns, you use ein (a; an) or der (the). With feminine (F) nouns, you use eine...
There are some phrases that are particularly helpful to international travelers. Below are several phrases that might come in handy during your stay in a German-speaking country. 1. Entschuldigung! (Excuse me. [as in may I have your attention].) 2. Nichts, danke. (Nothing, thanks.) 3. Sprechen Sie Englisch? (Do you speak English?) 4. Ich spreche Englisch. (I speak English.) 5. Ich spreche nicht viel Deutsch. (I don’t speak much German.) 6. Können Sie das übersetzen? (Can you translate that fo...
The Most Frequent German Words Pronouns and Possessive Articles Der- and ein-words Modal and Auxiliary Verbs Numbers and Ordinal Numbers Prepositions Common Contractions Fragewörter [only the most common question words appear here] Coordinating Conjunctions (Verb in position 2) Subordinating ...
Jan 24, 2019 · The German federal education administrations published a number of lists of a German Grundwortschatz or Basiswortschatz (the same meaning) in the internet, basically the most frequently used words.
- der Kühlschrank. Literally: the cool cupboard. Meaning: refrigerator. Comic obviousness. I learned the words for cool (kühl) and cupboard (der Schrank) early in my German education, and guffawed unattractively when I realized that, in this language at least, 2 + 2 = fridge.
- der Handschuh. Literally: the hand shoe. Meaning: glove. Germans are so logical, right? Born engineers, they come out of the womb on souped-up V12 engines and don’t stop motoring until they’ve covered the world’s surface with super-straight Autobahns*.
- das Weichei. Literally: the soft egg. Meaning: wimp. From the charmingly obvious to the quirkily cryptic, I present you das Weichei. The German language has been particularly inventive when it comes to the wimp.
- das Fernweh. Literally: the distant ache. Meaning: a longing to travel and see distant places. If you look up the word Fernweh in a dictionary, you may well encounter another German word: Wanderlust.
- Das ist nicht mein Bier. Literally: That is not my beer. Meaning: I’m not interested; I don’t like it. It’s no secret that Germans love their beer — and also the occasional American IPA or Irish Guinness.
- Drück mir die Daumen. Literally: Press your thumbs for me! Meaning: Wish me luck! Try pressing your thumbs to the rest of your fingers. Looks a lot like a fist, right?
- Jetzt mal Butter bei die Fische. Literally: Now butter for the fish. Meaning: Get to the point! Not only is this a useful phrase to ask someone to pass the butter, it’s also your key to interrupting a tedious rant.
- Abwarten und Tee trinken. Literally: Wait and drink tea. Meaning: Wait and see. This useful phrase might be the most elegant way of expressing both your inability to change a future outcome as well as your acceptance of said outcome.
The 200 Words a Day system steps ahead of the rest for more rapid and more effective German learning, giving you all the most important German words and phrases. Indeed, on our rapid mode you can even have fifty to a 100 German words an hour being taught to you, which is ideal for previewing, revising and summarising as you learn German with ...