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    • Columbia Records - Wikipedia
      • Columbia Records is an American record label owned by Sony Music Entertainment, a subsidiary of Sony Corporation of America, the North American division of Japanese conglomerate Sony. It was founded in 1887, evolving from the American Graphophone Company, the successor to the Volta Graphophone Company.
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  2. Columbia Records - Wikipedia › wiki › Columbia_Records

    Columbia Records is an American record label owned by Sony Music Entertainment, a subsidiary of Sony Corporation of America, the North American division of Japanese conglomerate Sony. It was founded on January 15, 1889, evolving from the American Graphophone Company, the successor to the Volta Graphophone Company.

    • January 15, 1889; 131 years ago (as Columbia Phonograph Company)
    • Edward D. Easton
  3. Columbia Records

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  4. Columbia Records | › columbia-records
    • Overview
    • Company Finances
    • Analysts' Opinions
    • History
    • Fast Facts: About Columbia Records
    • Strategy
    • Chronology: Key Dates For Columbia Records
    • Influences
    • Current Trends
    • Products

    Columbia Records has come a long way from its beginning at the end of the nineteenth century, although its product remains basically the same. From the 1880s to the present, the company has sold prerecorded sound. A music industry pioneer in both technology and content, Columbia Records continues operating as one of the four label groups of Sony Music Entertainment Inc. (SMEI), a global recording company. The other three label groups within SMEI are Epic Records Group, Sony Classical, and Relativity Entertainment Group. Columbia Records originated in the late 1880s as the Columbia Graphophone Company of Bridgeport, Connecticut. The original company was built upon the experiments of scientist Charles Sumner Tainter and Chichester A. Bell. Bell, a cousin of telephone inventor Alexander Graham Bell, was an engineer. In 1886 the two received a patent for a wax-coated cardboard cylinder on which sounds could be recorded. Their machine, the Graphophone, made its official debut in Washingt...

    As one of four label groups within Sony Music Entertainment Inc., Columbia Records does not independently report its financial results; they are included in the Sony Corporation's posted net earnings. For fiscal 1998, ended March 31, 1998, SMEI reported net earnings of $1.67 billion on revenue of $50.73 billion, compared with net income of $1.13 billion on revenue of $45.7 billion in fiscal 1997. In fiscal 1996, Sony's reported net earnings of $512 million on revenue of $43.3 billion, compared with a net loss of $3.3 billion on revenue of $44.8 billion in fiscal 1995.

    "What I have learned over the years is that with patience comes success," Columbia Records President Don Ienner told Billboard Magazine."I've learned that desperate people do desperate things, and we're not desperate, and our artists are not desperate. Desperation is easy—to be wild and crazy and run the sprint—but I want to be here for the long-distance run. I'd rather run the marathon than the 50-yard dash."

    The Columbia Records of today can trace its roots to the Columbia Graphophone Company and the nineteenth century experiments of Chichester A. Bell and Charles SumnerTainter. Their invention, the Graphophone, which came nearly 10 years after Thomas Edison's tinfoil phonograph, employed a recording stylus that traced sound vibration-induced sound patterns onto a cylinder of wax-coated cardboard. The North American Phonograph Company, a maker of office dictating machines, was spawned by the purchase of controlling interests for both the Graphophone and Edison's phonograph. Regional subsidiaries across the United Statesreceived rights. However, once the invention entered the entertainment field, a clear leader emerged. The Columbia Phonograph Company, a subsidiary for the Washington and Baltimore area, led the pack with its recordings of popular tunes, speeches, military marches, and other sounds. In 1895, Columbia already was producing hundreds of cylinders a day. In 1891, Columbia off...

    Ownership: Columbia Records is a division of Sony Music Entertainment Inc., which is a division of Sony Corp. Officers:Don Ienner, Pres. Employees:9,000 in Sony Music Entertainment, Inc., which includes Columbia Records Chief Competitors:Columbia Records' major competitors include: EMI Group; Philips Electronics; PolyGram; Universal Studios; and Viacom. The 1930s saw further mergers and acquisitions within this industry. In 1934, the American Record Company-Brunswick Record Company (ARC-BRC) purchased Columbia and Okeh. Four years later, William Paley's Columbia Broadcasting System (CBS) bought ARC-BRC. Columbia soon began to sign recording contracts with artists, including the biggest names in jazz. Count Basie, Duke Ellington, Benny Goodman, and Billie Holidaywere just a few of the many artists on the Columbia Recording Corporation's high profile roster. CBS Records saw tremendous growth throughout the 1960s and 1970s. The Columbia House Company emerged as the company's direct mai...

    Columbia's strategy for success, in one word, is "innovation." Since its inception, the company has been in the forefront of technological innovation. At the end of the twentieth century, as a member of the technologically inclined Sony family, this trend remained unchanged. Likewise, it continues its role as a pioneer in the music industry. In 1998, in a market saturated with new, high-priced musical products, the company adopted a new strategy: the "developing-artists retail program." With this approach, prices for albums by lesser-known, newer bands would be reduced until a certain quota were sold. Once the albums passed the targeted sales threshold, the price per recording would be raised to that of better known artists. This strategy encourages consumers to try unknown artists without having to spend the same mount of money they traditionally would have spent on an established artist. Don Ienner, president of Columbia, has attributed his company's success to its commitment to d...


    1. Chichester A. Bell and Charles Sumner Tainter receive a patent for their Graphophone


    1. Columbia Phonograph Company sends out a catalog of its popular tunes, speeches, and other sounds recorded onto Graphophone cylinders


    1. Columbia releases its first seven inch disc when the Gram-O-Phone flat proves to be the better product

    Columbia Records was among a number of record labels that had expressed unhappiness with what they saw as an unwelcome trend in the industry's Grammy nominations and awards. In recent years, industry insiders have increasingly complained that the nominations and awards seemed out-of-step with what was really happening within the U.S. recording business. Responding to the Grammy's sensitivity to the industry's discontent, Columbia Records President Don Ienner said of the Grammys in early 1998: "They certainly have made an effort and a lot of it has paid off in a more well-rounded and responsible way of getting nominations and awards." Ienner admitted that key nominations for several Columbia artists accounted for at least some of his enthusiasm.

    The 1980s saw two revolutionary developments in the recorded music industry. The 33 1/3 rpm long-playing record, or LP, was on its way out. Sony, with help from CBS, introduced its compact disc in 1982. The new, laser driven medium, with its crystal-clear tonal quality, would spell the demise of the record-turntable paradigm that had dominated the industry for so long. At the same time, the music videowas born. An artist could not succeed only on the merits of his or her music alone; no self-respecting pop musician could expect to hit the charts without releasing an accompanying promotional video. The final decade of the twentieth century brought a number of changes for Columbia Records and the recording industry as a whole. Consolidation efforts that had brought Columbia Records and other labels into the Sony fold continued at a rapid pace throughout the business. In order to better compete, in 1994 Sony Music Entertainment Inc. reorganized its holdings into four label groups: Colu...

    Since 1994 Columbia Records Group has seen a number of chart successes. In 1996, the company managed to push the dormant band Journey back to Top 40 success. While Columbia continued to earn solid money with mainstay musicians such as Neil Diamond, Mariah Carey, and Alice in Chains, it also managed the successful debut of many new bands, including the Fugees, the Presidents of the United StatesOf America (which disbanded by 1998), dog's eye view, Nas, and Stabbing Westward. In addition to rock and pop music, the company boasts artists in many popular genres, such as rap, hip hop, country, and Latin. At the end of 1997, Columbia Records released Diana, Princess of Wales: Tribute,a two-CD collection of recordings by some of the world's best known singers and groups. The collection raised money for The Diana, Princess of Wales Memorial Fund, and recordings represented an industry-wide collaboration between major record companies and top international artists.

  5. Columbia Records | Sony Wiki | Fandom › wiki › Columbia_Records

    Template:Pp-sock Template:About Template:Short description Template:Use mdy dates Columbia Records is an American record label owned by Sony Music Entertainment, a subsidiary of Sony Corporation of America, the North American division of Japanese conglomerate Sony. It was founded in 1887, evolving from the American Graphophone Company, the successor to the Volta Graphophone Company. Columbia ...

    • United States
    • Various
    • Sony Music Entertainment
    • New York City, New York, U.S.
  6. What's in a Label: Columbia Records | Discogs › en › whats-in-a-label-columbia

    Jun 01, 2020 · In its infancy, Columbia had an exclusive contract for selling and servicing Thomas Edison’s namesake brand of phonographs and music cylinders, but by 1901 they had adopted rival RCA Victor’s patented “Disc Records” and, by 1908, introduced their own so-called “Double-Faced” 10-inch discs.

  7. What does columbia records mean? - definitions › definition › columbia+records

    Information and translations of columbia records in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. ... Columbia is the oldest surviving brand name ...

  8. List of Columbia Records artists - Wikipedia › wiki › List_of_Columbia_Records

    A partial listing of recording artists who currently or formerly recorded for Columbia Records (known in most of the world as CBS Records prior to 1991) include the following list. Please make a note if recordings were only leased from another label, this page should basically only list recording artists.

  9. Shop the Columbia Records Official Store › store

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