Yahoo Web Search

  1. 1349 - Wikipedia › wiki › AD_1349

    阴土牛年. (female Earth- Ox) 1476 or 1095 or 323. Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1349. Year 1349 ( MCCCXLIX) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar .

  2. Category:1349 - Wikipedia › wiki › Category:1349

    Category:1349. Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1349. Articles and events specifically related to the year AD 1349 .

  3. 1348 - Wikipedia › wiki › 1348
    • Events
    • Births
    • Deaths


    1. January – Gonville Hall, the forerunner of Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge, England, is founded. 2. January 25 – The 6.9-magnitude 1348 Friuli earthquake centered in Northern Italy was felt across Europe. Contemporary minds linked the quake with the Black Death, fueling fears that the Biblical Apocalypse had arrived. 3. February 2 – Battle of Strėva: the Teutonic Order secure a victory over the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. 4. April 7 – Charles University in Prague, founded the previous...

    Date unknown

    1. The Black Death pandemic spreads to central and western Europe and to Cairo. 2. Stefan the Mighty, Emperor of Serbia, conquers Thessaly and Epirus. 3. The Pskov Republic gains independence from the Novgorod Republic with the treaty of Bolotovo. 4. Hundred Years' War (1337–1360): The effects of the Black Death cause a de facto truce to be observed between England and France until 1355. 5. Estimation: Hangzhou in Mongolian China becomes the largest city of the world, taking the lead from Cai...

    April 11 – Andronikos IV Palaiologos, Byzantine Emperor (d. 1385)
    date unknown
    February 2 – Narimantas, Christian Lithuanian prince of Pinsk (Battle of Strėva)
    June 9 – Ambrogio Lorenzetti, Sienese painter (Black Death) (b. 1290)
    June 13 – Don Juan Manuel, prince of Villena, Spanish writer (b. 1282)
    July 1 – Joan of England, princess (Black Death) (b. 1333/34)
  4. 1346 - Wikipedia › wiki › AD_1346

    In the same year [1346], God's punishment struck the people in the eastern lands, in the town Ornach , and in Khastorokan, and in Sarai, and in Bezdezh, and in other towns in those lands; the mortality was great among the Bessermens, and among the Tartars, and among the Armenians and the Abkhazians, and among the Jews, and among the European foreigners, and among the Circassians, and among all ...

  5. Categoria:1349 - Vicipaedia › wiki › Categoria:1349

    Vicimedia Communia plura habent quae ad 1349 spectant. Subcategoriae. ... Mortui 1349‎ (2 pp.) Paginae in categoria "1349" Huic categoriae est solum una pagina. 1.

  6. NASA - Lunar Eclipses of History › LEhistory › LEhistory
    • Fred Espenak
    • Footnotes
    • Notes

    Both the popular and technical literature contain many references to lunar eclipses of the past. Some of these references are from ancient texts. In other cases, they are attempts to tie an eclipse with a historical event. The purpose of this web page is to present eclipse calculations for many such eclipses mentioned in the literature. The inclusion of an historical event in the tables below does not imply validation of the historical event nor its connection with an eclipse. Some events may be either apocryphal or fictional, or an eclipse may be incorrectly associated with a particular event. The eclipse maps and calculations are simply presented so that they may be compared with references in the literature. It is left to the reader to evaluate whether the eclipse association is valid or not. The following two tables list lunar eclipses identified with some historical event of note.When selected, each Calendar Date links to a diagram showing the Moon's path though Earth's shadows...

    Umbral magnitudeis the fraction of the Moon's diameter obscured by Earth's Umbra. For partial eclipses, the umbral magnitude is always greater than 0 and less than 1. For total eclipses, the umbral magnitude is always greater than or equal to 1. Eclipse Durationis the duration of the partial eclipse. Total eclipses have a partial phase both before and after the total phase.Thus, two eclipse durations are listed for total eclipses.The first duration is for the entire eclipse (partial and total phases combined) and the second duration (in '[ ]') is for the total phase only. BCE and CE are abbreviations for "Before Common Era" and "Common Era," respectively.They are the secular equivalents to the BC and AD dating conventions. (See:Year Dating Conventions)

    -0746 Feb 02 - Babylonian Eclipse -0412 Aug 28 - Siege of Syracuse -0405 Apr 15 - Fire in the temple of Athena -0128 Nov 05 - Death of Carneades 0014 Sep 27 - Death of Augustus 1349 Jul 01 - A Witch's Eclipse 1433 Jul 02 - Two Eclipses in 15 Days 1457 Sep 03 - Time Error Eclipse 1504 Mar 01 - Columbus' Eclipse 1573 Dec 08 - Brahe's Eclipse

  7. History of England - Simple English Wikipedia, the free ... › wiki › History_of_England
    • Anglo-Saxon England
    • England During The Middle Ages
    • Tudor England
    • The Stuarts and The Civil War
    • Other Websites
    • Further Reading

    Analysis of human bodies found at an ancient cemetery near Abingdon, England, shows that Saxon immigrants and native Britonslived side-by-side. The Romano-British population (the Britons) was assimilated. The settlement (or invasion) of England is called the Saxon Conquest, or the Anglo-Saxon or English Conquest. From the 4th century AD, many Britons left to cross the English Channel from Wales, Cornwall and southern Britain, and started to settle the western part of Gaul (Armorica), where they started a new nation: Brittany. The Britons gave their new country its name and the Breton language, Brezhoneg, a sister language to Welsh and Cornish. The name "Brittany" (from "Little Britain") arose at this time to tell the new Britain apart from "Great Britain". Brezhoneg is still spoken in Brittany today.

    The defeat of King Harold Godwinson at the Battle of Hastings in 1066 against Duke William II of Normandy, later called William I of England, and the following Norman conquest of England caused important changes in the history of Britain. William ordered the Domesday Book to be written. This was a survey of the entire population, and their lands and property, to help in collecting taxes. William also ruled Normandy, then a powerful duchy in France. William and his nobles spoke, and held court, in Anglo-Norman, in Normandy as well as in England. The use of the Anglo-Norman language by the aristocracy was kept up for centuries, and had a great influence on the development of Old English into Middle English. In England, the Middle Ages was a time of war, civil war, rebellions from time to time, and many plots among the nobles and royalty. England had more than enough cereals, dairy products, beef and mutton. The nation's international economy was based on the wool trade, where wool fro...

    The Wars of the Roses ended with the victory of Henry Tudor, who became king Henry VII of England, at the Battle of Bosworth Field in 1485, where the Yorkist king, Richard IIIwas killed. His son, Henry VIII split with the Roman Catholic Church over a question of his divorce from Catherine of Aragon. Though his religious position was not entirely Protestant, this led to the Church of England breaking from the Roman Catholic Church. There followed a time of great religious and political troubles, and the English Reformation. Henry VIII had three children, all of whom would wear the Crown. The first to reign was Edward VI of England. Although he was intelligent, he was only a boy of ten when he took the throne in 1547. When Edward VI died of tuberculosis in 1553 Mary I took the throne when crowds cheered for her in London, which people at the time said was the largest show of affection for a Tudor monarch. Mary, a loyal Catholic who had been influenced greatly by the Catholic King of S...

    Elizabeth died without children who could take the throne after her. Her closest male Protestant relative was the king of Scotland, James VI, of the house of Stuart, so he became James I of England, the first king of the entire island of Great Britain, although he ruled England and Scotland as separate countries. The English Civil War began in 1642, mainly because of conflicts between James' son, Charles I, and Parliament. The defeat of the Royalist army by the New Model Army of Parliament at the Battle of Naseby in June 1645 destroyed most of the King's forces. The capture and trial of Charles led to his beheading in January 1649 at Whitehall Gate in London. A republic was declared, and Oliver Cromwell became the Lord Protector in 1653. After he died, his son Richard Cromwell followed him in the office, but soon quit. The monarchy was returned in 1660, after England had a time of anarchy, with King Charles IIagain in London. In 1665, London was hit with the plague, and then, in 166...

    Full text of The History of England From the Norman Conquest to the Death of John (1066–1216) from Project Gutenberg.
    Timeline Archived 2015-08-31 at the Wayback Machineof England.
    A History of Britain: At the Edge of the World, 3500 BC – 1603 AD by Simon Schama, BBC/Miramax, 2000 ISBN 0-7868-6675-6
    A History of Britain, Volume 2: The Wars of the British 1603–1776 by Simon Schama, BBC/Miramax, 2001 ISBN 0-7868-6675-6
    A History of Britain - The Complete Collectionon DVD by Simon Schama, BBC 2002 ASIN B00006RCKI
    The Isles, A History by Norman Davies, Oxford University Press, 1999, ISBN 0-19-513442-7
  8. Colosseum - Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia › wiki › Colosseum

    The Colosseum, also known as the Flavian Amphitheatre, is a large artefact or structure in the city of Rome. The construction of the Colosseum started around 70–72 AD and was finished in 80 AD. Emperor Vespasian started all the work, and Emperor Titus completed the colosseum. Emperor Domitian made some changes to the building between 81–96 AD.

  9. Ajjúbidák – Wikipédia › wiki › Ajjúbidák
    • Eredet
    • Felemelkedés
    • Szaladin, és AZ Ajjúbidák Politikai rendszere
    • A Birodalom felbomlása
    • Jegyzetek
    • Források
    • fordítás
    • További információk

    Az Ajjúbidák ősei visszavezethetők Sadira, a 12. század első negyedében virágzó nevezetes kurd-örményváros Dvin uralkodócsaládjának egyik fő alakjára. Sadi apját a források gyakran Marvannak nevezik, de ezen kívül semmit nem tudunk róla. Úgy tűnik azonban, hogy Sadi a Ravádíja (Rawādīya) kurd törzs tagja volt, amely a hatalmas Hadbáníja (Haḏbānīya) törzsszövetség egyik ága. Egyes kutatások szerint az Ajjúbidák egy állattenyésztő törzs tagjai voltak, akik egy marginális, de geopolitikai értelemben bonyolult terület felett diszponáltak. Mivel később az Ajjúbidák a hatalom részesei lettek, némelyek azt valószínűsítik, hogy nem kurdok voltak, hanem arabok, hiszen a hatalom közelébe ők kerülhettek a leggyorsabban.

    Az ajjúbidák felemelkedése Sádi száműzetésévek vette kezdetét, amikor egy török hadvezér kiűzte őt a városból, és megkaparintotta az ottani kurd hercegséget. Sadi Irakba vándorolt két felnőtt fiával, Najm-al-Dín Ajjúbbal és Aszad-al-Dín Sírkúhval, majd az iraki szeldzsukokSadit, egy régi barátja közbenjárására kinevezték Takrít parancsnokává. Sadi halála után helyét idősebbik fia Ajjúb vette át. A politikai viszontagságok hamarosan egy másik emigráns szolgálatába állították a fiúkat, így 1138-ban Ajjúb és Sírkúh a hatalmas moszuli atabég, Emad-al-Din Zangi mellé szegődött, ahol hamar kiérdemelték a száműzöttek közt a legerősebb és legbefolyásosabb tisztségeket. A státuszt meg tudták őrizni Emad-al-Din Zangi halála után is, mivel megtartotta őket szolgálatában annak fia, Núr-al-dín Mahmúd (1146–1174) is.

    1168-ban Sírkúh, Núr al Dín Zangida uralkodó parancsára expedíciós hadsereget vezetett Egyiptomba, ahol sikerült rábírni a tehetetlen al-Ázed Fátimida kalifát arra, hogy nevezze ki őt vezérének. Sírkúh néhány hónap múlva meghalt (1169), őt követte pozíciójában unokaöccse Szaláh ad-Dín Júszuf ibn Ajjúb, aki Nyugaton, mint Szaladin vált ismertté, és ő volt a valódi alapítója az Ajjúbida-dinasztiának. Szaláh ad-Dín nagy szakértelemmel látott munkához, hogy hatalmát megszilárdítsa. Szaladin 1171-ben megdöntötte a síita Fátimidák hatalmát, visszaállította az Abbászida kalifa fennhatóságát, és visszatérítette a lakosságot a szunnita hitre. Núr ad-Dín halála után Szaladin átvette annak tartományait, és székhelyét Damaszkuszba helyezte. A kalifa kinevezte a muszlimok teljhatalmú vezetőjévé a keresztesek elleni háborúban, egyúttal „Mekka és Medina szent helyeinek védelmezőjeként” a keresztesek által zaklatott zarándokok, és a kereskedelmi utak védelmét is kötelességévé tette. Szaladin elnyom...

    Saláh ad-Dín utódainak története rendkívül összetett: két fő követője mint az Ajjúbidák konföderációjának vezérei jelentős változásokat hajtottak végre a politikai szerkezet megváltoztatásában, de ezek tartalmát elsősorban saját céljaikra alakították. Így bátyja al-Malek ad-Ádel Szajf al-Dín (1200–1218) biztosítani tudta hatalmát saját fia területeinek hűbéresi hozzárendelésével. Másrészt annak utódja al-Malek al-Kamel Naser ad-Dín (1218–1238), diplomáciai kapcsolatok és alkalmi szövetségek révén képes volt megőrizni a Földközi-tenger menti kényes politikai egyensúlyú területek stabilitását. A Saláh ad-Dín által megteremtett birodalmat a család tagjainak hatalmi harcai szétdarabolták, 1200-ra azonban átmenetileg sikerült újra egyesíteni. Ez az egység azonban 1218-ra összeomlott. Kairóban a dinasztia fő ága uralkodott ad-Kamil (1218–1238) vezetésével, míg Damaszkuszban, Aleppóban és Homszban a család mellékágai. A főág 1250-ben halt ki, amikor al-Muazzam szultánt a mamlúkok meggyilko...

    ↑ R. S. Humphreys: Ayyubids. Encyclopaedia Iranica. (Hozzáférés: 2013. szeptember 19.)
    ↑ On the origins of the Ayyubids, V. Minorsky, Studies in Caucasian History, London, 1953, pp. 107-57., idézi :Encyclopaedia Iranica
    R. S. Humphreys: Ayyubids. ENCYCLOPÆDIA IRANICA. iranicaonline. (Hozzáférés: 2013. szeptember 19.)
    Iszlám művészet és építészet, Peter Ferienabend (ed.), Budapest: Vince (2005). ISBN 963-9552-61-5
    Malise Ruthven, Azim Nanji: Historical Atlas of Islam. (hely nélkül): Harvard University Press. 2004. ISBN 0674013859

    Ez a szócikk részben vagy egészben a List of Ayyubid rulerscímű angol Wikipédia-szócikk fordításán alapul. Az eredeti cikk szerkesztőit annak laptörténete sorolja fel. Ez a jelzés csupán a megfogal...

    Abdul Ali. Islamic Dynasties of the Arab East: State and Civilization During the Later Medieval Times. M.D. Publications Pvt. Ltd. (1996. január 1.). ISBN 978-81-7533-008-5. Hozzáférés ideje: 2013....

  10. People also search for