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    Book of Esther [ edit] "Ahasuerus" is given as the name of a king, the husband of Esther, in the Book of Esther. He is said to have ruled "from India even unto Nubia, over an hundred and seven and twenty provinces" - that is, over the Achaemenid Empire. [4] There is no reference to known historical events in the story; the narrative of Esther ...

    • Etymology

      The Hebrew form is believed to have derived from the Old...

    • Biblical references

      "Ahasuerus" is given as the name of a king, the husband of...

    • In legends

      In some versions of the legend of the Wandering Jew, his...

  2. The Greek book of Esther, included in the Septuagint, is a retelling of the events of the Hebrew Book of Esther rather than a translation and records additional traditions which do not appear in the traditional Hebrew version, in particular the identification of Ahasuerus with Artaxerxes and details of various letters. It is dated around the ...

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  4. Ahasuerus and Haman at the Feast of Esther From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia The painting Ahasveros and Haman at the Feast of Esther is one of the few works of Rembrandt van Rijn whose complete provenance is known. The origin of the painting can be traced back to 1662, two years after its completion.

    • 73 cm × 94 cm (29 in × 37 in)
    • Rembrandt
    • Setting and Structure
    • Summary
    • Authorship and Date
    • Historicity
    • Historical Reading
    • Interpretation
    • Additions to Esther
    • Modern Retelling
    • External Links


    The biblical Book of Esther is set in the Persian capital of Susa (Shushan) in the third year of the reign of the Persian king Ahasuerus. The name Ahasuerus is equivalent to Xerxes (both deriving from the Persian Khshayārsha), and Ahasuerus is usually identified in modern sources as Xerxes I, who ruled between 486 and 465 BC,as it is to this monarch that the events described in Esther are thought to fit the most closely. Assuming that Ahasuerus is indeed Xerxes I, the events described in Esth...


    The Book of Esther consists of an introduction (or exposition) in chapters 1 and 2; the main action (complication and resolution) in chapters 3 to 9:19; and a conclusion in 9:20–10:3. The plot is structured around banquets (mishteh), a word that occurs twenty times in Esther and only 24 times in the rest of the Hebrew bible. This is appropriate given that Esther describes the origin of a Jewish feast, the feast of Purim, but Purim itself is not the subject and no individual feast in the book...

    King Ahasuerus, ruler of the Persian Empire, holds a lavish 180-day banquet, initially for his court and dignitaries and afterwards a seven-day banquet for all inhabitants of the capital city, Shushan (Esther 1:1–9). On the seventh day of the latter banquet, Ahasuerus orders the queen, Vashti, to display her beauty before the guests by coming befor...

    The Megillat Esther (Book of Esther) became the last of the 24 books of the Tanakh to be canonized by the Sages of the Great Assembly. According to the Talmud, it was a redaction by the Great Assembly of an original text by Mordecai. It is usually dated to the 4th century BC. Shemaryahu Talmon, however, suggests that "the traditional setting of the...

    The apparent historical difficulties, the internal inconsistencies, the pronounced symmetry of themes and events, the plenitude of quoted dialogue, and the gross exaggeration in the reporting of numbers (involving time, money, and people) all point to Esther as a myth, its vivid characters (except for Xerxes) being the product of the author's creat...

    Those arguing in favour of a historical reading of Esther most commonly identify Ahasuerus with Xerxes I (ruled 486–465 BC), although in the past it was often assumed that he was Artaxerxes II (ruled 405–359 BC). The Hebrew Ahasuerus (ʔaḥašwērōš) is most likely derived from Persian Xšayārša, the origin of the Greek Xerxes. The Greek historian Herod...

    In the Book of Esther the Tetragrammaton does not appear, but it is present, in hidden form, in four complex acrostics in Hebrew: the initial or last letters of four consecutive words, either forwards or backwards comprise YHWH. These letters were distinguished in at least three ancient Hebrew manuscripts in red.[note 1] Christine Hayes contrasts t...

    An additional six chapters appear interspersed in Esther in the Septuagint, the Greek translation of the Bible. This was noted by Jerome in compiling the Latin Vulgate. Additionally, the Greek text contains many small changes in the meaning of the main text. Jerome recognized the former as additions not present in the Hebrew Text and placed them at...

    There are several paintings depicting Esther and her story, including The Punishment of Haman by Michelangelo, in a corner of the Sistine Chapel ceiling.
    In 1660, Rembrandt van Rijn's painting of Esther's Banquetdepicts how Esther approached the men at their level to make the request of erasing the decree. The painting's clarity is not the best, but...
    The Italian Renaissance poet Lucrezia Tornabuonichose Esther as one of biblical figures on which she wrote poetry.
    In 1689, Jean Baptiste Racine wrote Esther, a tragedy, at the request of Louis XIV's wife, Françoise d'Aubigné, marquise de Maintenon.

    Text and translations

    1. Jewish translations 1.1. Esther (Judaica Press) translation [with Rashi's commentary] at 1.2. Purim insights to Megillat Esther 1.3. Mechon Mamre Full text, Aleppo Codex: text of Esther in Hebrew 1.4. Reading the Megilla and Publicizing the Miracle, minhagim (customs) and halachot (laws) by Rabbi Eliezer Melamed 1.5. Hearing the Book of Esther with a short translation by Rabbi Yonadav Zar In Hebrew(Audio) 2. Christian translations 2.1. Online Bibleat 2.2. The Book...

    Physical relics

    1. A Megillah (scroll of the Book of Esther), found in Vilna after World War II 2. Esther scrolls in the Bezalel Narkiss Index of Jewish Art, the Center for Jewish Artat the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. 3. Scroll of the Book of Esther, illustrated, Italy, 1747.

  5. Esther before Ahasuerus is a large painting of 1546–47 by the Venetian painter Tintoretto showing a scene from the Greek addition to the Book of Esther, where Queen Esther faints during a bold intervention with her husband King Ahasuerus of Persia. In oil on canvas, it measures 207.7 by 275.5 centimetres (81.8 in × 108.5 in).

    • 207.7 cm × 275.5 cm (81.8 in × 108.5 in)
    • Tintoretto
  6. Ahasuerus is given as the name of the King of Persia in the Book of Esther. [4] 19th century Bible commentaries generally identified him with Xerxes I of Persia. [5] The Greek version ( Septuagint) of the Book of Esther refers to him as Artaxerxes, and the historian Josephus relates that this was the name by which he was known to the Greeks. [6]

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