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  1. Alfonso VIII of Castile - Wikipedia

    Alfonso VIII, called the Noble or the one of Las Navas, was the King of Castile from 1158 to his death and King of Toledo. He is most remembered for his part in the Reconquista and the downfall of the Almohad Caliphate. After having suffered a great defeat with his own army at Alarcos against the Almohads in 1195, he led the coalition of Christian princes and foreign crusaders who broke the power of the Almohads in the Battle of Las Navas de Tolosa in 1212, an event which marked the arrival of a

    • Sancho III of Castile

      Sancho III (c. 1134 – 31 August 1158), called the Desired...

    • Henry I

      Henry I of Castile (14 April 1204 – 6 June 1217) was king of...

    • Blanche of Navarre

      Blanca (Basque: Blanka Garzeitz, Spanish: Blanca Garcés;...

    • Berengaria

      Berengaria (Castilian: Berenguela; nicknamed the Great...

  2. Alfonso VI of León and Castile - Wikipediaón_and...

    Alfonso VI of León and Castile From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Alfonso VI (c. 1040/1041 – 1 July 1109), nicknamed the Brave (El Bravo) or the Valiant, was king of León (1065–1072) and of Galicia (1071–1109), and then king of the reunited Castile and León (1072–1109).

  3. Alfonso VII of León and Castile - Wikipediaón_and...
    • Overview
    • Succession to three kingdoms
    • Imperial rule
    • Legacy
    • Family

    Alfonso VII, called the Emperor, became the King of Galicia in 1111 and King of León and Castile in 1126. Alfonso, born Alfonso Raimúndez, first used the title Emperor of All Spain, alongside his mother Urraca, once she vested him with the direct rule of Toledo in 1116. Alfonso later held another investiture in 1135 in a grand ceremony reasserting his claims to the imperial title. He was the son of Urraca of León and Raymond of Burgundy, the first of the House of Ivrea to rule in the...

    In 1111, Diego Gelmírez, Bishop of Compostela and the count of Traba, crowned and anointed Alfonso King of Galicia in the cathedral of Santiago de Compostela. He was a child, but his mother had succeeded to the united throne of León-Castile-Galicia and desired to assure her son's prospects and groom him for his eventual succession. By 1125 he had inherited the formerly Muslim Kingdom of Toledo. On 10 March 1126, after the death of his mother, he was crowned in León and immediately began ...

    A vague tradition had always assigned the title of emperor to the sovereign who held León. Sancho the Great considered the city the imperiale culmen and minted coins with the inscription Imperator totius Hispaniae after being crowned in it. Such a sovereign was considered the most direct representative of the Visigothic kings, who had been themselves the representatives of the Roman Empire. But though appearing in charters, and claimed by Alfonso VI of León and Alfonso the Battler, the ...

    Alfonso was at once a patron of the church and a protector, though not a supporter of, the Muslims, who were a minority of his subjects. His reign ended in an unsuccessful campaign against the rising power of the Almohads. Though he was not actually defeated, his death in the pass, while on his way back to Toledo, occurred in circumstances which showed that no man could be what he claimed to be — "king of the men of the two religions." Furthermore, by dividing his realm between his sons ...

    In November 1128, he married Berenguela, daughter of Ramon Berenguer III, Count of Barcelona. She died in 1149. Their children were: 1. Ramón, living 1136, died in childhood 2. Sancho III of Castile 3. Ferdinand II of León 4. Constance, married Louis VII of France 5. Sancha, married Sancho VI of Navarre 6. García 7. Alfonso In 1152, Alfonso married Richeza of Poland, the daughter of Ladislaus II the Exile. They had: Ferdinand, possibly named like his older brother because he was never ...

    • 1126 – 1157
    • Urraca
  4. Al­fonso VIII (11 No­vem­ber 1155 – 5 Oc­to­ber 1214), called the Noble (El Noble) or the one of the Navas (el de las Navas), was the King of Castile from 1158 to his death and King of Toledo. He is most re­mem­bered for his part in the Re­con­quista and the down­fall of the Al­mo­had Caliphate.

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  6. Alfonso al VIII-lea al Castiliei - Wikipedia

    Alfonso al VIII-lea al Castiliei Alfonso al VIII-lea (n. 11 noiembrie 1155, Soria - d. 5 octombrie 1214, Gutierre-Muñoz), supranumit cel Nobil sau el de las Navas a fost un rege al Castiliei din 1158 (de la trei ani) până la moarte sa și rege în Toledo.

  7. Eleanor of England, Queen of Castile - Wikipedia,_Queen...

    In 1170 Eleanor married King Alfonso VIII of Castile in Burgos. Her parents' purpose in arranging the marriage was to secure Aquitaine's Pyrenean border, while Alfonso was seeking an ally in his struggles with Sancho VI of Navarre. In 1177, this led to Henry overseeing arbitration of the border dispute.

  8. Alfonso of Molina - Wikipedia

    Alfonso of León, Lord of Molina (1202 – 6 January 1272) was an infante (prince) of León and Castile, the son of King Alfonso IX of León and his second wife Queen Berengaria of Castile. He was the brother of King Ferdinand III of Castile and León , and father of Queen Maria of Molina , wife of King Sancho IV .

  9. Alfonso XI of Castile - Wikipedia

    Alfonso XI, called the Avenger, was the king of Castile, León and Galicia. He was the son of Ferdinand IV of Castile and his wife Constance of Portugal. Upon his father's death in 1312, several disputes ensued over who would hold regency, which were resolved in 1313. Once Alfonso was declared adult in 1325, he began a reign that would serve to strengthen royal power. His achievements include the victory in the Battle of Río Salado over Granadans and Marinids and the Castilian control over ...

  10. Alfonso X of Castile - Wikipedia

    In the same year Alfonso's half-sister, Eleanor, married Henry's son Edward: with this act Alfonso renounced forever all claim to the Duchy of Gascony, to which Castile had been a pretender since the marriage of Alfonso VIII of Castile with Eleanor of England.

  11. Alfonso IX of León - Wikipediaón

    After Alfonso VIII of Castile was defeated at the Battle of Alarcos, Alfonso IX invaded Castile with the aid of Muslim troops. He was summarily excommunicated by Pope Celestine III. In 1197, Alfonso IX married his first cousin once removed, Berengaria of Castile, to cement peace between León and Castile.