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The Alhambra integrates natural site qualities with constructed structures and gardens, and is a testament to Moorish culture in Spain and the skills of Muslim, Jewish, and Christian artisans, craftsmen, and builders of their era.
Granada is one of the most charming cities in Spain. Thousands of tourists come to it every year to get to know it through the streets of its traditional neighborhoods. The main enclaves and monuments create a fascinating halo which captivates anyone who comes to visit it. From Alhambra.org we invite you to spend a weekend in Granada.
Alhambra, palace and fortress of the Moorish monarchs of Granada, Spain. It was constructed on a plateau that overlooks the city, built chiefly between 1238 and 1358. After the expulsion of the Moors in 1492, it was partially effaced and portions were rebuilt in Renaissance style.
- UNESCO World Heritage Site
- The Alhambra Complex
- Who Built The Alhambra?
- Early Alhambra Development
- End of Islamic Rule
- Alhambra Today
In 1984, the Alhambra was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site along with two other related sites: the Albaicín (or Albayzín) and the Generalife Garden.The Alhambra is located west of the city of Granada on the Sabika hill—a strategic vantage point that provides views of the whole city of Granada and the plain (vega) of Granada.The complex is irregular in shape and surrounded by defensive walls. In all, the Alhambra spans nearly 26 acres, with more than a mile of walls, 30 towers and numer...
During its prime, the Alhambra had three main sections: The Alcazaba, a military base that housed guards and their families; the palatial zone, which contained several palaces for the sultan and his kin; and the Medina, a quarter where court officials lived and worked.The Nasrid palaces were divided into three independent areas. These areas included the Mexuar, a semipublic part of the palace (for justice administration and state affairs); the Comares Palace, the official residence of the sul...
The oldest part of the Alhambra is the Alcazaba, a fortress with multiple towers. Though the Nasrid dynasty fortified the Alcazaba and used it as a military base for the royal guard of the sultan, experts believe the structure was built before Muslims arrived to Granada.The first historical records of the Alcazaba (and the greater Alhambra) date to the 9th century. They refer to a man named Sawwar ben Hamdun who had sought refuge in the Alcazaba fortress due to civil fights between Muslims an...
The Alhambra wasn’t the construction project of a single ruler, but rather the work of successive rulers of the Nasrid dynasty.Mohammed I laid the foundations for Alhambra by fortifying the royal site. He reinforced the Sabika Alcazaba by constructing three new towers: The Broken Tower, the Keep, and the Watch Tower.He also canalized water from the Darro River, further allowing him to establish a royal residence at the Alcazaba. Mohammed I built warehouses or halls for soldiers and younger gu...
In 1492, King Ferdinand of Aragon and Queen Isabella of Castile conquered Granada, unifying Spain under a Catholic monarchy and ending centuries of Islamic rule (they exiled the last Nasrid ruler, Muhammad XII, known as Boabdil to Spanish historians).The Alhambra soon underwent many changes.Charles V, who ruled Spain as Charles I, ordered the destruction of part of the complex to build a Renaissance-style palace for himself, called the Charles V Palace. He built other structures as well, incl...
In 1829, American author Washington Irving took up residence at the Alhambra. He wrote and published Tales of the Alhambra, a collection of essays and stories about the palatial city.In 2009, on the 150th anniversary of Irving’s death, managers of the Alhambra erected a statue of the writer in a park outside of the palace to commemorate his role in introducing Western audiences to the historical site and Spain’s Islamic history.The Alhambra remains one of the most beautiful historical sites i...
Alhambra Historical introduction; AlhambraDeGranada.org.The Alcazaba; AlhambraDeGranada.org.Generalife; AlhambraDeGranada.org.Alhambra Brief History; Board of the Alhambra and Generalife.The Alhambra; Khan Academy.Alhambra, Generalife and Albayzín, Granada; UNESCO.Tales of the Alhambra; The Atlantic.The Art of the Nasrid Period (1232–1492); MET Museum.Alhambra Setting; Board of the Alhambra and Generalife.
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- Calle Real de la Alhambra, s/n Palacio de Carlos V, Granada, 18009, Andalucia
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The Alhambra's stunning centrepiece, the palace complex known as the Palacios Nazaríes, was originally divided into three sections: the Mexuar, a chamber for administrative and public business; the Palacio de Comares, the emir's official and private residence; and the Palacio de los Leones, a private area for the royal family and harem.
- Granada, Granada Province
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The Alhambra was so called because of its reddish walls (in Arabic, («qa'lat al-Hamra'» means Red Castle). It is located on top of the hill al-Sabika, on the left bank of the river Darro, to the west of the city of Granada and in front of the neighbourhoods of the Albaicin and of the Alcazaba
The Alhambra. This is the currently selected item. Mimar Sinan, Mosque of Selim II, Edirne. Next lesson. Renaissance Art in Europe. Sort by: Top Voted. Pyxis of al ...
May 29, 2016 · The Alhambra is one of the sites visited by MC Escher during his younger years. Escher sketched some of the patterns he saw at the Alhambra, and further sketches of his from Cordoba are also well-known. The Alhambra is a large palace and one can visit the gardens as well as the palace grounds.