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  1. Baden-Württemberg - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Baden-Württemberg

    Baden-Württemberg (/ ˌ b ɑː d ən ˈ v ɜːr t ə m b ɜːr ɡ /; German: [ˌbaːdn̩ ˈvʏʁtəmbɛʁk] ) is a German state (Land) in Southwest Germany, east of the Rhine, which forms the southern part of Germany's western border with France.

    • History

      Baden-Württemberg is formed from the historical territories...

    • Geography

      Baden-Württemberg shares borders with the German states of...

    • Government

      The state parliament of Baden-Württemberg is the Landtag. 1....

    • Economy

      Baden-Württemberg is a popular holiday destination. Main...

    • Education

      Baden-Württemberg is home to some of the oldest, most...

    • Stuttgart

      Stuttgart (German: [ˈʃtʊtɡaʁt] (); Swabian: Schduagert...

  2. Baden-Württemberg – Wikipedia

    de.wikipedia.org › wiki › Baden-Württemberg

    Baden-Württemberg [ˌbaːdn̩ˈvʏrtəmbɛrk] (Abkürzung BW; amtlich Land Baden-Württemberg) ist eine parlamentarische Republik und ein teilsouveräner Gliedstaat im Südwesten der Bundesrepublik Deutschland.

    • 35.751,46 km²
    • Deutsch
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  4. History of Baden-Württemberg - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › History_of_Baden-Württemberg
    • Overview
    • Celts, Romans and Alemani
    • Duchy of Swabia
    • Hohenstaufen, Welf and Zähringen
    • Further Austria and the Palatinate
    • Baden and Württemberg before the Reformation

    The history of Baden-Württemberg covers the area included in the historical state of Baden, the former Prussian Hohenzollern, and Württemberg, part of the region of Swabia since the 9th century. In the 1st century AD, Württemberg was occupied by the Romans, who defended their control of the territory by constructing a limes. Early in the 3rd century, the Alemanni drove the Romans beyond the Rhine and the Danube, but they in turn succumbed to the Franks under Clovis I, the decisive battle...

    The origin of the name "Württemberg" remains obscure. Scholars have universally rejected the once-popular derivation from "Wirth am Berg". Some authorities derive it from a proper name: "Wiruto" or "Wirtino," others from a Celtic place-name, "Virolunum" or "Verdunum". In any event, from serving as the name of a castle near the Stuttgart city district of Rotenberg, the name extended over the surrounding country and, as the lords of this district increased their possessions, so the name ...

    The Duchy of Swabia is to a large degree comparable to the territory of the Alemanni. The Suevi belonged to the tribe of the Alemanni, reshaped in the 3rd century. The name of Swabia is also derived from them. From the 9th century on, in place of the area designation "Alemania," came the name "Schwaben". Swabia was one of the five stem duchies of the medieval Kingdom of the East Franks, and its dukes were thus among the most powerful magnates of Germany. The most notable family to hold Swabia we

    Three of the noble families of the southwest attained a special importance: the Hohenstaufen, the Welf and the Zähringen. The most successful appear from the view of that time to be the Hohenstaufen, who, as dukes of Swabia from 1079 and as Frankish kings and emperors from 1138 to 1268, attained the greatest influence in Swabia. During the Middle Ages, various counts ruled the territory that now forms Baden, among whom the counts and duchy of Zähringen figure prominently. In 1112, Hermann ...

    Other than the Margraviate of Baden and the Duchy of Württemberg, Further Austria and the Palatinate lay on the edge of the southwestern area. Further Austria was the collective name for the old possessions of the Habsburgs in south-western Germany, the Alsace, and in Vorarlberg after the focus of the Habsburgs had moved to Austria. Further Austria comprised the Sundgau and the Breisgau east of the Rhine and included some scattered territories throughout Swabia, the largest being the margravate

    The lords of Württemberg were first named in 1092. Supposedly a Lord of Virdeberg by Luxembourg had married an heiress of the lords of Beutelsbach. The new Wirtemberg Castle was the central point of a rule that extended from the Neckar and Rems valleys in all directions over the centuries. The family of Baden-Baden was very successful in increasing the area of its holdings, which after several divisions were united by the margrave Bernard I in 1391. Bernard, a soldier of some renown ...

  5. Baden-Württemberg - Simple English Wikipedia, the free ...

    simple.wikipedia.org › wiki › Baden-Württemberg
    • History
    • Politics
    • Tourism
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    • Other Websites

    In 1952, the three states of Baden, Württemberg-Baden and Württemberg-Hohenzollernjoined together to found Baden-Württemberg.

    The Minister President is the chief of the governmentof Baden-Württemberg. The government is made up of ministers and state secretaries. The CDU was the main political party in the state between 1953-2011, the Ministers President have all been members of the CDU. Between the years 1972 and 1992, the members of the Landtag of Baden-Württemberg were mostly members of the CDU. But the state is also a stronghold of the "Grünen" which were founded in the early 1980s in Karlsruhe. The electionresults of the Grünen in Baden-Württemberg have always been above the election average for the party in Germany. Since 2016 there have been 5 parties represented in the Landtagof Baden-Württemberg: 1. Greens 2. Christian Democratic Union(CDU) 3. Alternative for Germany(AfD) 4. Social Democratic Party(SPD) 5. Free Democratic Party(FDP/DVP) List of Ministers President since 1952:

    The Black forest, the Swabian Alb and the Lake Constance are world famous holiday regions. The highest mountain is the Feldberg(1492m). Other important cities for tourism in Baden-Württemberg besides the capital city of Stuttgart are: Freiburg, Heidelberg, Rastatt, Karlsruhe, Mannheim, Ulm, Ravensburg and Heilbronn. The Danube, the Neckar and the Rhine are important riverswhich are in the state.

    Baden-Württemberg has the third largest economy in Germany after the economies of North Rhine-Westphalia and Bavaria. It had a gross regional product(GRP) of €524.33 billion in 2019.

    In the northern part of Württemberg and the Kurpfalzthe majority are Protestants. But the other parts of the state, especially the south, the majority are Roman Catholics. Statistics for Baden-Württemberg:

    Football is the most popular sport in Baden-Württemberg. The best clubs are the VfB Stuttgart and the Karlsruher SC(Karlsruher SC or KSC). Another popular sport is handball.

    • 35,751.46 km² (13,803.72 sq mi)
    • Germany
  6. Baden-Württemberg - Wikipedia

    sco.m.wikipedia.org › wiki › Baden-Württemberg

    Baden-Württemberg (German pronunciation: [ˈbaːdən ˈvʏɐ̯təmˌbɛɐ̯k]) is ane o the 16 states o Germany. Baden-Württemberg is in the soothwastren pairt o the kintra tae the east o the Upper Rhine , an is the third lairgest in baith aurie an population o Germany's saxteen states, wi an aurie o 35,742 square kilometres (13,800 sq mi) an 10.7 million indwallers. [3]

  7. Baden-Württemberg - Wikipedia

    nl.wikipedia.org › wiki › Baden-Württemberg
    • Geografie
    • Geschiedenis
    • Bestuurlijke Indeling
    • Politiek

    Baden-Württemberg grenst in het zuiden aan Zwitserland en het Bodenmeer, in het westen aan Frankrijk, in het noorden aan de Duitse deelstaten Rijnland-Palts en Hessen, en in het oosten aan de Duitse deelstaat Beieren. De west- en zuidgrens wordt gevormd door de Rijn. De hoofdstad Stuttgart ligt aan de Neckar. In het zuidwesten ligt het Zwarte Woud, van het zuiden naar het noordoosten ligt de Schwäbische Alb.

    Baden-Württemberg bestaat uit de voormalige landen Baden en Württemberg en uit een voormalige exclave van Pruisen, de Hohenzollerische Lande. Al in 1918/1919 waren er pogingen deze drie gebieden tot één deelstaat te verenigen. Na de Tweede Wereldoorlog behoorden Noord-Baden en Noord-Württemberg tot de Amerikaanse bezettingszone en het zuiden met Hohenzollern tot de Franse bezettingszone. De Amerikanen stichtten in 1945 op hun gebied de nieuwe deelstaat Württemberg-Baden met als hoofdstad Stuttgart. De Fransen maakten van Zuid-Baden een nieuwe, verkleinde deelstaat Baden (hoofdstad: Freiburg im Breisgau) en uit Zuid-Württemberg en Hohenzollern de deelstaat Württemberg-Hohenzollern (hoofdstad: Tübingen). Pogingen deze deelstaten te verenigen mislukten aanvankelijk door verzet van (Zuid-)Baden, maar na een referendum werd de vereniging tot Baden-Württemberg in 1952 alsnog een feit.

    Baden-Württemberg is onderverdeeld in vier Regierungsbezirke (bestuurlijke regio's), die samen weer onderverdeeld zijn in 35 Landkreise en negen Stadtkreise.

    Algemeen

    In het land Baden-Württemberg is de christelijk-conservatieve richting, vertegenwoordigd door de CDU traditioneel de grootste politiek kracht. De CDU is steeds de grootste partij geweest, en haalde bij alle verkiezingen tussen 1972 en 1992 de absolute meerderheid in de landdag.Ook de progressief-liberale richting, vertegenwoordigd door de FDP (die hier onder de naam FDP/Demokratische Volkspartei (DVP) optreedt) is hier sterk aanwezig en haalt in Baden-Württemberg in het algemeen goede resulta...

  8. Baden-Württemberg – Wikipedia

    sv.wikipedia.org › wiki › Baden-Württemberg
    • Näringsliv
    • Politik
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    • Sevärdheter
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    • Externa länkar

    Baden-Württemberg är tillsammans med granndelstaten Bayern Tysklands klart starkaste delstat ekonomiskt. Baden-Württemberg har en klart högre tillväxt än övriga Tyskland och räknas in i den europeiska tillväxtbananen. Baden-Württemberg är en av de fyra regionerna som ingår i samarbetet The Four Motors of Europe tillsammans med Lombardiet, Katalonien och Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes. I delstaten finns flera storföretag, bl.a. Daimler, Porsche, Audi och Robert Bosch GmbH inom fordonsindustrin. Andra kända företag är exempelvis Kärcher, Schlecker, Liebherr, Lidl, Ravensburger och Heidelberger Druckmaschinen. I Schwarzwald var tidigare finmekanik med urindustrin och senare elektronikindustrin viktig med företag som Junghans och SABA. Textilindustrin var tidigare viktig i Schwäbische Alb, här finns fortfarande viktiga företag som Hugo Boss, Trigema och Steiff. Delstaten satsar varje år stora summor på vetenskap och utveckling. Inom high-tech finns bland annat Europas största mjukvarutillverkare...

    Sedan 2011 leds Baden-Württemberg av de gröna (tyska die Grüne) av ministerpresident Winfried Kretschmann. Traditionellt sett är Baden-Württemberg konservativt med CDU som det ledande partiet. Mellan 1953 och 2011 tillhörde ministerpresidenten CDU. Samtidigt har liberala FDP ett av sina starkaste fästen i delstaten. Från 1980-talet har Bündnis 90/Die Grünen växt sig starkt. Regeringsmakten har innehafts av CDU men tidvis har koalitioner ägt rum med FDP och SPD. CDU har haft absolut majoritet ett flertal gånger, vid alla val 1972-1992. 1968-1972 satt NPD i lantdagen och under 1990-talet Die Republikaner. 2011 förlorade CDU posten som ministerpresident till Die Grünen.

    Baden-Württemberg är delad i fyra Regierungsbezirk. Hela förbundslandet delas dessutom i 35 distrikt (Landkreise) och 9 distriktfria städer (här med beteckning Stadtkreise).

    Lewis, Derek; Zitzlsperger Ulrike (2016) (på engelska). Historical dictionary of contemporary Germany. Historical dictionaries of Europe (2nd ed.). Lanham, Md.: Rowman & Littlefield. Libris 1996011...

    Wikimedia Commons har media som rör Baden-Württemberg.Bilder & media
    • 10 673 000 (2014-06-30)
    • 35 751,46 km² (3:e)
  9. Baden-Württemberg – Wikipedia

    no.wikipedia.org › wiki › Baden-Württemberg
    • Politikk Og Administrasjon
    • Geografi
    • Severdigheter
    • Eksterne Lenker

    Politisk system

    Baden-Württemberg er en parlamentariskrepublikk og delstat i Forbundsrepublikken Tyskland.

    Regjering

    Ministerpresidenten er valgt av landdagen. Regjeringen er avhengig av tillit i parlamentet.

    Ministerpresidenter i Baden-Württemberg

    1. 1952–1953: Reinhold Maier(FDP/DVP) 2. 1953–1958: Gebhard Müller(CDU) 3. 1958–1966: Kurt Georg Kiesinger(CDU) 4. 1966–1978: Hans Karl Filbinger(CDU) 5. 1978–1991: Lothar Späth(CDU) 6. 1991–2005: Erwin Teufel(CDU) 7. 2005–2010: Günther Oettinger(CDU) 8. 2010–2011: Stefan Mappus(CDU) 9. siden 2011: Winfried Kretschmann(Bündnis90/Die Grünen)

    Større byer i Baden-Württemberg

    1. Aalen 2. Backnang 3. Crailsheim 4. Esslingen am Neckar 5. Freiburg 6. Friedrichshafen 7. Heidelberg 8. Heilbronn 9. Horb am Neckar 10. Karlsruhe 11. Konstanz 12. Mannheim 13. Neckarsulm 14. Pforzheim 15. Ravensburg 16. Reutlingen 17. Stuttgart 18. Tübingen 19. Ulm

    Neues Schloss i Stuttgart
    Kirketårnet i Ulm
    (de) Offisielt nettsted
    (en) Baden-Württemberg – kategori av bilder, video eller lyd på Commons
    (en) Baden-Württemberg – galleri av bilder, video eller lyd på Commons
  10. Baden-Württemberg - Wikipedia

    it.wikipedia.org › wiki › Baden-Württemberg
    • Geografia Fisica
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    Lo stato confina con la Svizzera (cantoni Basilea Città, Basilea Campagna, Argovia, Zurigo, Sciaffusa e Turgovia) a sud, la Francia (Alsazia) a ovest, e con gli stati tedeschi di Renania-Palatinato a ovest, Assia a nord e Baviera a est. Le sue città principali comprendono Stoccarda (Stuttgart), Mannheim, Karlsruhe, Friburgo (Freiburg im Breisgau), Heidelberg, Heilbronn, Ulma (Ulm), Tubinga (Tübingen), Pforzheim e Reutlingen. Il Reno traccia il confine occidentale e gran parte di quello meridionale. A est del Reno si trova la Foresta Nera (Schwarzwald), la principale catena montuosa dello stato. A sud il Baden-Württemberg condivide con la Svizzera i piedi delle Alpi e il lago di Costanza (Bodensee). La sorgente del Danubiosi trova in questo stato. Il massiccio del Giura, Schwäbische Alb in tedesco, si estende dal lago di Costanza occidentale attraverso il Baden-Württemberg fino al Nördlinger Ries lungo una fascia di territorio lunga circa 220 km e larga 50 km. Venendo da nord il Giur...

    Le prime testimonianze dell'uomo in questa regione sono molto remote nel tempo, essendo stati rinvenuti sia scheletri di uomini di Neanderthalche Sapiens: tuttavia, è in una zona del Giura Svevo che sono stati rinvenuti alcuni tra i più antichi manufatti umani (piccole sculture e flauti) mai rinvenuti, risalenti a circa 40 000 anni fa. Dopo l'avvento dell'agricoltura (9 000 anni fa) con la fine dell'era glaciale, la popolazione divenne stanziale e vide l'avvicendarsi di varie popolazioni, celtiche e germaniche, che hanno lasciato molte testimonianze materiali di una civiltà che disponeva di una tecnologia e società avanzata. La zona meridionale della regione conobbe, infine, la dominazione romana: la zona di influenza romana era delimitata dal Limes, un confine fortificato che cambiò più volte la sua posizione e le cui tracce sono in alcune zone visibili ancora oggi. In epoca romana la regione, chiamata Agri Decumates, faceva parte della provincia Germania superiore, confinante a es...

    Nel 2019 il 32,3% degli abitanti dichiarava di appartenere alla Chiesa cattolica e il 27,7% alla Chiesa evangelica in Germania.

    Il Baden-Württemberg ha una economia ricca e moderna, la terza in Germania per contributo al prodotto interno lordo, e il suo reddito pro capite supera del 29 per cento la media europea. Insieme a Lombardia, Catalogna e Rhône-Alpes è uno dei cosiddetti "quattro motori dell'Europa", e costituisce una forza economica trainante per il resto dell'Unione europea (come del resto, anche la vicina Baviera). Molte sue aziende sono di dimensioni medie e piccole, ma anche molto innovative e con un'ampia gamma di produzioni. Vi è una modesta attività agricola e mineraria (piombo, zinco, ferro, argento, rame, sali) nei centri più piccoli, ma il reddito è fornito in gran parte dall'industria e dai servizi. Nel 2003 la regione contava 8 800 imprese industriali con più di 20 dipendenti, e solo 384 di queste avevano almeno cinquecento addetti. Le aziende maggiori occupano il 43% dei 1.2 milioni di dipendenti dall'industria, e producono quasi un terzo del reddito locale. Il Baden-Württemberg fornisce...

    Il Baden-Württemberg è diviso in 35 circondari (Landkreise), raggruppati in quattro distretti governativi (Regierungsbezirke): Friburgo (Freiburg im Breisgau), Karlsruhe, Stoccarda (Stuttgart), Tubinga. Map Ci sono, inoltre, nove città extracircondariali, che non appartengono ad alcun circondario:

    Wikimedia Commons contiene immagini o altri file su Baden-Württemberg
    Wikivoyage contiene informazioni turistiche su Baden-Württemberg
    (DE) Sito ufficiale, su baden-wuerttemberg.de.
    Baden-Württemberg, su sapere.it, De Agostini.
    (IT, DE, FR) Baden-Württemberg, su hls-dhs-dss.ch, Dizionario storico della Svizzera.
    (EN) Baden-Württemberg, su Enciclopedia Britannica, Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc.
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