The Bangladesh Liberation War ( Bengali: মুক্তিযুদ্ধ, pronounced [mukt̪iɟud̪d̪ʱo] ), also known as the Bangladesh War of Independence, or simply the Liberation War in Bangladesh, was a revolution and armed conflict sparked by the rise of the Bengali nationalist and self-determination movement in what was then East Pakistan during the 1971 Bangladesh genocide.
- 26 March – 16 December 1971
- Indian–Bangladeshi victory, Surrender of Pakistani forces
- Predominantly:, East Pakistan (present-day Bangladesh), Spillover:, Eastern Front:, India–East Pakistan border, India–East Pakistan enclaves, parts of East and Northeast India, Western Front:, India–West Pakistan border, Line of Control (Kashmir), Zero Point, Indian Ocean:, Bay of Bengal (Eastern Front), Arabian Sea (Western Front)
- East Pakistan secedes from Pakistan as the People's Republic of Bangladesh
The Bangladesh Liberation War started on 26 March 1971 and ended on 16 December 1971. Some of the major events of the war are listed in the timeline below. Contents
The Bangladesh Liberation War (Bengali: মুক্তিযুদ্ধ Muktijuddho) was a revolutionary war for independence that happened in 1971. It started the republic of Bangladesh. The war was between East Pakistan (later with India) and West Pakistan. It lasted nine months. There were large-scale atrocities.
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Following the partition of India and the creation of Pakistan the East and West wings were not only separated geographically, but also culturally. The authorities of the West viewed the Bengali Muslim in the East as "too Bengali" and their application of Islam as "inferior and impure", and this made them unreliable. To this extent the West began a strategy to forcibly assimilate the Bengalis culturally. The Bengalis of East Pakistan were chiefly Muslim, but their numbers were interspersed with a significant Hindu minority. Very few spoke Urdu, which in 1948 had been declared the national language of Pakistan. To express their opposition, activists in East Pakistan founded the Bengali language movement. Earlier, in 1949, other activists had founded the Awami League as an alternative to the ruling Muslim League in West Pakistan. In the next decade and half, Bengalis became gradually disenchanted with the balance of power in Pakistan, which was under military rule during much of this t...
The attacks were led by General Tikka Khan, who was the architect of Operation Searchlight and was given the name the "butcher of Bengal" by the Bengalis for his actions. Khan said—when reminded on 27 March 1971 that he was in charge of a majority province—"I will reduce this majority to a minority". Bina D'Costa believes an anecdote used by Khan is significant, in that it provides proof of the mass rapes being a deliberate strategy. In Jessore, while speaking with a group of journalists Khan was reported to have said, "Pehle inko Mussalman karo" (First, make them Muslim). D'Costa argues that this shows that in the highest echelons of the armed forces the Bengalis were perceived as being disloyal Muslims and unpatriotic Pakistanis. Jessica Lee Rehman calls rape in 1971 an instance of religious terrorism. She said "The Pakistan Army is an Islamic institution, its soldiers are warriors of God and ...they rape in God's name. Therefore the raping of girls and women, the forced bodily tr...
The Pakistani Army and its allies mostly raped Hindu women. The Pakistani elite believed that Hindus were behind the revolt and that as soon as there was a solution to the "Hindu problem" the conflict would resolve. For Pakistanis, the violence against Hindus was a strategic policy. Pakistan army wanted Hindus excluded from East Pakistani fabric yet the Pakistani soldiers targeted Hindu women for rape. Muslim Pakistani men believed the sacrifice of Hindu women was needed to fix the national malaise.Anecdotal evidence suggests that Imams and Mullahs supported the rapes by the Pakistani Army and issued fatwas declaring the women war booty. A fatwa from West Pakistan during the war asserted that women taken from Bengali Hindus could be considered war booty. The mostly Punjabi soldiers hated anything to do with Hinduism. The extreme hatred Pakistanis felt towards Hindus could be seen in their especially brutal violence against Hindus as the Pakistani Army and its local allies raped and...
In the immediate aftermath of the war, one pressing problem was the very high number of unwanted pregnancies of rape victims. Estimates of the number of pregnancies resulting in births range from 25,000 to the Bangladeshi government's figure of 70,000, while one publication by the Centre for Reproductive Law and Policy gave a total of 250,000. A government-mandated victim relief programme was set up with the support of the World Health Organization and International Planned Parenthood Federation, among whose goals it was to organise abortion facilities to help rape victims terminate unwanted pregnancies. A doctor at a rehabilitation centre in Dhaka reported 170,000 abortions of pregnancies caused by the rapes, and the births of 30,000 war babies during the first three months of 1972. Dr. Geoffrey Davis, an Australian doctor and abortion specialist who worked for the programme, estimated that there had been about 5,000 cases of self-induced abortions. He also said that during his wor...
A photograph taken during the conflict of a woman who had been assaulted featured in an exhibition in London. Titled Shamed Woman, but also called Brave Woman, the image was taken by a Bangladeshi photographer, Naib Uddin Ahmed. The image is considered by John Tulloch to be as "classical a pose as any Madonna and Child".One of the more emotive photographs at the exhibition, the woman has her hands clenched, her face completely covered by her hair. Tulloch describes the image as having the "Capability to reveal or suggest what is unsayable". Orunodoyer Ognishakhi (Pledge to a New Dawn), the first film about the war, was screened in 1972 on the first Bangladeshi Independence Day celebration. It draws on the experiences of an actor called Altaf. While trying to reach safe haven in Calcutta, he encounters women who have been raped. The images of these birangona, stripped and vacant-eyed from the trauma, are used as testimony to the assault. Other victims Altaf meets are shown committing...
- Extended-confirmed-protected edit request on 12 January 2021
- Requested move 15 January 2021
- Extended-confirmed-protected edit request on 15 February 2021
- Extended-confirmed-protected edit request on 18 March 2021
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Should it be added in title lind that, also called fall of Dhaka/Dacca. 184.108.40.206 03:40, 12 January 2021 220.127.116.11 03:40, 12 January 2021 Not done: please provide reliable sources that support the change you want to be made. Seagull123 Φ 22:49, 12 January 2021 @Seagull123: here they are, 18.104.22.168 10:50, 13 January 2021
The result of the move request was: Page not moved, due to suspected WP:SOCKs. Anyone non-socks are free to re-list it, if they wish. Lugnuts Fire Walk with Me 17:56, 18 January 2021 Bangladesh Liberation War → Bangladesh War of Independence – The title is of neutral, non-emotional and universal point of view and there are lot of reliable established independent sources about that: 22.214.171.124 17:46, 15 January 2021 1. This is a contested technical request. BegbertBiggs 18:46, 15 ...
I promise that I’ll here by never vandalise another page on Wikipedia. 1. What edit do you wish to make?Slatersteven 11:53, 15 February 2021 2. Not done: it's not clear what changes you want to be made. Please mention the specific changes in a "change X to Y" format and provide a reliable source if appropriate. () 21:29, 15 February 2021
ccvvvvvxxv Not done: it's not clear what changes you want to be made. Please mention the specific changes in a "change X to Y" format and provide a reliable source if appropriate. ~ Aseleste 06:38, 18 March 2021
During the Bangladesh War of Independence, the Bangladesh Forces were divided in the geographical area of Bangladesh into eleven divisions designated as sectors. Each sector had a sector commander I.e. Division Commanders who directed the military operation further coordinated through several sub-sectors under sub-sector commanders who fought along with their troops and civilian resistance fighters. Most of the Sector Commanders and quite a number of sub-sector commanders remained in security unSectorAreaSector CommanderSub Sectors (Commanders)1Chittagong District, Chittagong Hill ...• Maj Ziaur Rahman (March 26, 1971 – May ...Rishimukh (Captain Shamsul Islam);2Districts of Dhaka, Comilla, and ...• Major Khaled Mosharraf (April 10, 1971 ...Gangasagar, Akhaura and Kasba (Mahbub, ...3Area between Churaman Kathi (near ...• Major K. M. Shafiullah (April 10, 1971 ...Asrambari (Captain Aziz, Captain Ejaz);4Area from Habiganj District on the north ...• Major Chitta Ranjan Dutta (April 10, ...Jalalpur (Mahbubur Rob Sadi); Barapunji ...
May 07, 2021 · The Bangladesh Liberation War (Bengali: মুক্তিযুদ্ধ Muktijuddho), also known as the Bangladesh War of Independence, or simply the Liberation War in Bangladesh, was a revolution and armed conflict sparked by the rise of the Bengali nationalist and self-determination movement in what was then East Pakistan and the 1971 Bangladesh genocide.
- Installations and Bases
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The Bangladesh Air Force was officially formed on 28 September 1971 consisting of the revolting Bengali officers and airmen of the Pakistan Air Force at Dimapur of Nagaland, India and it was launched formally by flying three repaired vintage aircraft on 8 October 1971. BAF's initial personnel were Bengali members of the Pakistan Air Force who were stationed in East Pakistan at the outbreak of the war and who deserted to the Bangladeshi side. At that time, the embryo of Bangladesh Air Force BA...
After independence, the BAF received a significant donation from the former USSR. Among the aircraft delivered were ten single-seat Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-21MFs and two twin-seat Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-21UMs. Later China also supplied some equipment. Apart from the aircraft of Kilo Flight which were donated to India, most Pakistan Air Force aircraft grounded in Dhaka due to runway cratering by the Indian Air Force during the liberation war, were sabotaged before surrender. Many of these were also...
Covid-19 pandemic operations
Bangladesh Air Force was very active during Coronavirus pandemic . BAF provided emergency Medivac for many critical COVID-19 patients by their helicopters. BAF also evacuated immigrants, migrants workers and airlifted tons of relief materials for home and abroad by their C-130B and C-130Jcargo aircraft.
According to the Constitution of Bangladesh, President of Bangladesh act as the civilian commander-in-chief, and Chief of Air Staff (COAS), by statute a four-star air officer (air chief marshal), commands the Air Force.[failed verification] The Bangladesh Air Force is currently commanded by Air Marshal Masihuzzaman Serniabat, BBP, OSP, ndu, psc. The Bangladesh Air Force (BAF) has its headquarters at Dhaka Cantonment. HQ has 4 branches, Operations & Training (Ops. & Trng.), Administration (Admin.), Maintenance (Mte.) and Plannings (Plans).Each branch is headed by officers who are considered as principal staff officer (PSO) and known as assistant chief of air staff, e.g. ACAS (Ops & Trng). Under each PSO there are various directorates headed by directors of air commodore rank. Under each director there are deputy directors (DD) headed by group captain and staff officers (SO) with the rank of wing commander and below.BAF Base Bashar, DhakaBAF Base Bangabandhu, DhakaBAF Base Zahurul Haque, ChattogramBAF Base Matiur Rahman, Jashore
The BAF has an ongoing modernisation programme under Forces Goal 2030 to become a strong force to defend the sky of Bangladesh. To efficiently perform the increasing duties and responsibilities, the air force is being divided into two separate commands: Southern air command and Northern air command. A new air base is being set up under southern command at Barishal to ensure maritime security. A maritime air support operation centre (MASOC) will be set up under southern command.Another air base is under construction at Sylhet. On 29 October 2019, Italian company Leonardo announced that it has secured a contract to supply Kronos Land 3D AESAradar systems to the Bangladesh Air Force to provide air surveillance and detect and track targets in tactical environments. However, the number of radars ordered were not disclosed. In the third Bangladesh-UK strategic dialogue held in May 2019, two countries desired to further strengthen the defence ties between them. United Kingdomexpressed its...8 April 2008: Squadron Leader Morshed Hasan died when a Chengdu F-7crashed in Ghatail upazila of Tangail. The pilot ejected from the aircraft but was critically injured when its parachute malfuncti...20 December 2010: Squadron Leaders Ashraf Ibne Ahmed and Mahmudul Haque were killed as Bangladesh Air Force PT-6 aircraft crashed near Barisal Airport.8 April 2012: A pilot officer Shariful Haque died and a squadron leader Muhammad Mamunur Rashid was injured when a Aero L-39training aircraft crashed in Madhupur upazila of Tangail.13 May 2015: A Mi-17 helicopter on a training flight belonging to Bangladesh Air Force crash landed at the airport and caught fire. All three people on board sustained major injuries and were hospi...
- 16 December 1971
- 1971 History of Bangladesh
- Recognition of Bangladesh
- Bangladesh Independence Day 16th December
- Bangladesh Liberation War
December 16th is our great Victory Day. Bengali nation’s great victory day. This day is the most important and significant day in Bangladesh’s history. On this day in history, a new sovereign country was created on the map of the world; its name is Bangladesh. It was 47 years of victory. In 1971 we won victory by winning the war from Pakistani occupation force. Pakistan Military surrounded Bangladesh people on this day of 1971. So on this day all of us are very dear, happy days. Every year, this day goes around us. We celebrate Victory Day with thousands of events. On this Victory Day, many things are coming in our heart.
It said that the liberation war of Bangladesh started in 1947. In 1947, India divided into two countries named Pakistan and India. Until that day the British ruled us. After the defeat of Nawab Sirajuddaula of Bengal, the sun became independent of Bengal’s Sky. Since 1947, Pakistan’s part was being exploited by the Pakistani ruling party in many ways in East Pakistan. We started the movement for the Bengali language after 1947. At first, this movement was the first for protecting of mother language. Salam, Rafiq, Jabbar, in the language movement on February 21, 1952, proved that the state language is Bangla. After the language movement in 1952, the mass upsurge against Ayub Khan in 1969 made our independence struggle a step further. After the 69th mass upsurge, the parliamentary elections held in the ’70s. Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman took part in the six-point East Bengal people in the election. Under the leadership of Bangabandhu, Awami League achieved the majority in Pakista...
In 25th March 1971 Pakistani culprit attracted Bangladeshi people. Since then started liberation war, the war of independence. In 1971, only nine months since March 25, 1971, the Damal boys of Bengal came to take the country through the Liberation War with the independence of the country. With the help of the freedom fighters, with the support of Indian forces, our liberation struggle has been successful. Then the world started in a new country; its name is Bangladesh. In exchange for the lives of lakhs of martyrs, we were able to snatch our victory flag on December 16, 1971. We fought for the rescue of democracy. In exchange for our freedom comes. We got the map of an independent country. Democracy was released. Today our country has a sovereign parliament.
16th December is the day of Bangladesh independence. We fought for economic release in 19 71. Our freedom will be able to raise our heads high in the worlds financially. Victory Day reminds us of the history of our independence movement. Six-point program-based autonomy movement was very dynamic and public support from the very beginning — the six-point Bengali heart formed in such a way that one nation, one country, one leader is a movement. In today’s Victory Day, these history reminds us that the democracy limits the line. We could have given the status of the practice of democracy! Has the condition of our country increased in the country? It did not get. We have an independent judiciary department. The government has given the judiciary an opportunity to work independently. Now the need of the bench is to establish eligibility and transparency. Judgmentlessness to Come Out. The court will have to come forward to prove that the rule of law is equally and acceptable to all.
Love is the most beautiful feeling among human beings as it is. And the most intense love between the things that can love in this world is only for the motherland. There is no one unfortunate like those who never feel love for their motherland. Our poor country is our country of great love, big country of greatness. We are very grateful to those who have given us this independent country by giving life to us. And those anti-liberation, treacherous, war criminals trying to kill this sovereign state, there is unbearable hate for them. Today, as long as Bangladesh survives for one hundred years or thousands of years, people of this country will not forgive the anti-liberation, treacherous, war criminals. All the information Collect From Wikipedia. If any problem then comments below. Must Check 1. Victory Day Bangladesh 2. 21 February International Mother Language Day History
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