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  1. en.wikipedia.org › wiki › CaliforniaCalifornia - Wikipedia

    California is the third-largest state in the United States in area, after Alaska and Texas. California is often geographically bisected into two regions, Southern California, comprising the ten southernmost counties, and Northern California, comprising the 48 northernmost counties.

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    The geography of California varies depending on region. Southwestern California has small mountain ranges and the cities of San Diego and Los Angeles. Southeastern California has the Mojave Desert and Death Valley, the lowest place in the United States. The eastern part of the state has the highest point in the United States outside of Alaska: Mount Whitney, in the Sierra Nevadamountain range. The cities of Sacramento, Bakersfield, and Fresno are in the Central Valley. The valley has the Sierra Nevada to the east and the Pacific Coast Ranges to the west. It is California's single most productive agricultural region and one of the most productive in the world. It produces more than half the fruit, vegetables, and nuts grown in the United States. More than seven million acres (28,000 km2) of the valley are irrigated by an extensive system of reservoirs and canals. The west-central part of the state has some small mountains and the cities of San Francisco, San Jose, and Oakland. Northe...

    The state is a leader in three businesses: farming, movie-making, and high technology, mostly software and websites. Aerospaceused to be a large industry there, but it has been downsized in the last 20 years. California is very diverse. Today it has high numbers of Hispanic and Latino Americans, Asian Americans and Armenian Americans. There are many earthquakesin California. They happen when two tectonic plates (parts of the Earth's crust) shift underground. Californians need to be prepared for earthquakes and often store extra food, water, flashlights, and first aid supplies in case of such an emergency. California has more people than any other state in the United States. If California was a separate country, it would have the sixth largest economy in the world. California is probably the state with the most ethnic groups. It also has many different geographic features – mountains, deserts, and coasts. It is often called The Golden State. The state flower is the golden poppy. The...

    In 2019, Gavin Newsom became the governor of California. Before him, the governor was Jerry Brown. On November 4, 1992, Dianne Feinstein became one of California's United States senators. On January 3, 2017, Kamala Harrisbecame the other one. In the 2020 presidential election, California U.S. Senator Harris was elected as the first woman and person of color to be Vice President of the United States. In January 2021, Alex Padilla became the next U.S. Senator, replacing Harris, and became the first HispanicU.S. Senator from the state. California was more conservative during the 1960s and 1980s when its former governor, Ronald Reagan, ran for president as a Republican. Today, California is more liberal and less conservative.

    The people in Coastal California were Native Americans. In the past, the area that was called "California" was not just today's California. This area covered the Mexican lands south of it, as well as Nevada, Utah, and parts of Arizona and Wyoming. The Spanish called the part of the land that later became part of the United States Alta California (Upper California) when it was split from what became Baja California (Lower California). In these early times, the borders of the Sea of Cortez and the Pacific coast were not well known, so the old maps wrongly showed California to be an island. The name comes from Las sergas de Espladián(Adventures of Spladian), a 16th-century book by Garci Rodríguez de Montalvo, where there is an island paradise called California. The first European who visited parts of the coast, Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo, came from Portugal in 1542. The first European who saw the entire coast was Sir Francis Drake, in 1579, and he decided that the British owned it. But st...

    The economy of the State of California is the largest in the United States. It has a gross state product (GSP) of US$3.2 trillion as of 2019. It has many sectors. The most dominant are finance, business services, government and manufacturing. If California were a sovereign nation, according to 2019 statistics, it would rank as the world's fifth largest economy, lying between Germany and India. Over 10% of the Fortune 1000companies were based in California in 2018.

    In 1900, there were only a million people in California and 105,000 in Los Angeles. Today, California has more people than any other U.S. state. Starting in 1965, the variety of people became much greater as many different people from around the world came to the United States and often decided to live in California. California is thought to be a very liberal state, but there are still a lot of people who are Republicans and view Ronald Reagan as a hero. Technology is very advanced and many new cultural trends begin there. Engineering and computers play a big part in the state's life. For over a hundred years, film has been one of the most important businesses in California. By the 1950s, televisionhad also become an important business in California.

  2. The history of California can be divided into: the Native American period (about 10,000 years ago until 1542), the European exploration period (1542–1769), the Spanish colonial period (1769–1821), the Mexican period (1821–1848), and United States statehood (September 9, 1850–present). California was one of the most culturally and ...

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    California City is a city located in northern Antelope Valley in Kern County, California, United States. It is 100 miles north of the city of Los Angeles, and the population was 14,120 at the 2010 census. Covering 203.63 square miles, California City has the third-largest land area of any city in the state of California. Much of the workforce of Edwards Air Force Base, which is located 18 miles southeast of the city, is made up of city residents. Other major sources of employment include Califor

    Padre Francisco Garcés, a Franciscan missionary, camped at Castle Butte in what is now California City in 1776 during the Juan Bautista de Anza expedition of Alta California. In the late 19th century, the Twenty Mule Team Trail, which carried loads of borax to the railhead ...

    The Mojave Gunnery Range "C" was used from August 1944 until January 1959, when it became part of the California City land. It included bomb targets and strafing targets such as a vehicle convoy. It was also used for pilotless aircraft just after World War II. Unexploded ordnance

    In 1958, Czech-born Columbia University sociology professor and real estate developer Nathan "Nat" K. Mendelsohn purchased 82,000 acres of Mojave Desert land with the aim of making California's next great city. California City Development Company was aggressively marketing the ci

    Although one of California's smaller cities in terms of population, California City is the third largest city in California by land area. Satellite photos underscore its claim to being California's third-largest city by land area. Located in the northern Antelope Valley in Kern County, California, the city is 18 miles northwest of Edwards Air Force Base, 28 miles east of Tehachapi, 40 miles north of Lancaster, 49 miles southwest of Ridgecrest, 67 miles east of the city of Bakersfield, and 101 mi

    In 2000, the depth to groundwater was 370 feet. The Garlock Fault runs nearby.

    Mojave Unified School District serves California City: 1. California City Jr/Sr High 2. California City Middle 3. Hacienda Elementary school 4. Robert P. Ulrich Elementary School

    Studies for a privately built and owned 2000-4000-bed prison on the east side of town began in 1995, and an environmental impact statement on a 550-bed facility was completed in 1996. Contracts were signed between the city and Corrections Corporation of America and it was built i

    California City is served by Highway 14 to the west and Highway 58 to the south. Kern Transit provides direct bus service to Mojave, Lancaster, and Ridgecrest with connections to Tehachapi and Bakersfield. The direct line to Lancaster also provides a direct connection with Metrol

  3. ro.wikipedia.org › wiki › CaliforniaCalifornia - Wikipedia

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    Verile sunt foarte calde, cu seri răcoroase, în timp ce primăvara și toamna sunt blânde, cu seri reci. Sezonul de iarnă „ploios” este blând și ocupă perioada anului dintre ianuarie și martie. O mare parte a statului are un climat mediteranean, cu veri calde, uscate și blânde, dar cu ierni ploioase. Orașul San Francisco este cunoscut pentru ceața sa caracteristică primăverii și începutului de vară. Partea nordică a statului California, precum și zona munților înalți, beneficiază de zăpadăpe timpul iernii, în timp ce deșerturile au parte de veri foarte calde și ierni blânde.

    California se învecinează la vest cu Oceanul Pacific, la nord cu Oregon, la est cu Nevada și Arizona, la sud cu statul mexican Baja California. Cu o suprafață de 414.000 km², este al treilea stat american ca suprafață, după Alaska și Texas.Dacă ar fi țară independentă, California ar fi a 59-a din lume ca suprafață. În mijlocul statului se află Valea Centrală a Californiei, mărginită spre vest de lanțurile muntoase din apropierea coastei, spre est de Sierra Nevada, SUA, la nord de Munții Cascade și la sud de Munții Tehachapi. Valea Centrală este principala zonă agricolă a Californiei, ea producând aproape o treime din alimentele pentru întreaga țară. Împărțită în două de Delta Râurilor Sacramento-San Joaquin, porțiunea nordică, Valea Sacramento, reprezintă bazinul hidrografic al Râului Sacramento, în vreme ce porțiunea sudică, Valea San Joaquin, formează bazinul Râului San Joaquin. Prin dragaj, râurile Sacramento și San Joaquin au rămas suficient de adânci încât mai multe orașe din i...

    Ca și în cazul celorlalte state ale Americii, istoria scrisă a Californiei este destul de scurtă. Înaintea sosirii europenilor, pe acest teritoriu au locuit diferite triburi de indieni. Ei vorbeau propriile lor limbi. În anul 1524, California a fost descoperită de către exploratorul spaniol Cabrillo. Colonizarea spaniolă a început în anul 1769. California a rămas sub stăpânirea Spaniei și apoi a Mexicului. În anul 1850, după un scurt război, California a devenit cel de-al 31-lea stat al SUA.

    Structura rasială

    Populația totală a statului în 2010: 37,253,956 Structura rasială în conformitate cu recensământul din 2010: 1. 57.6% Albi(21,453,934) 2. 16.9% Altă rasă (6,317,372) 3. 13.0% Asiatici(4,861,007) 4. 6.2% Negri(2,299,072) 5. 4.9% Două sau mai multe rase(1,815,384) 6. 1.0% Amerindieni(362,801) 7. 0.4% Hawaieni Nativi sau locuitori ai Insulelor Pacificului (144,386)

    en Chartkoff, Joseph L. (1984). The archaeology of California. Stanford: Stanford University Press. Citare cu parametru depășit |coauthors= (ajutor)
    en Fagan, Brian (2003). Before California: An archaeologist looks at our earliest inhabitants. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    en Moratto, Michael J. (1984). California archaeology. Orlando: Academic Press. Citare cu parametru depășit |coauthors= (ajutor)
    en State of California Official Website
    en U.S. Census Bureau
    en Counting California
    en California Department of Motor Vehicles
    • 9 septembrie 1850
    • 423.970 km²
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  5. The economy of the State of California is the largest in the United States, boasting a $3.0 trillion gross state product (GSP) as of 2020. If California were a sovereign nation (2020), it would rank as the world's fifth largest economy, ahead of India and behind Germany.

    • $3.007 trillion (2020)
    • $76,058 (2020)
    • -2.8% (2020)
    • 13.3% (absolute) 19.0% (relative)
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