Casimir III the Great (Polish: Kazimierz III Wielki; 30 April 1310 – 5 November 1370) reigned as the King of Poland from 1333 to 1370. He was the third son of Władysław I the Elbow-high and Jadwiga of Kalisz, and the last Polish king from the Piast dynasty. Casimir inherited a kingdom weakened by war and made it prosperous and wealthy.
- The Great King
He was born on 30 April 1310 in Kowal, Kuyavia. He had two...
- Society under the reign of Casimir
Casimir was facetiously named "the Peasants' King". He...
- Relationship with Jews
On 9 October 1334, Casimir confirmed the privileges granted...
- The Great King
Casimir II the Just (Polish: Kazimierz II Sprawiedliwy; c. 1138 – 5 May 1194) was a Lesser Polish Duke of Wiślica from 1166–1173, and of Sandomierz after 1173. He became ruler over the Polish Seniorate Province at Kraków and thereby High Duke of Poland in 1177; a position he held until his death, though interrupted once by his elder brother and predecessor Mieszko III the Old.
Casimir III the Great (Polish: Kazimierz III Wielki) (April 30, 1310 – November 5, 1370) was the King of Poland from 1333 until 1370. He was the son of Wladyslaw I the Short . He was the last king of the Piast dynasty , his daughter Jadwiga having married the Lithuanian duke Wladyslaw Jagiello .
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The usage "Casimir III of Poland" is not his "name". Casimir is his name, "the Great" his epithet, and III his ordinal. "Of Poland" is a descriptor we use on Wikipedia to prevent ambiguity and to inform. Casimir III tells the ignorant nothing, Casimir the Great something more, but Casimir III of Poland tells us that he was a ruler of Poland ...
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Casimir is the only Polish king who both received and kept the title of the Great in Polish history (Bolesław I Chrobry is also called the Great, but his title Chrobry (Valiant) is now more common). When he received the crown, his hold on it was in danger, as even his neighbours did not recognise his title and instead called him "king of Kraków". The economy was ruined, and the country was depopulated and exhausted by war. Upon his death, he left a country doubled in size (mostly through the addition of land in today's Ukraine, then the Duchy of Halicz), prosperous, wealthy and with great prospects for the future. Although he is depicted as a peaceful king in children's books, he in fact waged many victorious wars and was readying for others just before he died. Casimir the Great built many new castles (including Wawel Castle), reformed the Polish army and Polish civil and criminal law. At the Sejm in Wiślica, 11 March 1347, he introduced salutary legal reforms in the jurisprudence...
In order to enlist the support of the nobility, especially the military help of pospolite ruszenie, Casimir was forced to grant important privileges to their caste, which made them finally clearly dominant over townsfolk (burghers or mieszczaństwo). In 1335, in the Treaty of Trentschin, Casimir relinquished "in perpetuity" his claims to Silesia. In 1355 in Buda, Casimir designated Louis I of Hungary as his successor. In exchange, the szlachta's tax burden was reduced and they would no longer be required to pay for military expeditions expenses outside Poland. Those important concessions would eventually lead to the ultimately crippling rise of the unique nobles' democracy in the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth. His second daughter, Elisabeth, Duchess of Pomerania, bore a son in 1351, Casimir IV of Pomerania. He was slated to become the heir, but did not succeed to the throne, dying childless in 1377, 7 years after King Casimir. He was the only male descendant of King Casimir who live...
King Casimir was favorably disposed toward Jews. On 9 October 1334, he confirmed the privileges granted to Jewish Poles in 1264 by Bolesław V the Chaste. Under penalty of death, he prohibited the kidnapping of Jewish children for the purpose of enforced Christian baptism. He inflicted heavy punishment for the desecration of Jewish cemeteries. Although Jews had lived in Poland since before the reign of King Casimir, he allowed them to settle in Poland in great numbers and protected them as people of the king.
Casimir's full title was: Casimir by the grace of God king of Poland, lord and heir of the land of Kraków, Sandomierz, Sieradz, Łęczyca, Kuyavia, Pomerania (Pomerelia) and Ruthenia. The title in Latin was: Kazimirus, Dei gracia rex Poloniæ ac terrarum Cracoviæ, Sandomiriæ, Syradiæ, Lanciciæ, Cuyaviæ, Pomeraniæ, Russiequæ dominus et heres.History of Poland (966–1385)Jagiellonian UniversityKazimierz Wielki University in BydgoszczKazimierz
His listing in "Medieval lands" by Charles Cawley. The project "involves extracting and analysing detailed information from primary sources, including contemporary chronicles, cartularies, necrolog...
- Adelaide of Hesse (1324-1371)
- Christina Rokiczanka (c1330-c1375)
Casimir succeeded his brother Władysław III (killed at the Battle of Varna in 1444) as King of Poland after a three-year interregnum on 25 June 1447. In 1454, he married Elisabeth of Austria , daughter of King Albert II of Germany and Elizabeth of Luxembourg , a descendant of King Casimir III of Poland .
Casimir III of Poland, Polish name Kazimierz Wielki (the Great) (1310–1370) Casimir IV Jagiellon, Polish name Kazimierz Jagielończyk, Lithuanian name Kazimieras I Jogailaitis (1427–1492) Casimir I, Duke of Pomerania-Demmin (after 1130–1180) Casimir II, Duke of Pomerania-Demmin (c. 1180–1219) Casimir III, Duke of Pomerania-Stettin (1348 ...
Jul 27, 2018 · Casimir III the Great (Polish: Kazimierz Wielki; April 30 1310 – November 5, 1370), last King of Poland from the Piast dynasty (1333–1370), was the son of King Władysław I the Elbow-high and Jadwiga of Gniezno and Greater Poland.
Casimir III o Casimir el Gran —Kazimierz Wielki (polonès) — 1310 - 1370) fou rei de Polònia (1333-1370), era fill del rei Ladislau I el Breu i de Jadwiga de Gniezno i la Gran Polònia. Casimir és l'únic rei polonès dels dos que el reberen que ha mantingut el títol de "Gran" en la història polonesa ( Boleslau I de Polònia també ...
Kazimierz III Agung (Bahasa Poland: Kazimierz III Wielki; 30 April 1310 - 5 November 1370) memerintah sebagai Raja Poland dari tahun 1333 hingga 1370.Beliau adalah anak kepada Wladyslaw I dan Hedwig dari Kalisz, dan merupakan raja Poland terakhir dari dinasti Piast itu.