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  1. Casimir III the Great - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Casimir_III_the_Great

    Casimir III the Great is one of the main characters in Polish historical drama series Korona królów ( The Crown of the... Casimir III the Great is mentioned in a speech by Amon Göth in the film Schindler's List.

  2. Category:Casimir III the Great - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Category:Casimir_III_the_Great

    Pages in category "Casimir III the Great" The following 8 pages are in this category, out of 8 total. This list may not reflect recent changes ().

  3. Casimir - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Casimir

    Casimir II of Poland, Polish name Kazimierz Sprawiedliwy (the Just) (1138–1194) Casimir III of Poland, Polish name Kazimierz Wielki (the Great) (1310–1370) Casimir IV Jagiellon, Polish name Kazimierz Jagielończyk, Lithuanian name Kazimieras I Jogailaitis (1427–1492) Casimir I, Duke of Pomerania-Demmin (after 1130–1180)

    • male
    • Casimira (f), Kazimiera (f)
    • Casimiro, Kazimír, Kasimir, Kažimir, Kázmér, Казимир, Kazimieras, etc.
    • Slavic
  4. Casimir III of Poland - Simple English Wikipedia, the free ...

    simple.wikipedia.org/wiki/Casimir_III_of_Poland

    Casimir III the Great (Polish: Kazimierz III Wielki) (April 30, 1310 – November 5, 1370) was the King of Poland from 1333 until 1370. He was the son of Wladyslaw I the Short. He was the last king of the Piast dynasty, his daughter Jadwiga having married the Lithuanian duke Wladyslaw Jagiello.

  5. People also ask

    When did Casimir III the Great Die?

    Were Casimir and Esterka Jewish?

    Did casimir esterka have any wives?

    • The Great King
    • Society Under The Reign of Casimir
    • Relationship with Polish Jews
    • Relationships with Children
    • Title and Style
    • Popular Culture
    • Gallery
    • See Also
    • External Links

    When Kaz­imierz at­tained the throne in 1333, his po­si­tion was in dan­ger, as his neigh­bours did not recog­nise his title and in­stead called him "king of Kraków". The king­dom was de­pop­u­lated and ex­hausted by war, and the econ­omy was ru­ined. In 1335, in the Treaty of Trentschin, Casimir was forced to re­lin­quish his claims to Sile­sia"in per­pe­tu­ity". Kaz­imierz re­built and his king­dom be­came pros­per­ous and wealthy, with great prospects for the fu­ture. He waged many vic­to­ri­ous wars and dou­bled the size of the king­dom, mostly through ad­di­tion of lands in mod­ern-day Ukraine (then called the Duchy of Ha­lych). Kaz­imierz built ex­ten­sively dur­ing his reign, or­der­ing the con­struc­tion of over 40 cas­tles, in­clud­ing many cas­tles along the Trail of the Eagle's Nests, and he re­formed the Pol­ish army. At the Sejm in Wiślica, on 11 March 1347, Kaz­imierz in­tro­duced re­forms to the Pol­ish ju­di­cial sys­tem and sanc­tioned civil and crim­i­nal codes for...

    Casimir was face­tiously named "the Peas­ants' King". He in­tro­duced the codes of law of Greater and Lesser Poland as an at­tempt to end the over­whelm­ing su­pe­ri­or­ity of the no­bil­ity. Dur­ing his reign all three major classes — the no­bil­ity, priest­hood, and bour­geoisie — were more or less coun­ter­bal­anced, al­low­ing Casimir to strengthen his monar­chic po­si­tion. He was known for sid­ing with the weak when the law did not pro­tect them from no­bles and cler­gy­men. He re­port­edly even sup­ported a peas­ant whose house had been de­mol­ished by his own mis­tress, after she had or­dered it to be pulled down be­cause it dis­turbed her en­joy­ment of the beau­ti­ful landscape.[citation needed]

    Due to his deep re­la­tion­ship with the leg­endary Es­terka who played a sig­nif­i­cant role in the King's life, Casimir was fa­vor­ably dis­posed to­ward Jews liv­ing in Poland. On 9 Oc­to­ber 1334, he con­firmed the priv­i­leges granted to Jews in 1264 by Bolesław V the Chaste. Under penalty of death, he pro­hib­ited the kid­nap­ping of Jew­ish chil­dren for the pur­pose of en­forced Chris­t­ian bap­tism, and he in­flicted heavy pun­ish­ment for the des­e­cra­tion of Jew­ish ceme­ter­ies. While Jews had lived in Poland since be­fore his reign, Casimir al­lowed them to set­tle in Poland in great num­bers and pro­tected them as peo­ple of the king.

    Casimir III was born in Kowal, and he mar­ried four times. Casimir first mar­ried Anna, or Al­dona Ona, the daugh­ter of Grand Duke Ged­im­i­nas of Lithua­nia. The mar­riage pro­duced two daugh­ters, Cu­ni­gunde (d. 1357), who was mar­ried to Louis VI the Roman, the son of Louis IV, Holy Roman Em­peror, and Elis­a­beth, who was mar­ried to Duke Bo­g­is­laus V of Pomera­nia. Al­dona died in 1339, and Casimir then mar­ried Ade­laide of Hesse. He di­vorced Ade­laide in 1356, mar­ried Christina, di­vorced her, and while Ade­laide and pos­si­bly Christina were still alive (ca. 1365), he mar­ried Hed­wig of Głogów and Sagan. He had three daugh­ters by his fourth wife, and they were still very young when he died, and re­garded as of du­bi­ous le­git­i­macy be­cause of Casimir's bigamy.

    Casimir's full title was: Casimir by the grace of God king of Poland and Rus­sia (Ruthe­nia), lord and heir of the land of Kraków, San­domierz, Sier­adz, Łęczyca, Kuyavia, Pomera­nia (Pomere­lia). The title in Latin was: Kaz­imirus, Dei gra­tia rex Polonie et Russie, nec non Cra­covie, San­domirie, Sir­adie, Lan­ci­cie, Cuiavie, et Pomeranieque Ter­rarum et Ducatuum Domi­nus et Heres.

    Film

    1. Casimir III the Great is one of the main characters in Polish historical drama series "Korona królów" ("The Crown of the Kings"). He is played by Mateusz Król.

    Computer games

    1. Casimir features as a playable leader in the computer strategy game Civilization V: Brave New World.

    The King's sar­coph­a­gus at Wawel Cathe­dral
    Ef­figy of Casimir from his own tomb erected by his nephewaround 1371
    Kaz­imierz the Great, by Mar­cello Bac­cia­relli
    Kaz­imierz the Great, by Jan Mate­jko

    His listing in "Medieval lands" by Charles Cawley. The project "involves extracting and analysing detailed information from primary sources, including contemporary chronicles, cartularies, necrolog...

  6. Esterka - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Esterka

    Esterka (undated, pre-1839) Esterka refers to a mythical Jewish mistress of Casimir the Great, the historical King of Poland who reigned between 1333 and 1370. Medieval Polish and Jewish chroniclers considered the legend as historical fact and report a wonderful love story between the beautiful Jewess and the great monarch.

  7. Talk:Casimir III the Great - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Talk:Casimir_III_the_Great

    The usage "Casimir III of Poland" is not his "name". Casimir is his name, "the Great" his epithet, and III his ordinal. "Of Poland" is a descriptor we use on Wikipedia to prevent ambiguity and to inform. Casimir III tells the ignorant nothing, Casimir the Great something more, but Casimir III of Poland tells us that he was a ruler of Poland, which is tells us more about him than anything else.

  8. Casimir III the Great of Poland (1310-1370) | Familypedia ...

    familypedia.wikia.org/wiki/Casimir_III_the_Great...
    • The Great King
    • Concession to The Nobility
    • Relationship with Polish Jews
    • Title and Style
    • See Also
    • External Links

    Casimir is the only Polish king who both received and kept the title of the Great in Polish history (Bolesław I Chrobry is also called the Great, but his title Chrobry (Valiant) is now more common). When he received the crown, his hold on it was in danger, as even his neighbours did not recognise his title and instead called him "king of Kraków". The economy was ruined, and the country was depopulated and exhausted by war. Upon his death, he left a country doubled in size (mostly through the addition of land in today's Ukraine, then the Duchy of Halicz), prosperous, wealthy and with great prospects for the future. Although he is depicted as a peaceful king in children's books, he in fact waged many victorious wars and was readying for others just before he died. Casimir the Great built many new castles (including Wawel Castle), reformed the Polish army and Polish civil and criminal law. At the Sejm in Wiślica, 11 March 1347, he introduced salutary legal reforms in the jurisprudence...

    In order to enlist the support of the nobility, especially the military help of pospolite ruszenie, Casimir was forced to grant important privileges to their caste, which made them finally clearly dominant over townsfolk (burghers or mieszczaństwo). In 1335, in the Treaty of Trentschin, Casimir relinquished "in perpetuity" his claims to Silesia. In 1355 in Buda, Casimir designated Louis I of Hungary as his successor. In exchange, the szlachta's tax burden was reduced and they would no longer be required to pay for military expeditions expenses outside Poland. Those important concessions would eventually lead to the ultimately crippling rise of the unique nobles' democracy in the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth. His second daughter, Elisabeth, Duchess of Pomerania, bore a son in 1351, Casimir IV of Pomerania. He was slated to become the heir, but did not succeed to the throne, dying childless in 1377, 7 years after King Casimir. He was the only male descendant of King Casimir who live...

    King Casimir was favorably disposed toward Jews. On 9 October 1334, he confirmed the privileges granted to Jewish Poles in 1264 by Bolesław V the Chaste. Under penalty of death, he prohibited the kidnapping of Jewish children for the purpose of enforced Christian baptism. He inflicted heavy punishment for the desecration of Jewish cemeteries. Although Jews had lived in Poland since before the reign of King Casimir, he allowed them to settle in Poland in great numbers and protected them as people of the king.

    Casimir's full title was: Casimir by the grace of God king of Poland, lord and heir of the land of Kraków, Sandomierz, Sieradz, Łęczyca, Kuyavia, Pomerania (Pomerelia) and Ruthenia. The title in Latin was: Kazimirus, Dei gracia rex Poloniæ ac terrarum Cracoviæ, Sandomiriæ, Syradiæ, Lanciciæ, Cuyaviæ, Pomeraniæ, Russiequæ dominus et heres.

    History of Poland (966–1385)
    Jagiellonian University
    Kazimierz Wielki University in Bydgoszcz
    Kazimierz

    His listing in "Medieval lands" by Charles Cawley. The project "involves extracting and analysing detailed information from primary sources, including contemporary chronicles, cartularies, necrolog...

  9. Casimir III the Great - WikiMili, The Best Wikipedia Reader Casimir III the Great (Polish: Kazimierz III Wielki ; 30 April 1310 – 5 November 1370) reigned as the King of Poland from 1333 to 1370. He was the third son of Władysław I the Elbow-high and Jadwiga of Kalisz, and the last Polish king from the Piast dynasty.

  10. Piast dynasty - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Piast

    The Piast dynasty was the first historical ruling dynasty of Poland. The first documented Polish monarch was Duke Mieszko I (c. 930–992). The Piasts' royal rule in Poland ended in 1370 with the death of king Casimir III the Great.