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  1. Counter-Reformation - Wikipedia › wiki › Counter-Reformation

    The Counter-Reformation (Latin: Contrareformatio), also called the Catholic Reformation (Latin: Reformatio Catholica) or the Catholic Revival, was the period of Catholic resurgence that was initiated in response to the Protestant Reformation.

  2. Counter-Reformation - Simple English Wikipedia, the free ... › wiki › Counter-Reformation

    The Counter-Reformation began after Martin Luther 's Reformation. In reaction, Catholics reaffirmed some points of faith that the Protestants' objections had put in danger. These included the validity of the seven sacraments. The Protestants had reduced the sacraments to only two, Baptism and the Eucharist.

  3. Reformation - Wikipedia › wiki › Reformation

    The Reformation and Counter-Reformation era conflicts are termed the European wars of religion. In particular, the Thirty Years' War (1618–1648) devastated much of Germany, killing between 25% and 40% of its entire population.

  4. Category:Counter-Reformation - Wikipedia › wiki › Category:Counter-Reformation

    Pages in category "Counter-Reformation" The following 94 pages are in this category, out of 94 total. This list may not reflect recent changes ().

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  6. Art in the Protestant Reformation and Counter-Reformation ... › wiki › Art_in_the_Protestant
    • Overview
    • Art and the Reformation
    • Genre and landscape
    • Council of Trent
    • Art and the Counter-Reformation

    The Protestant Reformation during the 16th century in Europe almost entirely rejected the existing tradition of Catholic art, and very often destroyed as much of it as it could reach. A new artistic tradition developed, producing far smaller quantities of art that followed Protestant agendas and diverged drastically from the southern European tradition and the humanist art produced during the High Renaissance. The Lutheran churches, as they developed, accepted a limited role for larger works of

    The Protestant Reformation was a religious movement that occurred in Western Europe during the 16th century that resulted in a divide in Christianity between Roman Catholics and Protestants. This movement "created a North-South split in Europe, where generally Northern countries became Protestant, while Southern countries remained Catholic." The Reformation produced two main branches of Protestantism; one was the Evangelical Lutheran churches, which followed the teachings of Martin Luther, and t

    After the early years of the reformation, artists in Protestant areas painted far fewer religious subjects for public display, although there was a conscious effort to develop a Protestant iconography of Bible illustration in book illustrations and prints. In the early Reformation artists, especially Cranach the Elder and Younger and Holbein, made paintings for churches showing the leaders of the reformation in ways very similar to Catholic saints. Later Protestant taste turned from the display

    During the Reformation a great divergence arose between the Catholic Church and the Protestant Reformers of the north regarding the content and style of art work. The Catholic Church viewed Protestantism and Reformed iconoclasm as a threat to the church and in response came together at the Council of Trent to institute some of their own reforms. The church felt that much religious art in Catholic countries had lost its focus on religious subject-matter, and became too interested in material thin

    While Calvinists largely removed public art from religion and Reformed societies moved towards more "secular" forms of art which might be said to glorify God through the portrayal of the "natural beauty of His creation and by depicting people who were created in His image", Counter-Reformation Catholic church continued to encourage religious art, but insisted it was strictly religious in content, glorifying God and Catholic traditions, including the sacraments and the saints. Likewise, "Lutheran

  7. Talk:Counter-Reformation - Wikipedia › wiki › Talk:Counter-Reformation

    The widely-used term "Counter-Reformation" usually means not only the spiritual reformation of the Catholic Church, but also the violent trials to destroy the protestant movement. E.g. the Hugenots Wars and the Thirty Years War are usually seen as a part of the Counter-Reformation.

  8. Counter-Reformation in Poland - Wikipedia › wiki › Counter-Reformation_in_Poland
    • Overview
    • History
    • Reasons for success
    • Significance

    State-led intervention in poland refers to the response of Catholic Church in Poland to the spread of Protestantism in Poland. Counter-reformation in Poland lasted from the mid-16th century until the mid-18th century and ended with the victory of the Catholic Church, which succeeded in significantly reducing the influence of Protestantism in Poland.

    Poland emerged as one of the main terrains of struggle between the Protestant Reformation movement and the Catholic Church's counter-reformation. Lutheranism was popular among German-descent townsfolk, and Calvinism among the nobility. A year after Luther made his theses public, they were preached in Danzig, and soon spread over West Prussia province of Poland. From there Protestantism spread to East Prussia, Greater Poland, Lesser Poland and other Polisprovinces, as well as Grand Duchy of Lithu

    Success of the counter-reformation in Poland can be attributed to the vigorous activities of the Jesuits and other monastical orders, and to the fact that the Polish kings of that period were primarily Catholic, and leaned towards either neutrality or clear support for the counter-reformation policies. Protestantism, too often treated instrumentally by the elites, also failed to find significant followings among the masses of Polish peasantry. Lutheranism remained closely associated with German-

    Catholicism was able to become a part of Polish identity and Polish nationalism. It marked Poland as Antemurale Christianitatis, a country defending the borders of Catholic faith, thus clearly separating Poland from its mostly Protestant, Orthodox and Muslim neighbors, It became one of the defining characteristics of the szlachta's Golden Freedoms, and conversion to Catholicism was one of the elements of polonization of the Ruthenian nobility. Critics of the Counter-Reformation argue that it had

  9. Reformation Papacy - Wikipedia › wiki › Reformation_Papacy

    Counter-Reformation. The Catholic Church did not mount an organized and deliberate response to the Protestant Reformation until the election (1534) of Pope Paul III, who placed the papacy itself at the head of a movement for churchwide reform.

  10. Protestant Reformation - Simple English Wikipedia, the free ... › wiki › Protestant_Reformation

    The Protestant Reformation was a series of events that happened in the 16th century in the Christian Church. Because of corruption in the Catholic Church, some people saw that the way it worked needed to change. People like Erasmus, Huldrych Zwingli, Martin Luther and John Calvin saw the corruption and tried to stop it.

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