Croatia (/ k r oʊ ˈ eɪ ʃ ə / , kroh-AY-shə; Croatian: Hrvatska, pronounced [xř̩ʋaːtskaː]), officially the Republic of Croatia (Croatian: Republika Hrvatska, ), is a country at the crossroads of Central and Southeast Europe on the Adriatic Sea.
Croatia, as a nation, first appeared as two duchies in the 7th century, the Duchy of Croatia and the Duchy of Pannonian Croatia, which were united and elevated into the Kingdom of Croatia which lasted from 925 until 1918.
Croatia is divided into 21 counties. Croatia is the 127th largest country in the world. The highest point is the Dinara peak at 1,831 metres (6,007 feet). Thousands of islands are part of Croatia. 48 have people living there year round. The largest islands are Cres and Krk. Major rivers are the Sava, Drava, Kupa and Danube.
- Tourist regions
Tourism is a major industry in Croatia. In 2018, Croatia had 19.7 million tourist visitors who made 110.275 million overnight stays. The history of tourism in Croatia dates back to the middle of the 19th century in the period around 1850. It has been developing successfully ever since. Today, Croatia is one of the most visited tourist destinations in the Mediterranean. Tourism in Croatia is concentrated in the areas along the Adriatic coast and is strongly seasonal, peaking in July and August. E
Croatia has a rich historical and cultural heritage, and natural beauty. Its greatest advantage in terms of tourism is its Adriatic Sea coast which, according to the 2010 European Environment Agency's survey, had the second cleanest water in all of Europe. A mild Mediterranean climate with a warm summer and moderately cold winter favor tourism. The tourist offer of Croatia is very diverse and consists of nautical, excursion, diving, congress, cultural, ecological, rural, religious, adventure, hu
The first tourist object in Croatia, considered the first Croatian hotel, is Villa Angiolina that was built in Opatija in 1844. In 1868 on the island of Hvar, a hygienic society was founded, and this year is considered to be the year of the beginning of organized tourism on the island. Hotel Kvarner was opened in Opatija in 1884, Hotel Therapia in 1894 in Crikvenica, and Hotel Imperial in 1896 in Dubrovnik. As early as 1914, Opatija recorded over half a million overnight stays, and tourists spen
The Croatian National Tourist Board has divided Croatia into six distinct tourist regions.
– in Europe (green & dark grey) – in the European Union (green) The 1st century-built Pula Arena was the sixth largest amphitheatre in the Roman Empire Croatia in SFRY Well of Life , Ivan Meštrović , 1905 Franjo Tuđman , 1st president of modern independent Republic of Croatia Destroyed Yugoslav Army tank, a scene from the Croatian War of Independence Historic centre of Trogir has been ...
Croatia was ruled by a deputy for the king, a governor called a ban. After the succession of Emeric in 1196, his younger brother Andrew II became Duke of Croatia and Dalmatia in 1198. Thus from 1198 Croatia and Slavonia were under the Dukes of Croatia, who ran their duchy, still known as the Kingdom of Croatia, as semi-independent rulers.
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Zadar is the fifth largest city in Croatia and the second largest in Dalmatia, with a population of 75,082 according to the 2011 census.
The Croatian War of Independence was fought from 1991 to 1995 between Croat forces loyal to the government of Croatia—which had declared independence from the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (SFRY)—and the Serb-controlled Yugoslav People's Army (JNA) and local Serb forces, with the JNA ending its combat operations in Croatia by 1992.
Novosti (Serbian Cyrillic: Новости, lit. The News) is a Croatian weekly magazine based in Zagreb.It is published by the Serb National Council (SNV), the main state-funded body concerned with promotion of human rights and dealing with issues of ethnic identity and participation of Serbs in Croatia.