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The Diocese of Rome is the ecclesiastical district under the direct jurisdiction of the Pope, who is Bishop of Rome as well as the supreme pontiff and leader of the worldwide Catholic Church. As the Holy See, the papacy is a sovereign entity with diplomatic relations, and civil jurisdiction over the Vatican City State located geographically within Rome. The Diocese of Rome is the metropolitan diocese of the Province of Rome, an ecclesiastical province in Italy. The first bishop of Rome was Saint
In the Late Roman Empire, usually dated 284 AD to 602 AD, the regional governance district known as the Roman or civil diocese was made up of a grouping of provinces headed by vicars of praetorian prefects. There were initially twelve dioceses, rising to fourteen by the end of the 4th century. The term diocese comes from the Latin: dioecēsis, which derives from the Greek: dioíkēsis meaning "administration", "management", "assize district", or "group of provinces".
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Due to its significance as central point of reference within the Catholic Church, it is sometimes referred to as The Holy Roman Church, as is the case for instance with Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church, and other such diocese-related titles and terms. This naming tradition is part of a wider context of nomenclature, of which notably also external habits have been derived, such as the adjective Roman Catholic, occurring since the Protestant Reformation.
The bishop of the Diocese of Rome has, in the first place, the title of Bishop of Rome, the basis for all his other titles. Those officially listed for him in the Annuario Pontificioare: 1. Bishop of Rome 2. Vicar of Jesus Christ 3. Successor of the Prince of the Apostles 4. Supreme Pontiffof the Universal Church 5. Primateof Italy 6. Archbishop and Metropolitan of the Roman Province (also alternatively rendered as "Metropolitan Archbishop of the Province of Rome") 7. Sovereign of the Vatican City State (since its establishment by the Lateran Treatyin 1929) 8. Servant of the servants of God The best-known title, that of "Pope", does not appear in the official list, but is commonly used in the titles of documents, and appears, in abbreviated form, in the signatures of the Popes.
The best evidence available for the origins of the Church in Rome is Saint Paul's Epistle to the Romans. This indicates that the church was established probably by the early 40s CE. Saint Peterbecame associated with this church sometime between the year 58 and the early 60s. According to one historian:
The city of Rome has grown beyond the boundaries of the diocese. Notable parts of the city belong to the dioceses of Ostia and Porto-Santa Rufina. Ostia is administered together with the Vicariate of the City and thus included in the statistics given below, while Porto is instead administered by its own diocesan bishop.
Six of the dioceses of the Roman Province are described as suburbicarian. Each suburbicarian diocese has a Cardinal Bishopat its titular head. 1. Suburbicarian See of Porto-Santa Rufina 2. Suburbicarian See of Albano 3. Suburbicarian See of Frascati 4. Suburbicarian See of Palestrina 5. Suburbicarian See of Sabina-Poggio Mirteto 6. Suburbicarian See of Velletri-Segni
1. See: List of Catholic dioceses (structured view) § Episcopal Conference of Italy, including San Marino and Vatican City State Other Italian dioceses having Rome as their metropolitan see: 1. Archdiocese of Gaeta(non-Metropolitan) 2. Diocese of Anagni-Alatri 3. Diocese of Civita Castellana 4. Diocese of Civitavecchia-Tarquinia 5. Diocese of Frosinone-Veroli-Ferentino 6. Diocese of Latina-Terracina-Sezze-Priverno 7. Diocese of Rieti 8. Diocese of Sora-Cassino-Aquino-Pontecorvo 9. Dio...
Numerous ordinaries and personal prelatures outside the Province of Rome, worldwide, are "Exempt", i.e. "directly subject to the Holy See", not part of any ecclesiastical province, including: 1. Various Latin Church dioceses directly subject to the Holy See, either due to the type of see, such as the missionary pre-diocesan Apostolic prefectures and Apostolic vicariates, although a few are exceptionally joined to an ecclesiastical province) until their promotion to 'full' bishopric, or wherever the Vatican sees fit not to assign a specific see to a province 2. Personal prelatures such as Opus Dei 3. Apostolic exarchates, Eastern Catholic pre-diocesan sees 4. Ordinariates for Eastern Catholic faithful, Eastern Catholic, where one or more rite-specific churches sui iurislack any proper jurisdiction 5. Personal ordinariatesfor former Anglicans 6. Various military ordinariates for armed forcespersonnel
Jan 27, 2020 · The Diocese of Rome is the metropolitan diocese of the Province of Rome, an ecclesiastical province in Italy. The first bishop of Rome was Saint Peter in the first century. The incumbent since 13 March 2013 is Pope Francis.
The bishop of Ostia is the head of the suburbicarian diocese of Ostia, one of the seven suburbicarian sees of Rome. Since 1150, the bishop has been the dean of the College of Cardinals, with the actual governance of the diocese entrusted to the vicar general of Rome. Ostia and Velletri, "Ostia e Velletri" in Italian, was a single suburbicarian diocese from 1105 to 1914. In 1914, Velletri was split off as a separate suburbicarian diocese. Starting then, a new Dean would add the see of Ostia to th
The Diocese of Rome is the metropolitan diocese of the Province of Rome, an ecclesiastical province in Italy. The first bishop of Rome was Saint Peter in the first century. The incumbent since 13 March 2013 is Pope Francis .
The Diocese of Rome is the metropolitan diocese of the Province of Rome, an ecclesiastical province in Italy. The first bishop of Rome was Saint Peter in the first century. The incumbent since 13 March 2013 is Pope Francis. Historically, many Rome-born men, as well as others born elsewhere on the Italian Peninsula have served as bishops of Rome.
The Catholic Church considers the Bishop of Rome, the pope, to be the successor to Saint Peter. Some scholars state Peter was the first Bishop of Rome. Others say that the institution of the papacy is not dependent on the idea that Peter was Bishop of Rome or even on his ever having been in Rome.
The Vicar General of Rome also serves the same role for the suburbicarian diocese of Ostia, the traditional see of the Dean of the College of Cardinals, ever since it was merged with the diocese of Rome. The Vicar General of Rome, who is normally a cardinal, known as the Cardinal Vicar, is one of the few church officials in Rome to remain in ...