The Eastern Orthodox Church, officially the Orthodox Catholic Church, is the second-largest Christian church, with approximately 220 million baptised members. It operates as a communion of autocephalous churches, each governed by its bishops in local synods. Roughly half of Eastern Orthodox Christians live in Russia.
The Orthodox Church is often referred to as Eastern Orthodox Church in order to distinguish it from the Oriental Orthodoxy (despite the fact that eastern and oriental are synonyms). The (Eastern) Orthodox Church strives to keep the faith of the seven Ecumenical Councils.
- Church governance
- Unrecognized churches
The Eastern Orthodox Church, like the Catholic Church, claims to be the One, Holy, Catholic and Apostolic Church. The term Western Orthodoxy is sometimes used to denominate what is technically a vicariate within the Antiochian Orthodox and the Russian Orthodox Churches and thus a part of the Eastern Orthodox Church as that term is defined here. The term "Western Orthodox Church" is disfavored by members of that vicariate. In the 5th century, Oriental Orthodoxy separated from Chalcedonian Christi
The Orthodox Church is a communion comprising the fourteen or sixteen separate autocephalous hierarchical churches that recognize each other as "canonical" Orthodox Christian churches. Each constituent church is self-governing; its highest-ranking bishop reports to no higher earthly authority. Each regional church is composed of constituent eparchies ruled by bishops. Some autocephalous churches have given an eparchy or group of eparchies varying degrees of autonomy. Such autonomous churches mai
Ranked in order of seniority, with the year of independence given in parentheses, where applicable. Four Ancient Patriarchates Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople Greek Orthodox Church of Alexandria Greek Orthodox Church of Antioch Greek Orthodox Church of Jerusalem Those f
These are churches that have separated from the mainstream communion over issues of Ecumenism and Calendar reform since the 1920s. Due to what these churches perceive as being errors of modernism and ecumenism in mainstream Orthodoxy, they refrain from concelebration of the Divin
These Churches do not practice Communion with any other Orthodox jurisdictions nor do they tend to recognize each other. Yet, like the Churches in resistance above, they consider themselves to be within the canonical boundaries of the Church: i.e., professing Orthodox belief, ret
The following Churches recognize all other mainstream Orthodox Churches, but are not recognized by any of them due to various disputes: 1. Abkhazian Orthodox Church 2. Belarusian Autocephalous Orthodox Church 3. Association of Croatian Orthodox Believers 4. Macedonian Orthodox Ch
The Eastern Orthodox Church, officially the Orthodox Church, is a Christian church. Their type of Christianity is also called Orthodox Christianity or Orthodoxy. Their members are called Orthodox Christians, although there is another group of Churches called Oriental Orthodox that is not in communion with the Orthodox Church. There are about 300 million Orthodox Christians in the world. Most Orthodox Christians are found in Eastern Europe and the Middle East, but there are Orthodox Christians ev
- Families of churches
- Catholic–Orthodox ecumenism
- Migration trends
- Role of Christians in the Islamic culture
Eastern Christianity comprises Christian traditions and church families that originally developed during classical and late antiquity in the Middle East, Egypt, Northeast Africa, Eastern Europe, Asia Minor, the Malabar coast of southern India, and parts of the Far East. The term does not describe a single communion or religious denomination. Major Eastern Christian bodies include the Eastern Orthodox Church, the Oriental Orthodox Churches, the Eastern Catholic Churches, Protestant Eastern Christ
Eastern Christians do not share the same religious traditions, but do share many cultural traditions. Christianity divided itself in the East during its early centuries both within and outside of the Roman Empire in disputes about Christology and fundamental theology, as well as through national divisions. It would be many centuries later that Western Christianity fully split from these traditions as its own communion. Major branches or families of Eastern Christianity, each of which has a disti
Ecumenical dialogue since the 1964 meeting between Pope Paul VI and Orthodox Patriarch Athenagoras I has awoken the nearly 1000-year hopes for Christian unity. Since the lifting of excommunications during the Paul VI and Athenagoras I meeting in Jerusalem there have been other significant meetings between Popes and Ecumenical Patriarchs of Constantinople. One of the most recent meetings was between Benedict XVI and Bartholomew I, who jointly signed the Common Declaration. It states that "We give
There has been a significant Christian migration in the 20th century from the Near East. Fifteen hundred years ago Christians were the majority population in today's Turkey, Iraq, Syria, Lebanon, Jordan, Palestine and Egypt. In 1914 Christians constituted 25% of the population of the Ottoman Empire. At the beginning of the 21st century Christians constituted 6% – 7% of the region's population: less than 1% in Turkey, 3% in Iraq, 12% in Syria, 39% in Lebanon, 6% in Jordan, 2.5% in Israel ...
Christians, especially Nestorians, contributed to the Arab Islamic Civilization during the Ummayads and the Abbasids by translating works of Greek philosophers to Syriac and afterwards to Arabic. They also excelled in philosophy, science and theology and the personal physicians of the Abbasid Caliphs were often Assyrian Christians such as the long serving Bukhtishus. Many scholars of the House of Wisdom were of Christian background. A hospital and medical training center existed at Gundeshapur.
Eastern Orthodox church architecture constitutes a distinct, recognizable family of styles among church architectures. These styles share a cluster of fundamental similarities, having been influenced by the common legacy of Byzantine architecture from the Eastern Roman Empire. Some of the styles have become associated with the particular traditions of one specific autocephalous Orthodox patriarchate, whereas others are more widely used within the Eastern Orthodox Church. These architectural styl
While sharing many traditions, Eastern Christianity and Western Christianity began to diverge from each other from an early date. Whereas the basilica, a long aisled hall with an apse at one end, was the most common form in the West, a more compact centralised style became predominant in the East. These churches were in origin "martyria" focused on the tombs of the saints—specifically, the martyrs who had died during the persecutions, which only fully ended with the conversion of the ...
In the Russian language a general-purpose word for "church" is tserkov. When spoken in an exalted sense, the term khram, "temple", is used to refer to the church building as a Temple of God Khram Bozhy. The words "church" and "temple", in this case are interchangeable; however, the term “church” is far more common in English. The term "temple" is also commonly applied to larger churches. Some famous churches which are occasionally referred to as temples include Hagia Sophia, Saint Basil ...
Orthodox church buildings have the following basic shapes, each with its own symbolism: 1. Elongated: rectangle, rounded rectangle, symbolizing the ship as a means of salvation 2. Cruciform 3. Star shaped 4. Circular The cupola instead of a flat ceiling symbolizes the sky. In Russian churches, cupolas are often topped by onion-shaped domes, where crosses are mounted. These domes are called "heads" or "poppy heads". Sometimes crosses have a crescent-like shape at the bottom, which contrary to the
Romanian Patriarchal Cathedral in Bucharest, completed in 1658, Romania.
People also ask
What is the difference between Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox?
What are the names of the Orthodox Churches?
What are the different Orthodox religions?
Where did Eastern Orthodox begin?
Eastern Orthodox population by country The number of members of the Eastern Orthodox Church in each country has been subject to a lot of debate. Each study performed that seeks to discover the number of adherents in a country may use different criteria, and be submitted to different populations.CountryTotal Population% Eastern OrthodoxEastern Orthodox totalAlbania (details)2,621,9776.75% (as per census, number likely upwards of 20%)148,992 (census unreliable, deemed corrupt, number is expected to be much higher)Armenia (details)3,262,20092.5%3,017,535 (include Armenians Apostolic)Australia (details)23,824,6002.6%563,100Austria (details)8,773,0006%500,000
e In the Eastern Orthodox Church, the feast of the Resurrection of Jesus, called Pascha (Easter), is the greatest of all holy days and as such it is called the "feast of feasts". Immediately below it in importance, there is a group of Twelve Great Feasts (Greek: Δωδεκάορτον).
Marriage in the Eastern Orthodox Church is a holy mystery or sacrament in the Eastern Orthodox Church. The wedding itself is considered to be a rite of the church in which the marriage is blessed. The wedding itself is considered to be a rite of the church in which the marriage is blessed.
Eastern Orthodox Church, a Christian church that accepts seven Ecumenical Councils True Orthodoxy, a movement that separated from the mainstream Eastern Orthodox Church in the 1920s over issues of ecumenism and calendar reform; Oriental Orthodox Churches, a Christian communion that accepts three Ecumenical Councils