El Escorial, or the Royal Site of San Lorenzo de El Escorial (Spanish: Monasterio y Sitio de El Escorial en Madrid), or Monasterio del Escorial (Spanish pronunciation: [el eskoˈɾjal]), is a historical residence of the King of Spain located in the town of San Lorenzo de El Escorial, 2.06 km (1.28 mi) up the valley (4.1 km [2.5 mi] road distance) from the town of El Escorial and about 45 ...
El Escorial is a municipality in the Autonomous Community of Madrid, located 45 km (28 mi) northwest of the Spanish capital Madrid. It belongs to the comarca of Cuenca del Guadarrama. Its population in 2009 was 14,979. The territory of El Escorial is home to the park of La Granjilla de la Fresneda.
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El Escorial is a famous royal site in Spain.It was built in the late 1500s. El Escorial is a monastery, a royal palace, a museum and a school.It is located about 45 km (28 mi) northwest of the Spanish capital, Madrid, in the town of San Lorenzo de El Escorial.
- Historical context
- War and defeat
- The Process
- Ferdinand reinstated King of Spain
The El Escorial Conspiracy was an attempted coup d'état led by the Crown Prince Fernando of Asturias that took place in 1807, but was quickly discovered and led to an investigation known as the Process of El Escorial.
In the early nineteenth century, Spain was trapped politically by the First French Empire and the ambitious expansion plans of Napoleon Bonaparte. In a heated atmosphere of diplomatic relations, in 1801 Charles IV of Spain named his favorite Manuel Godoy as first secretary, in place of Pedro Cevallos, who distrusted and opposed the French. Napoleon Bonaparte, First Consul of France constantly threatened Spain with war to enforce policies undertaken by Godoy, who was allegedly pro-English rather
This treaty was soon to lead to Spain's involvement in the War of the Third Coalition with Spanish and French forces against the Portuguese and English, which culminated in the English naval victory at the Battle of Trafalgar. This defeat made many enemies at court for Godoy, among them the son of Charles IV, Ferdinand Prince of Asturias and Crown Prince of Spain. Godoy was openly hostile and did not want the accession of Ferdinand who sought to unseat Godoy. Ferdinand knew that he was acting in
The pardon and acquittals of 1807 were granted because there was significant public support for the conspirators against Godoy, as demonstrated in the Mutiny of Aranjuez a few months later 17/18 March 1808, in which Godoy's palace was attacked, the king deposed and Ferdinand granted the throne by The Royal Council the next day, on 19 March, although legally Charles IV did formally abdicate until 5 May in favor of Napoleon's Brother, Joseph Bonaparte, the day before his son was also forced to abd
However, the Spanish people were to rally around the cause of “Ferdinand the Desired” who, imprisoned in France, became a national hero. On 11 December 1813 Napoleon reinstated him as Ferdinand VII. His parents Charles and Maria Luisa, and his wife Maria Josepha Amalia of Saxony, together with their mendacious minister Godoy retreated first to France, then finally went into exile in Italy.
El término municipal de El Escorial, que abarca una superficie de 68,75 km², está situado al noroeste de la comunidad de Madrid, en el piedemonte de la sierra de Guadarrama. Su territorio está representado en la hoja MTN50 (escala 1:50 000) 532 del Mapa Topográfico Nacional. [.
The Ryal Steid o San Lorenzo de El Escorial (Spaingie: Monasterio y Sitio de El Escorial en Madrid), commonly kent as El Escorial (Spaingie pronunciation: [el eskoˈɾi̯al]), is a historical residence o the Keeng o Spain, in the toun o San Lorenzo de El Escorial, aboot 45 kilometre (28 mile) northwast o the caipital, Madrid, in Spain.