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  1. Family car - Wikipedia

    A family car is a car classification used in Europe to describe normally-sized cars. The name comes from the suitability of these cars to carry a whole family locally or on vacations . Most family cars are hatchbacks or sedans , although there are MPVs , estates and cabriolets with the same structure as with the other body style .

  2. C-segment - Wikipedia

    At the start of the 1970s, the two most popular sectors of the UK market [citation needed] were small family cars and large family cars.Since its launch in 1962, the BMC 1100/1300 had often been Britain's best selling car, and other locally produced compact cars included the Ford Escort, Vauxhall Viva and Hillman Avenger.

  3. D-segment - Wikipedia

    The D-segment is the third largest of the European segments for passenger cars, and is described as "large cars". It is equivalent to the Euro NCAP "large family car" size class, and the present-day definition of the mid-size car category used in North America.

  4. Car classification - Wikipedia

    The largest category of small cars is called C-segment or small family car in Europe, and compact car in the United States. The size of a compact car is defined by the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), as having a combined interior and cargo volume of 100–109 cu ft (2.8–3.1 m 3 ).

  5. Compact car - Wikipedia

    Compact car is a vehicle size class — predominantly used in North America — that sits between subcompact cars and mid-size cars. The present-day definition is equivalent to the European C-segment or the British term "small family car". However, prior to the downsizing of the United States car industry in the 1970s and 1980s, larger vehicles ...

    • Definitions
    • American Market
    • European Market
    • Japanese Market
    • UK Market

    Cur­rent com­pact car size, as de­fined by the United States En­vi­ron­men­tal Pro­tec­tion Agency (EPA), for the US and for in­ter­na­tional mod­els re­spec­tively, is ap­prox­i­mately 4,100 mm (161 in) and 4,450 mm (175 in) long for hatch­backs, or 4,400 mm (173 in) and 4,750 mm (187 in) long for con­vert­ibles, sedans (sa­loon) or sta­tion wag­ons (es­tate car)[citation needed]. Multi-pur­pose ve­hi­cles and sport util­ity ve­hi­cles based on small fam­ily cars (often called com­pact MPVs and com­pact SUVs) have sim­i­lar sizes, rang­ing from 4,200 mm (165 in) to 4,500 mm (177 in) in the U.S., and from 4,400 mm (173 in) to 4,700 mm (185 in) in in­ter­na­tional-based mod­els. In Japan, any ve­hi­cle that is over 3,400 mm (133.9 in) long, 1,480 mm (58.3 in) wide, 2,000 mm (78.7 in) high and with an en­gine over 660 cc (40 cu in) but is under 4,700 mm (185.0 in) long, 1,700 mm (66.9 in) wide, 2,000 mm (78.7 in) high and with en­gines at or under 2,000 cc (120 cu in) is con­sid­ered...

    Com­pact car is a largely North Amer­i­can term de­not­ing an au­to­mo­bile smaller than a mid-size car, but larger than a sub­com­pact car. Com­pact cars usu­ally have wheel­bases be­tween 100 inches (2,540 mm) and 109 inches (2,769 mm). The United States En­vi­ron­men­tal Pro­tec­tion Agency (EPA) de­fines a "com­pact" car as mea­sur­ing be­tween 100 cubic feet (2.8 m3) and 109 cubic feet (3.1 m3) of com­bined pas­sen­ger and cargo vol­ume ca­pac­ity. Ve­hi­cle class size is de­fined in the U.S. by en­vi­ron­men­tal laws in the Code of Fed­eral Reg­u­la­tions, Title 40—Pro­tec­tion of En­vi­ron­ment, Sec­tion 600.315-82 Classes of com­pa­ra­ble automobiles. Pas­sen­ger car classes are de­fined based on in­te­rior vol­ume index or seat­ing ca­pac­ity, ex­cept au­to­mo­biles clas­si­fied as a spe­cial ve­hi­cle such as those with only two des­ig­nated seat­ing po­si­tions. In the United States, the com­pact car seg­ment cur­rently holds a 16% share of the market.This seg­ment is dom...

    Ac­cord­ing to 2011 sales, com­pact cars are cur­rently the sec­ond seg­ment in Eu­rope after the sub­com­pact one (which in Eu­rope cor­re­sponds to A-seg­ment + B-seg­ment), with ap­prox­i­mately 3 mil­lion units sold. The world's first hatch­back, the 1958 FR lay­out Austin A40 Fa­rina Coun­try­man. Be­cause of the Volk­swa­gen Golf's de­f­i­n­i­tion and long stand­ing dom­i­nance of this class it is often re­ferred to as the "Golf seg­ment" in much of Europe.

    In 1955, the Japan­ese Min­istry of In­ter­na­tional Trade and In­dus­try set forth a goal to all Japan­ese mak­ers at that time to cre­ate what was called a "na­tional car". The con­cept stip­u­lated that the ve­hi­cle be able to main­tain a max­i­mum speed over 100 km/h (62 mph), weigh below 400 kg (882 lbs), fuel con­sump­tion at 30 km/L (85 mpg‑imp; 71 mpg‑US) or more, at an av­er­age speed of 60 km/h (37 mph) on a level road, and not re­quire main­te­nance or sig­nif­i­cant ser­vice for at least 100,000 km (62,000 mi). This es­tab­lished a "com­pact car" tar­get that was larger than what has be­come known as the "light car" or the kei car. Under Japan­ese reg­u­la­tions, this class is de­fined as ve­hi­cles at or less than 4.7 m (15.4 ft) long, 1.7 m (5.6 ft) wide, 2 m (6.6 ft) high and with en­gines at or under 2,000 cc (120 cu in). In­te­rior di­men­sions and avail­able cargo space are not taken into con­sid­er­a­tion. All ve­hi­cles in Japan, re­gard­less of orig­i­na­tion o...


    Small fam­ily sa­loons had a strong fol­low­ing among car buy­ers in the UK as the 1970s dawned, and en­joyed a pop­u­lar­ity sim­i­lar to that of larger fam­ily cars such as the suc­cess­ful Ford Cortina. These two sec­tors were in fact dom­i­nant of the new car mar­ket at this time, as the Mini and - to a lesser de­gree - the Hill­man Imp were the only pop­u­lar mini-cars at this time. The Mor­ris/Austin 1100/1300 had been Britain's best sell­ing car for most of the time since its launch in...


    The MK3 Ford Es­cort went on sale in the au­tumn of 1980 re­plac­ing the rear-drive sa­loon for­mat in favour of hatch­backs and front-wheel drive. It was avail­able in sev­eral ver­sions, as well as the Orion sa­loon that was launched in 1983. Vaux­hall's Astra en­tered the mar­ket with the 1984 MK2 model. Austin Rover, as British Ley­land was now called, re­placed the Al­le­gro in early 1983 with the all-new Mae­stro. The ven­ture with Japan­ese car­maker Honda saw the launch of the Tri­ump...


    Ford began the 1990s by re­plac­ing its 10-year-old Es­cort (and the Orion sa­loon ver­sion) with an all-new model. The Es­cort was Britain's best sell­ing small fam­ily car through­out the decade.[citation needed] Its even­tual suc­ces­sor - the Focus - went on sale in Sep­tem­ber 1998. Vaux­hall re­ju­ve­nated its Astra with the launch of an all-new model in Oc­to­ber 1991, and in early 1998 with a new ver­sion. The 200 Se­ries was launched dur­ing the au­tumn of 1989, and its suc­ces­sor w...

  6. BMW - Wikipedia

    The BMW 5 Series mid-size sedan range was introduced in 1972, followed by the BMW 3 Series compact sedans in 1975, the BMW 6 Series luxury coupes in 1976 and the BMW 7 Series large luxury sedans in 1978. The BMW M division released its first road car, a mid-engine supercar, in 1978.

  7. Peugeot - Wikipedia

    Armand Peugeot built the company's first car, an unreliable steam tricycle, in collaboration with Léon Serpollet in 1889; this was followed in 1890 by an internal combustion car with a Panhard-Daimler engine. Due to family discord, Armand Peugeot founded the Société des Automobiles Peugeot, in 1896.

  8. קובץ:Stella Lux, a solar-powered family car.jpg – ויקיפדיהקובץ:Stella_Lux,_a...

    English: This is Stella Lux, a solar-powered family car built by Solar Team Eindhoven, a student team from the Eindhoven University of Technology. Nederlands: Dit is Stella Lux, een gezinsauto op zonne-energie gebouwd door Solar Team Eindhoven bestaande uit studenten van de Technische Universiteit Eindhoven.

  9. Camping - Wikipedia

    Camping is an outdoor activity involving overnight stays away from home in a shelter, such as a tent or a recreational vehicle.Typically participants leave developed areas to spend time outdoors in more natural ones in pursuit of activities providing them enjoyment.