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  1. en.wikipedia.org › wiki › FeudalismFeudalism - Wikipedia

    Feudalism, also known as the feudal system, was the combination of the legal, economic, military, and cultural customs that flourished in medieval Europe between the 9th and 15th centuries. Broadly defined, it was a way of structuring society around relationships that were derived from the holding of land in exchange for service or labour.

    • Definition

      There is no commonly accepted modern definition of...

    • Etymology

      The root of the term "feudal" originates in the...

    • History

      Feudalism, in its various forms, usually emerged as a result...

    • Feudal society

      The phrase "feudal society" as defined by Marc Bloch offers...

    • Characteristics
    • Marxism
    • Notes and References
    • Other Websites
    • Bibliography

    Under feudalism, taxes were not paid with money. Instead, they were paid in services (like free labor) and products (like crops). A serf had to pay taxes of grain to their vassal. A vassal had to pay taxes of grain to their lord. They had to use the lord’s granaries to grind the grain. A vassal also had to give other taxes and gifts to their lord. ...

    According to Karl Marx, feudalism was the stage of society before capitalism and after slavery. Feudalism eventually ended because of fighting between lords and serfs. Capitalism appeared next. Marx said that people were no better off under capitalism than they had been under feudalism. Instead of the lords exploiting the serfs, now it was the bour...

    Philip Daileader (2001). "Feudalism". The High Middle Ages. The Teaching Company. ISBN 978-1-56585-827-5

    "Feudalism" Archived 2007-05-04 at the Wayback Machine, by Gerhard Rempel, Western New England College
    "Feudalism, Self-employment, and the 1949 Chinese Revolution" Archived 2021-03-07 at the Wayback Machine, by Satya J. Gabriel, Mount Holyoke College
    Bloch, Marc (1961). Feudal Society. University of Chicago Press. ISBN 978-0-226-05979-2.
    Francois-Lois Ganshof, Feudalism.Tr Philip Grierson. New York: Harper and Row, 1964.
    Jean-Pierre Poly and Eric Bournazel, The Feudal Transformation, 900-1200., Tr. Caroline Higgitt. New York and London: Holmes and Meier, 1991.
    Reynolds, Susan (1996). Fiefs and Vassals: The Medieval Evidence Reinterpreted. Oxford University Press on Demand. ISBN 0-19-820648-8.
  2. Conjunto de instituciones que respaldan compromisos generalmente militares, entre un hombre libre, el vasallo ( vasallus, vassus) y un hombre libre en situación superior. El primero recibe del segundo un feudo ( feodum, feudum) para su mantenimiento. Puede definirse el feudalismo como un conjunto de instituciones que crean y rigen obligaciones ...

    • Overview
    • Western European Feudalism
    • "Semi-feudal" (non-Western European) feudalism
    • Modern traces

    Examples of feudalism are helpful to fully understand feudalism and feudal society. Feudalism was practiced in many different ways, depending on location and time period, thus a high-level encompassing conceptual definition does not always provide a reader with the intimate understanding that detailed historical examples provide.

    Feudalism in 12th century Norman England was among the better structured and established in Europe at the time. However, it could be structurally complex, which is illustrated by the example of the feudal barony of Stafford as described in a survey of knight's fees made in 1166 a

    Among the complexities of feudal arrangements, there existed no guarantee that contracts between lord and vassal would be honored, and feudal contracts saw little enforcement from those with greater authority. This often resulted in the wealthier and more powerful party taking ad

    Portugal, originally a part of the Kingdom of León, was an example of a feudal society, according to Marc Bloch. Portugal has its roots in a feudal state in northern Iberia, the County of Portugal, established in 868 within the Kingdom of Asturias. The Vímara Peres, the ...

    Outside of a medieval European historical context, the concept of feudalism is generally used by analogy, most often in discussions of Japan under the shōguns, Thai sakdinaand, sometimes, nineteenth-century Ethiopia. However, some have taken the feudalism analogy further, seeing it in places as diverse as Ancient Egypt, the Parthian Empire, India, ...

    For full discussion, see Scots feudal law Scots law is quite different from English law. One scholar explained it in 1924 as following: It is a law of Roman and feudal origin which has been adapted in the course of eight centuries by legislation and by judicial decisions to the n

    Unique in England, the village of Laxton in Nottinghamshire continues to retain some vestiges of the feudal system in which the land is still farmed using the open field system. The feudal court now meets only annually, with its authority now restricted to management of the farml

    The tiny island of Sark, in the Channel Islands, was arguably the last feudal state in Europe until April 9, 2008. The island was a fiefdom of the larger nearby island of Guernsey and administered independently by a Seigneur, who was a vassal to the land's owner, the Queen of the

  3. sco.wikipedia.org › wiki › FeudalismFeudalism - Wikipedia

    Frae Wikipedia, the free beuk o knawledge Feudalism wis a combination o legal an militar customs in medieval Europe that flourished atween the 9t an 15t centuries. Braidly defined, it wis a wey o structurin society aroond relationships derived frae the hauldin o laund in exchynge for service or labour.

  4. ro.wikipedia.org › wiki › FeudalismFeudalism - Wikipedia

    Feudalism. Feudalismul este un sistem politico-economico-social, corespunzând Evului Mediu european, caracterizat prin preponderența economiei de subzistență asupra celei de piață, prin înzestrarea producătorului direct cu utilaje de producție, în timp ce pământul este în general proprietatea cu caracter personal a stăpânului ...

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