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  1. Frederick III, Elector of Saxony - Wikipedia › wiki › Frederick_III,_Elector_of

    Frederick III (17 January 1463 – 5 May 1525), also known as Frederick the Wise (German Friedrich der Weise), was Elector of Saxony from 1486 to 1525, who is mostly remembered for the worldly protection of his subject Martin Luther.

    • Biography

      Born in Torgau, he succeeded his father as elector in 1486;...

  2. Frederick III, Elector of Saxony — Wikipedia Republished ... › en › Frederick_III,_Elector_of_Saxony

    Dec 23, 2020 · Fred­er­ick III (17 Jan­u­ary 1463 – 5 May 1525), also known as Fred­er­ick the Wise (Ger­man Friedrich der Weise), was Elec­tor of Sax­ony from 1486 to 1525, who is mostly re­mem­bered for the worldly pro­tec­tion of his sub­ject Mar­tin Luther.

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  4. Frederick III, Elector Palatine - Wikipedia › Frederick_III,_Elector_Palatine

    Frederick III of Simmern, the Pious, Elector Palatine of the Rhine (14 February 1515 – 16 October 1576) was a ruler from the house of Wittelsbach, branch Palatinate-Simmern - Sponheim. He was a son of John II of Simmern and inherited the Palatinate from the childless Elector Otto-Henry, Elector Palatine (Ottheinrich) in 1559.

  5. Electorate of Saxony - Wikipedia › wiki › Electorate_of_Saxony
    • Overview
    • Formation and Ascanian rule
    • Wettin rule
    • Protestant Reformation
    • Schmalkaldic War
    • Thirty Years' War

    The Electorate of Saxony was a state of the Holy Roman Empire established when Emperor Charles IV raised the Ascanian duchy of Saxe-Wittenberg to the status of an Electorate by the Golden Bull of 1356. Upon the extinction of the House of Ascania, it was feoffed to the Margraves of Meissen from the Wettin dynasty in 1423, who moved the ducal residence up the river Elbe to Dresden. After the Empire's dissolution in 1806, the Wettin Electors raised Saxony to a territorially reduced kingdom. Elector

    After the dissolution of the medieval Duchy of Saxony, the name Saxony was first applied to a small territory midway along the river Elbe, around the city of Wittenberg, which had formerly belonged to the March of Lusatia. Around 1157 it was held by Albert the Bear, the first Margrave of Brandenburg. When Emperor Frederick Barbarossa deposed the Saxon duke, Henry the Lion in 1180, the Wittenberg lands belonged to Albert's youngest son, Count Bernhard of Anhalt, who assumed the Saxon ducal title.

    The Ascanian line of Saxe-Wittenberg became extinct with the death of Elector Albert III in 1422, after which Emperor Sigismund granted the country and electoral privilege upon Margrave Frederick IV of Meissen, who had been a loyal supporter in the Hussite Wars. The late Albert's Ascanian relative, Duke Eric V of Saxe-Lauenburg protested in vain. Frederick, one of the seven Prince-electors, was a member of the House of Wettin, which since 1089 had ruled over the adjacent Margravate of Meissen up

    The Protestant movement of the 16th century largely spread under the protection of the Saxon rulers. Ernest's son, Elector Frederick the Wise established in 1502 the University at Wittenberg, where the Augustinian monk, Martin Luther, was appointed professor of philosophy in 1508. At the same time he became one of the preachers at the castle church in Wittenberg. On 31 October 1517, he enclosed in a protest letter to Albert of Brandenburg the Archbishop of Mainz, The Ninety-five Theses against t

    Meanwhile, in the Albertine lands Duke Albert's son, George, founder of the Catholic League of Dessau, was a strong opponent of the Lutheran doctrine and had repeatedly sought to influence his Ernestine cousins in favour of the Catholic Church. However, George's brother and successor, Duke Henry IV of Saxony, was finally won over to Protestantism under the influence of his wife, Catherine of Mecklenburg, and thus the Catholic diocese of Meissen came to be abolished. Henry's son and successor, Du

    The Thirty Years' War occurred during the reign of Elector John George. In this struggle, the Elector was at first neutral, and for a long time he would not listen to the overtures of King Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden. Not until the Imperial General Johann Tserclaes of Tilly advanced into Saxony did the Elector join the forces of the Swedish Empire. However, after the 1634 Battle of Nördlingen, the Elector concluded the Peace of Prague with Emperor Ferdinand II in 1635. By this treaty ...

  6. Frederick II, Elector of Saxony - Wikipedia › Frederick_II,_Elector_of_Saxony
    • Overview
    • Biography
    • Family and issue

    Frederick II, The Gentle was Elector of Saxony and was Landgrave of Thuringia.

    Frederick was born in Leipzig, the eldest of the seven children of Frederick I, Elector of Saxony, and Catherine of Brunswick and Lunenburg. After the death of his father in 1428 he took over the government together with his younger brothers William III, Henry and Sigismund. In 1433 the Wettins finally concluded peace with the Hussites and in 1438 Frederick led Saxon forces to victory in the Battle of Sellnitz. That same year it was considered the first federal state parliament of Saxony. The pa

    In Leipzig on 3 June 1431 Frederick married Margaret of Austria, the daughter of Ernest of Austria and Cymburgis of Masovia. They had eight children

  7. Frederick I, Elector of Saxony - Wikipedia › wiki › Frederick_I,_Elector_of_Saxony
    • Overview
    • Biography
    • Family

    Frederick I, the Belligerent or the Warlike, a member of the House of Wettin, ruled as Margrave of Meissen from 1407 and Elector of Saxony from 1423 until his death. He is not to be confused with his cousin Landgrave Frederick IV of Thuringia, the son of Landgrave Balthasar.

    He was the eldest son of Frederick III, Landgrave of Thuringia, and Catherine of Henneberg. After the death of his uncle William I, Margrave of Meissen in 1407, he was made governor of the Margraviate of Meissen together with his brother William II as well as with his cousin Frederick IV, until their possessions were divided in 1410 and 1415. In the German town war of 1388 he assisted Frederick V of Hohenzollern, burgrave of Nuremberg, and in 1391 did the same for the Teutonic Order against Wlad

    Frederick I married Catherine of Brunswick-Lüneburg, daughter of Henry the Mild, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg on 7 February 1402 and had 7 children: Catherine, died young; Frederick II, Elector of Saxony; Sigismund, Bishop of Würzburg,; Anna,, married to Louis I, Landgrave of Hesse; Catherine,, married to Frederick II, Elector of Brandenburg; Henry,; William III, Duke of Luxemburg, Landgrave of Thuringia; 1. married firstly, in 1446, Archduchess Anne of Austria 2. married secondly, in 1463 ...

  8. Frederick III, Elector of Saxony - The Reader Wiki, Reader ... › en › Frederick_III,_Elector_of

    Frederick III (17 January 1463 – 5 May 1525), also known as Frederick the Wise (German Friedrich der Weise), was Elector of Saxony from 1486 to 1525, who is mostly remembered for the worldly protection of his subject Martin Luther.

  9. Frederick Christian, Elector of Saxony - Wikipedia › wiki › Frederick_Christian
    • Overview
    • Early life
    • Marriage
    • Reign as Elector

    Frederick Christian was the Prince-Elector of Saxony for fewer than three months in 1763. He was a member of the House of Wettin. He was the third but eldest surviving son of Frederick Augustus II, Prince-Elector of Saxony and King of Poland, by his wife, Maria Josepha of Austria. Frederick Christian Portrait by Gottfried Boy, 1751 Elector of Saxony Reign5 October – 17 December 1763 PredecessorFrederick Augustus II SuccessorFrederick Augustus III Born5 September 1722 Residenzschloss...

    A weak child since his birth, he suffered paralysis in one foot and was dependent on wheelchairs early in life. In a well-known portrait, which shows his Wettin and Wittelsbach relatives around him, he appears in his wheelchair. Today, this painting is shown in the Schloss Nymphenburg. His mother tried repeatedly to induce him to take monastic vows and renounce his succession rights in favour of his younger brothers, but he refused.

    In Munich on 13 June 1747 and again in Dresden on 20 June 1747, Frederick Christian married his cousin Maria Antonia of Bavaria. Like him, she was exceptionally talented in music and the couple had nine children.

    One of his first acts as Elector was the dismissal of the extremely unpopular prime minister, the Count Heinrich von Brühl, who had plunged Saxony into crisis, first with his failed economic policy, but particularly by his catastrophic foreign policy, which caused the Electorate to become involved in the Seven Years' War.

  10. Frederick III, Landgrave of Thuringia - Wikipedia › wiki › en:Frederick_III

    After Frederick III's death, Meissen was divided between his three sons and Thuringia was inherited by his brothers; it later passed to his nephew Frederick IV, Landgrave of Thuringia, son of his brother Balthasar, and was ultimately inherited by Frederick the Strict's grandson, Frederick II, Elector of Saxony.

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