The denier (Latin: denarius; abbr. d.) or penny was a medieval coin which takes its name from the Frankish coin first issued in the late seventh century; in English it is sometimes referred to as a silver penny.
Denier may refer to: . the French form of denarius (penny) . French denier (penny), a type of medieval coin; Denier (unit), a unit of linear mass density of fibers Denier, also Denyer, a French and English surname (probably a metonymic occupational name for a moneyer or minter, hence also a (rare) given name
Jul 30, 2020 · denier (plural deniers) (now historical) An old French coin worth one-twelfth of a sou. 2011, Norman Davies, Vanished Kingdoms, Penguin 2012, p. 117: A bronze denier bearing the inscription CONRADUS around a central cross, was minted in Lugdunum.
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The denier is based on a natural reference: a single strand of silk is approximately one denier; a 9000-meter strand of silk weighs about one gram. The term denier comes from the French denier, a coin of small value (worth 1 ⁄ 12 sou). Applied to yarn, a denier was held to be equal in weight to 1 ⁄ 24 ounce (1.2 g).
Lydie Denier (born 15 April 1964) is a French model and actress. She has appeared in numerous TV series and films. Biography Early life. This section of a ...
- Actress, model
- 15 April 1964 (age 56), Saint-Nazaire, France
- Model: 1978–, Actress: 1985—
Different mints in different regions used different weights for the denier, leading to several distinct livres of different values. "Livre" is a homonym of the French word for "book" (from the Latin word liber), the distinction being that the two have a different gender. The monetary unit is feminine, la/une livre, while "book" is masculine, le ...
The denier tournois coin was initially minted by the abbey of Saint Martin in the Touraine region of France. Soon after Philip II of France seized the counties of Anjou and Touraine in 1203 and standardized the use of the livre tournois there, the livre tournois began to supersede the livre parisis (Paris pound) which had been up to that point the official currency of the Capetian dynasty.
The Faurisson affair was an academic controversy in the wake of a book, Memoire en defense (1980), by French professor Robert Faurisson, a Holocaust denier.The scandal largely dealt with the inclusion of an essay by American linguist Noam Chomsky, entitled "Some Elementary Comments on the Rights of Freedom of Expression", as an introduction to Faurisson's book, without Chomsky's knowledge or ...
The name is also used in reference to various historical currencies also derived from the Carolingian system, such as the French denier and the German pfennig. It may also be informally used to refer to any similar smallest-denomination coin, such as the euro cent or Chinese fen.
French literature professor Robert Faurisson, for example, was convicted and punished under the Gayssot Act in 1990. Some historians oppose such laws, among them Pierre Vidal-Naquet , an outspoken critic of Faurisson, on the grounds that denial legislation imposes "historical truth as legal truth".