Hero of the Russian Federation (Russian: Герой Российской Федерации), also unofficially Hero of Russia (Russian: Герой России), is the highest honorary title of the Russian Federation. The title comes with a Gold Star medal, an insignia of honour that identifies recipients.
The title "Hero of Russia" is a successor to Hero of the...
The title of Hero of the Russian Federation can be awarded...
The insignia of the title of "Hero of the Russian...
This is a list of people who have been awarded the title Hero of the Russian Federation. It has been awarded over 1000 times, over 400 of which were posthumous. List of Heroes of the Russian Federation
Hero of Labour of the Russian Federation (Russian: Герой Труда Российской Федерации) is a state award of the Russian Federation.The title is awarded to citizens of the Russian Federation for special services in labour to the state and its people associated with the achievement of outstanding results in public, social and economic activities aimed at ensuring the ...
- Citizens of the Russian Federation
- May 1, 2013
- March 29, 2013
Sep 04, 2020 · Hero of the Russian Federation. ... Q16482168. 1 reference. imported from Wikimedia project. Russian Wikipedia. subclass of. ... Hero of Labour of the Russian Federation.
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The title was created from a decree issued by Russian President Boris Yeltsin on March 20, 1992, replacing the Soviet titles Hero of the Soviet Union and Hero of Socialist Labor. Decree No. 2553-I contained the criteria for the title (see below) and the design of a "Gold Star" medal that accompanies the title. Article 71 of the Constitution of Russia permits titles, orders and medals to be presented by the government, and Article 89 gives the Russian president power to create state awards.This is the highest honour that can be presented by the Russian president to anyone. Unlike the Soviet hero titles, there are no other medals or orders that are presented with the Russian hero title.
Decree No. 2553-I states that the title can be awarded to a person who performs a heroic deed while in the service of the state and the people. Both civilians and military personnel can receive the award. The title can also be awarded posthumously if the heroic act costs the recipient his or her life. The medal has been awarded posthumously approximately 340 times, primarily to people involved in the first and second wars in Chechnya.
The design of the Gold Star medal (медаль "Золотая Звезда"') was set out in Decree No. 2553-I and is similar to that of the medal for the Soviet title Hero of the Soviet Union. The ribbon that is used on a rectangle [boot-tree] suspension device is sized 19.5 mm high by 15 mm wide and is colored white, blue, and red. The design of the ribbon was based on the flag of Russia. The pentagonal star that is suspended from the boot-tree device has a diameter of 15 mm and does not have any design on the front. On the reverse, the words "Hero of Russia" (Герой России) appear in a 2x4 mm convex font, and a 1 mm serial number is placed in the top ray. The serial number shows how many times the award has been presented (i.e. SN 164 indicates that the medal was the 164th one bestowed). On the reverse of the boot-tree device, there is a fastening device that consists of a pin and hook, which is used to affix the medal to clothing. The medal itself is made out of gold and weighs about 21.5 grams....
The majority of recipients of the title fall into two categories: participants in the Chechnya conflicts or cosmonauts. While each cosmonaut that goes into space automatically receives the title, those who were awarded for service in Chechnya usually receive their titles for either heroism in combat or for leading the pro- Moscow government. On some occasions, the person who was awarded the title was killed while in the course of duty. This includes those killed in battle as well as assassinated government officials. An example of such a recipient was Akhmad Kadyrov, the former governor of Chechnya. The pro-Moscow leader was killed in a bomb attack during the 2004 Victory Day parade in the Chechen capital of Grozny. Several days after Akhmad was killed, President Vladimir Putin awarded him the title. Some time after the incident, Putin awarded Kadyrov's son, Ramzan, the same title for his work in Chechnya. All Russian cosmonauts are awarded the title of Hero of the Russian Federatio...
In some cases, the title has been bestowed upon people who either committed dishonorable acts after they have been presented the title or whose actions to earn the title were questionable. In the first category, for example, was a military officer named Yuri Budanov, who was awarded the title for his actions in Chechnya. In 2000, he went into the home of Elza Kungaeva, whom Budanov alleged was a sniper that killed some of his officers. The Russian government said that Budanov took Kungaeva from her home and brought her to a regimental base. Then, Budanov was accused of interrogating her and possibly raping her before allowing her to be beaten to death, and ordering three of his soldiers to place her in a shallow grave. Though the charges were dismissed in 2002 due to Budanov being declared "insane" during the incident,he was convicted of the charges and sent to prison for 10 years. Another Chechen veteran, Vladimir Glebov, was arrested for similar charges involving an incident with...
The title Hero of the Soviet Union (Russian: Герой Советского Союза, romanized: Geroy Sovietskogo Soyuza) was the highest distinction in the Soviet Union, awarded personally or collectively for heroic feats in service to the Soviet state and society.
Oct 13, 2016 · Hero of the Russian Federation is the highest honorary title of the Russian Federation.A person that has been bestown this title also receives a Gold Star medal, an insignia of honor that ...
- 8 min
- The State Prize
- Hero of The Russian Federation
- Order of St. Andrew The Apostle
The State Prize of the Russian Federation was established in 1992 with the emergence of the new Russia, out of the debris of the collapsed USSR. It’s the successor to the Soviet State Prize which, in turn, was a continuation of a similar Stalin award. Stalin Prizes were introduced in 1940 for achievements in science, culture, military, arts, and “advancing the methods of production work.” They had three degrees and were awarded during Stalin’s life. The first degreeprize was 100,000 rubles (the equivalent of $19,000 using an official Soviet exchange rate of the time). It’s argued that funding for the prizes came from royalties from abroad earned by Stalin’s own publications. Several people received Stalin Prizes more than once. Aircraft designer Sergei Ilyushin - who developed, among other planes, the Il-2 ground-attack aircraft - was awarded the honor a record seven times. After the 20th Party Congress when Nikita Khrushchev commenced his famous de-Stalinization campaign, Stalin’s...
The Hero of Russia honor is the highest award and title given by the state. It’s handed out for outstanding heroic deeds. When the person gets the award they are usually immortalized with a bust. As in the case of the State Prize, the award is a continuation of Soviet tradition. The Hero of the USSR title existed from 1934 until the collapse of the country. The first to receive the award were the pilots who took part in the search and rescue operation of the crew from the “Chelyuskin” steamship that was crushed by ice in Arctic waters. The last person to receive the Soviet Hero award was diver Leonid Solodkov on Dec,24, 1991 when the USSR was counting its last days. Normally people were expected to say the words “I serve the USSR!” upon accepting the accolade but he simply said “Thank you” during the final days of the Soviet Union. The first Russian Hero award went to cosmonaut Sergei Krikalev for his space mission on orbit station “Mir.” The most recent award was also handed to a c...
Among the esteemed awards in Russia, there are also those not given by the state. The Orthodox Church also officially praises people - one such prize is the Order of St. Andrew the Apostle the First-Called. It was established three decades ago to mark 1,000 years since Russia’s christening. This order can be given to heads of local Orthodox churches who have championed Christianity in a special way. Only five people have so far received the award, among them Bartholomew I of Constantinople, the Ecumenical Patriarch, and the previous head of the Russian Church, Patriarch Alexy II. There is also a secular version of the Order of St. Andrew the Apostle award. It’s the highest Russian state decoration and was introduced by Peter the Great at the end of the 17th century before being restored by President Boris Yeltsin in 1998. One year later there was a scandal connected with the award. The famous writer Alexander Solzhenitsyn was given the order, but refused to take it. According to the...
Vasily Semyonovich Lanovoy (Russian: Василий Семёнович Лановой; born 16 January 1934) is a Russian actor. He works in the Vakhtangov Theatre , Moscow . He is also known as the President of Artek Festival of Films for Children.