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  1. House of Wittelsbach - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/House_of_Wittelsbach

    The House of Wittelsbach (German: Haus Wittelsbach) is a German-Bavarian dynasty, with branches that rule, or have ruled over territories including: Bavaria, Holland, Zeeland, Cologne, Sweden, Romania, Bohemia, Hungary, Denmark, Norway, Greece and the Holy Roman Empire.

  2. Category:House of Wittelsbach - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Category:House_of_Wittelsbach

    Pages in category "House of Wittelsbach" The following 200 pages are in this category, out of approximately 402 total. This list may not reflect recent changes ( learn more ).

  3. House of Wittelsbach - Simple English Wikipedia, the free ...

    simple.wikipedia.org/wiki/House_of_Wittelsbach

    The Wittelsbach family is a European royal family and a German dynasty from Bavaria.. Members of the family were rulers of Bavaria, either as Dukes, Electors or Kings, from 1180 until the revolution in 1918, after the defeat of Germany in World War I.

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    • Origin
    • Bavaria and Palatinate Within The Holy Roman Empire
    • Kingdom of Bavaria, 1806–1918
    • Activities During Nazi Regime, 1933–1945
    • Reign Outside The Holy Roman Empire
    • Major Members of The Family
    • Castles and Palaces
    • Coats of Arms
    • See Also
    • External Links

    Berthold, Mar­grave in Bavaria (died 980), was the an­ces­tor of Otto I, Count of Schey­ern (died 1072), whose third son Otto II, Count of Schey­ern ac­quired the cas­tle of Wit­tels­bach (near Aichach). The Counts of Schey­ern left Schey­ern Cas­tle (con­structed around 940) in 1119 for Wit­tels­bach Cas­tle and the for­mer was given to monks to es­tab­lish Schey­ern Abbey. Otto I's el­dest son Eck­hard I, Count of Schey­ern was fa­ther of the Count pala­tine of Bavaria Otto IV (died 1156), who was the first Count of Wit­tels­bach and whose son Otto was in­vested with the Duchy of Bavaria in 1180 after the fall of Henry the Lion and hence the first Bavar­ian ruler from the House of Wit­tels­bach. Duke Otto's son Louis I, Duke of Bavaria ac­quired also the Elec­torate of the Palati­natein 1214.

    The Wit­tels­bach dy­nasty ruled the Ger­man ter­ri­to­ries of Bavaria from 1180 to 1918 and the Elec­torate of the Palati­nate from 1214 until 1805; in 1815 the lat­ter ter­ri­tory was partly in­cor­po­rated as Rhine Palati­nate into Bavaria, which Napoleonel­e­vated to a king­dom in 1806. On Duke Otto II's death in 1253, his sons di­vided the Wit­tels­bach pos­ses­sions be­tween them: Henry be­came Duke of Lower Bavaria, and Louis IIDuke of Upper Bavaria and Count Pala­tine of the Rhine. When Henry's branch died out in 1340 the Em­peror Louis IV, a son of Duke Louis II, re­united the duchy. The fam­ily pro­vided two Holy Roman Em­per­ors: Louis IV (1314–1347) and Charles VII (1742–1745), both mem­bers of the Bavar­ian branch of the fam­ily, and one Ger­man King with Ru­pert of the Palati­nate(1400–1410), a mem­ber of the Palati­nate branch. The House of Wit­tels­bach split into these two branches in 1329: Under the Treaty of Pavia, Em­peror Louis IV granted the Palati­nate in­clud...

    Under Max­i­m­il­ian's de­scen­dants, Bavaria be­came the third most pow­er­ful Ger­man state, be­hind only Prus­sia and Aus­tria. It was also far-and-away the most pow­er­ful sec­ondary state. When the Ger­man Em­pire was formed in 1871, Bavaria be­came the new em­pire's sec­ond most pow­er­ful state after Prus­sia. The Wit­tels­bachs reigned as kings of Bavaria until 1918. On 12 No­vem­ber 1918 Lud­wig III is­sued the Anif de­c­la­ra­tion (Ger­man: An­i­fer Erklärung) at Anif Palace, Aus­tria, in which he re­leased his sol­diers and of­fi­cials from their oath of loy­alty to him and ended the 738-year rule of the House of Wit­tels­bach in Bavaria.The re­pub­li­can move­ment there­upon de­clared a re­pub­lic.

    Dur­ing the Sec­ond World War, the Wit­tels­bachs were anti-Nazi.[citation needed] The fam­ily ini­tially left Ger­many for Hun­gary, but were even­tu­ally ar­rested. Fam­ily mem­bers spent time in sev­eral Nazi con­cen­tra­tion camps in­clud­ing Oranien­burg and Dachau.

    With Duke Otto III of Lower Bavaria, who was a ma­ter­nal grand­son of Béla IV of Hun­gary and was elected anti-king of Hun­gary and Croa­tia as Bela V (1305–1308) the Wit­tels­bach dy­nasty came to power out­side the Holy Roman Em­pirefor the first time. Otto had ab­di­cated the Hun­gar­ian throne by 1308.

    Patrilineal descent

    Duke Franz's pa­tri­line is the line from which he is de­scended fa­ther to son. Pa­tri­lin­eal de­scent is the prin­ci­ple be­hind mem­ber­ship in royal houses, as it can be traced back through the gen­er­a­tions. 1. Otto I, Count of Scheyern, 1044–1072 2. Eckhard I, Count of Scheyern, d. before 1088 3. Otto IV, Count of Wittelsbach, 1083–1156 4. Otto I Wittelsbach, Duke of Bavaria, 1117–1183 5. Louis I, Duke of Bavaria, 1173–1231 6. Otto II Wittelsbach, Duke of Bavaria, 1206–1253 7. Louis I...

    Bavarian branch

    1. Louis V, Margrave of Brandenburg, Duke of Bavaria and Count of Tyrol(1323–1361) 2. Albert I, Duke of Bavaria, Count of Holland and Hainaut(1347–1404) 3. Isabeau de Bavière (1371–1435), queen-consort of France 4. Ernest, Duke of Bavaria (1397–1438) duke of Bavaria-Munich 5. Albert III, Duke of Bavaria (1438–1460) duke of Bavaria-Munich 6. Jacqueline, Countess of Hainaut and Holland(1417–1432) 7. Albert IV, Duke of Bavaria(1465–1508) 8. William IV, Duke of Bavaria (1508–1550), co-regent Loui...

    Palatinate branch

    1. Frederick I, Elector Palatine(1451–1476) 2. Frederick III, Elector Palatine(1559–1576) 3. Frederick V, Elector Palatine(1610–1623), King of Bohemia (the "Winter King") 4. Charles I Louis, Elector Palatine(1648–1680) 5. Prince Rupert of the Rhine(1619–1682) 6. Sophia of the Palatine (1630–1714), daughter of Frederick V, heiress of Great Britain, mother of King George I 7. Elizabeth Charlotte, Princess Palatine(1652–1722) 8. Johann Wilhelm, Elector Palatine (1690–1718), his wife Anna Maria L...

    Bavaria

    Some of the most im­por­tant Bavar­ian cas­tles and palaces that were built by Wit­tels­bach rulers, or served as seats of rul­ing branch lines, are the fol­low­ing: 1. The Old Courtin Mu­nich 2. Mu­nich Res­i­denz by Michael Wen­ing 3. Nymphen­burg Palacein Mu­nich 4. Schleis­sheim Palacein Mu­nich 5. Traus­nitz Cas­tlein Land­shut 6. In­gol­stadt Cas­tle 7. Straub­ingCas­tle 8. Burghausen Cas­tle 9. Ho­hen­schwan­gau Cas­tle 10. Lin­der­hof Palace 11. Her­renchiem­seePalace 12. Neuschwanste...

    Palatinate branch

    Some of the most im­por­tant cas­tles and palaces of the Palati­nate Wit­tels­bach were: 1. Hei­del­berg Cas­tle1670 2. Mannheim Palace 3. Schwet­zin­gen Cas­tle 4. Neuburg Cas­tle (Bavaria) 5. Düssel­dorfCas­tle 6. Ben­rath Palacein Düssel­dorf 7. Bens­berg Cas­tle 8. ZweibrückenCas­tle 9. Birken­feldCas­tle 1645 10. SulzbachCas­tle 11. Neu­marktCas­tle 12. Sim­mernCas­tle 1648

    Electorate of Cologne

    From 1597 to 1794, Bonn was the cap­i­tal of the Elec­torate of Cologneand res­i­dence of the Arch­bish­ops and Prince-elec­tors of Cologne, most of them be­long­ing to the Bavar­ian branch of the House of Wit­tels­bach (from 1583 to 1761). 1. Elec­toral Palace, Bonn 2. Pop­pels­dorf Palace, Bonn 3. Au­gus­tus­burg Palace, Brühl

    A full ar­mo­r­ial of the Wit­tels­bach fam­ily can be found on the French-lan­guage Wikipedia at Ar­mo­r­ial of the House of Wit­tels­bach.

  5. House of Wittelsbach | Familypedia | Fandom

    familypedia.wikia.org/wiki/House_of_Wittelsbach
    • Origin
    • Bavaria and Palatinate Within The Holy Roman Empire
    • Kingdom of Bavaria, 1806–1918
    • Activities During Nazi Regime, 1933–1945
    • Reign Outside The Holy Roman Empire
    • Castles and Palaces
    • Coats of Arms
    • See Also
    • External Links

    Berthold, Margrave in Bavaria (died 980), was the ancestor of Otto I, Count of Scheyern (died 1072), whose third son Otto II, Count of Scheyern acquired the castle of Wittelsbach (near Aichach). The Counts of Scheyern left Scheyern Castle (constructed around 940) in 1119 for Wittelsbach Castle and the former was given to monks to establish Scheyern Abbey. The Wittelsbach Conrad of Scheyern-Dachau, a great-grandson of Otto I, Count of Scheyern became Duke of Merania in 1153 and was succeeded by his son Conrad II. It was the first Duchy held by the Wittelsbach family (until 1180/82). Otto I's eldest son Eckhard I, Count of Scheyern was father of the Count palatine of Bavaria Otto IV (died 1156), who was the first Count of Wittelsbach and whose son Otto was invested with the Duchy of Bavaria in 1180 after the fall of Henry the Lion and hence the first Bavarian ruler from the House of Wittelsbach. Duke Otto's son Louis I, Duke of Bavaria acquired also the Electorate of the Palatinatein...

    The Wittelsbach dynasty ruled the German territories of Bavaria from 1180 to 1918 and the Electorate of the Palatinate from 1214 until 1805; in 1815 the latter territory was partly incorporated as Rhine Palatinate into Bavaria, which Napoleonelevated to a kingdom in 1806. On Duke Otto II's death in 1253, his sons divided the Wittelsbach possessions between them: Henry became Duke of Lower Bavaria, and Louis IIDuke of Upper Bavaria and Count Palatine of the Rhine. When Henry's branch died out in 1340 the Emperor Louis IV, a son of Duke Louis II, reunited the duchy. The family provided two Holy Roman Emperors: Louis IV (1314–1347) and Charles VII (1742–1745), both members of the Bavarian branch of the family, and one German King with Rupert of the Palatinate(1400–1410), a member of the Palatinate branch. The House of Wittelsbach split into these two branches in 1329: Under the Treaty of Pavia, Emperor Louis IV granted the Palatinate including the Bavarian Upper Palatinate to his broth...

    Under Maximilian's descendants, Bavaria became the third most powerful German state, behind only Prussia and Austria. It was also far-and-away the most powerful secondary state. When the German Empire was formed in 1871, Bavaria became the new empire's second most powerful state after Prussia. The Wittelsbachs reigned as kings of Bavaria until 1918. On 12 November 1918 Ludwig III issued the Anif declaration (German: Anifer Erklärung) at Anif Palace, Austria, in which he released his soldiers and officials from their oath of loyalty to him and ended the 738-year rule of the House of Wittelsbach in Bavaria.The republican movement thereupon declared a republic.

    During the Second World War, the Wittelsbachs were anti-Nazi. The family initially left Germany for Hungary, but were eventually arrested. Family members spent time in several Nazi concentration camps including Oranienburg and Dachau.

    With Duke Otto III of Lower Bavaria, who was a maternal grandson of Béla IV of Hungary and was elected anti-king of Hungary and Croatia as Bela V (1305–1308) the Wittelsbach dynasty came to power outside the Holy Roman Empirefor the first time. Otto had abdicated the Hungarian throne by 1308.

    Bavaria

    Some of the most important Bavarian castles and palaces that were built by Wittelsbach rulers, or served as seats of ruling branch lines, are the following:

    Palatinate branch

    Some of the most important castles and palaces of the Palatinate Wittelsbach were:

    Electorate of Cologne

    From 1597 to 1794, Bonn was the capital of the Electorate of Cologneand residence of the Archbishops and Prince-electors of Cologne, most of them belonging to the Bavarian branch of the House of Wittelsbach (from 1583 to 1761).

    A full armorial of the Wittelsbach family can be found on the French-language Wikipedia at Armorial of the House of Wittelsbach.

    List of rulers of Bavaria
    Asteroid 90712 Wittelsbach, named in the castle and dynasty's honour
  6. Otto I, Duke of Bavaria - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Otto_I,_Duke_of_Bavaria

    Otto I (1117 – 11 July 1183), called the Redhead (German: der Rotkopf), was Duke of Bavaria from 1180 until his death. He was also called Otto VI as Count Palatine of Bavaria from 1156 to 1180.

  7. House of Wessex - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/House_of_Wessex

    The House of Wessex, also known as the House of Cerdic (Cerdicingas in Old English), refers to the family that initially ruled a kingdom in southwest England known as Wessex, from the 6th century under Cerdic of Wessex until the unification of the Kingdoms of England by Alfred the Great and his successors.

  8. Wittelsbach - Wikipedia, den frie encyklopædi

    da.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wittelsbach

    Wittelsbach er en tysk fyrsteslægt, der har navn efter borgen Wittelsbach ved Aichach i Oberbayern; den var Bayerns kongehus og et af verdens ældste.. Historie. Wittelsbach siges ifølge en legende at stamme fra Karl den Store gennem en sidelinje fra Leopold af Bayern (død 907).

  9. Wittelsbach – Wikipedija

    hr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wittelsbach

    Povijest obitelji Podrijetlo. Prvi poznati predak Wittelsbachovaca, bio je markgrof, kasnije vojvoda Liutpold († 907.). Njegovi potomci nosili su naslov grofova Scheyern. Godine 1115. grof Oton V. († 1155.) preselio se u utvrdu Wittelsbach nedaleko od Aichacha u Bavarskoj po kojoj je obitelj dobila