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      • Rome was the last city-state to become part of a unified Italy, and it did so only under duress, after the invasion of Italian troops in 1870. The pope took refuge in the Vatican thereafter. Rome was made the capital of Italy (not without protests from Florence, which had been the capital since 1865),...,Florence%2C%20which%20had%20been%20the%20capital%20since%201865%29%2C
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  2. Kingdom of Italy (Holy Roman Empire) - Wikipedia

    The Kingdom of Italy, also called Imperial Italy, was one of the constituent kingdoms of the Holy Roman Empire, along with the kingdoms of Germany, Bohemia, and Burgundy. It comprised northern and central Italy, but excluded the Republic of Venice and the Papal States. Its original capital was Pavia until the 11th century. In 773, Charlemagne, the King of the Franks, crossed the Alps to invade the Kingdom of the Lombards, which encompassed all of Italy except the Duchy of Rome and some Byzantine

  3. Founding of Rome - Wikipedia

    The tale of the founding of Rome is recounted in traditional stories handed down by the ancient Romans themselves as the earliest history of their city in terms of legend and myth. The most familiar of these myths, and perhaps the most famous of all Roman myths , is the story of Romulus and Remus , twins who were suckled by a she-wolf as ...

  4. Italian unification - Wikipedia

    The process began with the revolutions of 1848, inspired by previous rebellions in the 1820s and 1830s that contested the outcome of the Congress of Vienna, and was completed when Rome became the capital of the Kingdom of Italy.

  5. Italy - History | Britannica

    The Roman Empire was an international political system in which Italy was only a part, though an important part. When the empire fell, a series of barbarian kingdoms initially ruled the peninsula, but, after the Lombard invasion of 568–569, a network of smaller political entities arose throughout Italy.

  6. The Fall of Rome: How, When, and Why Did It Happen?

    Rome started out as a small, hilly settlement by the Tiber River in the middle of the Italian boot, surrounded by more powerful neighbors. By the time Rome became an empire, the territory covered by the term "Rome" looked completely different. It reached its greatest extent in the second century CE.

  7. The Influence of Ancient Rome on the Italian Renaissance

    Dec 01, 2017 · Q: What made Italy the right spot for the Italian Renaissance? France and England were engaged in the Hundred Years’ War. But Italy had the glory of ancient Rome and Greece and all the culture that it had spawned as well as a wealthy merchant class, very rich cities, and of course, the education that came with the Moors.

  8. Seven Times Rome Was Sacked - HISTORY

    Mar 25, 2019 · Their city preserved, and stung by the disaster, the Romans rose to become the superpower of the Mediterranean. VIDEO: The Visigoths Sack Rome In 410 A.D Alaric and the Visigoths sack Rome after ...

  9. The Origin and Decline of the Papal States

    The bishops of Rome first acquired lands around the city in the 4th century; these lands were known as the Patrimony of St. Peter.

  10. Christianity and the Roman Empire - BBC

    Feb 17, 2011 · Pagans were probably most suspicious of the Christian refusal to sacrifice to the Roman gods. This was an insult to the gods and potentially endangered the empire which they deigned to protect.

  11. Giuseppe Garibaldi | Biography, Significance, & Facts ...

    When Pius IX, threatened by liberal forces within the Papal States, fled from Rome toward the end of 1848, Garibaldi led a group of volunteers to that city. There, in February 1849, he was elected a deputy in the Roman Assembly, and it was he who proposed that Rome should become an independent republic.