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  1. Jan 21, 2013 · There are 34 political parties running in the Israeli general election on 22 January for 120 seats in the Knesset or parliament. LIKUD Likud finished in second place in the 2009 general election,...

    • Electoral System
    • Breadth of Party Influence
    • Political Issues
    • Intensity of Israeli Democracy
    • Modernization
    • Bibliography

    Israel's electoral system has led to both centralization of control within many parties and frequently to extreme fragmentation of the party system. Structurally, the country is a single constituency, with proportional representation. Voters cast their ballots for a single party list, and parties receive a number of seats in the Knesset in proporti...

    Another aspect of party activity is the legacy and breadth of party influence in the early years of statehood. In the prestate period and the early years of statehood, the importance of political parties was enhanced by their role in various quasi-governmental activities, including employment, education, housing, medical care, immigrant absorption,...

    The importance of small parties has also been magnified by the complexity of Israeli political issues. The political parties can be divided into five major groups, but the groups are not at all homogeneous, and many parties fit only partially into any group. These groups are (1) the left, which is generally socialist in domestic politics and concil...

    Each of the larger groupings of parties is made up of several subgroups, and each of these at one time or another has been a separate political party that ran candidates for the Knesset; many of them still consider themselves to be distinct. The result is what seems a never-ending series of political marriages and divorces, and even though both Lab...

    The role of political parties has been diminished by aspects of social, political, and economic modernization. These include an electorate increasingly likely to scrutinize the parties, a large increase in the number of Israelis who consider themselves independents, and dissatisfaction with all of the traditional political parties. The result is th...

    Arian, Alan. Politics in Israel: The Second Generation.Chatham, NJ: Chatham House, 1985. Arian, Alan. The Second Republic: Politics in Israel.Chatham, NJ: Chatham House, 1998. Arian, Alan, and Shamir, Michal. The Elections in Israel, 1996. Albany: State University of New YorkPress, 1999. Arian, Alan, and Shamir, Michal. The Elections in Israel, 199...

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  3. Dec 02, 2014 · In 2019, parties were running under 13 groupings — Likud, Labor, Blue & White, Kulanu, Shas, Ra'am-Balad, United Torah Judaism, Hadash-Ta'al, United Right, Meretz, Yisrael Beiteinu, New Right and...

  4. All of Israel’s governments have been coalition governments consisting of about 5-7 parties. A few times, Israel has had unifying governments consisting of the largest parties (especially with the Labor Party and Likud).

  5. Feb 21, 2019 · United Torah Judaism: United Torah Judaism was formed in 1992 as an alliance between Degel HaTorah and Agudat Israel, two Ashkenazi Haredi political parties. Even though the two parties do not always agree with each other, they have cooperated and united as a voting bloc in order to win the maximum number of seats in the Knesset.

  6. Mar 31, 2009 · Following are the political parties that form the coalition government, the number of seats they hold in the 120-member parliament and positions their leaders hold on main issues. LIKUD - 27.

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