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  1. Ireland - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Ireland

    Ireland (/ ˈ aɪər l ə n d / ; Irish: Éire [ˈeːɾʲə] ; Ulster-Scots: Airlann [ˈɑːrlən]) is an island in the North Atlantic . It is separated from Great Britain to its east by the North Channel , the Irish Sea , and St George's Channel . Ireland is the second-largest island of the British Isles , the third-largest in Europe, and the twentieth-largest on Earth. Ireland Éire (Irish ...

    • Etymology

      The names Ireland and Éire derive from Old Irish Ériu, a...

    • History

      During the last glacial period, and until about 10,000 BC,...

    • Politics

      The island is divided between the Republic of Ireland, an...

    • Geography

      Ireland is located in the north-west of Europe, between...

    • Flora and fauna

      Because Ireland became isolated from mainland Europe by...

  2. Republic of Ireland - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Republic_of_Ireland

    Ireland (Irish: Éire [ˈeːɾʲə] ), also known as the Republic of Ireland (Poblacht na hÉireann), is a country in north-western Europe consisting of 26 of the 32 counties of the island of Ireland. The capital and largest city is Dublin, which is located on the eastern side of the island.

  3. Ireland - Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

    simple.wikipedia.org › wiki › Ireland

    It is about 486 kilometres (302 miles) long and about 288 kilometres (179 miles) wide. To the west of Ireland is the Atlantic Ocean; to the east of Ireland, across the Irish Sea, is the island of Great Britain. Over 6.4 million people lived on the island in 2016.

  4. History of Ireland - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › History_of_Ireland

    A New History of Ireland: I – PreHistoric and Early Ireland, ed. Daibhi O Croinin. 2005, ISBN 0-19-821737-4; A New History of Ireland: II- Medieval Ireland 1169–1534, ed. Art Cosgrove. 1987. Braudel, Fernand, The Perspective of the World, vol III of Civilization and Capitalism (1979, in English 1985), ISBN 0-06-015317-2

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    What countries surround Ireland?

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  6. Republic of Ireland - Simple English Wikipedia, the free ...

    simple.wikipedia.org › wiki › Republic_of_Ireland

    From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Ireland (Irish: Éire [ˈeːɾʲə] (listen)), also known as the Republic of Ireland is a European country on the island of Ireland. It is a member of the European Union.

  7. Ireland (disambiguation) - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Ireland_(disambiguation)

    From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Look up Ireland in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. Location of the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland Ireland is an island in Western Europe, located to the west of the island of Great Britain.

  8. COVID-19 pandemic in the Republic of Ireland - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › COVID-19_pandemic_in_the

    The COVID-19 pandemic in the Republic of Ireland is part of the worldwide COVID-19 pandemic caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). The virus reached the country in late February 2020 and within three weeks, cases had been confirmed in all counties.

  9. Partition of Ireland - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Partition_of_Ireland
    • Overview
    • Background
    • War of Independence and partition enacted
    • Anglo-Irish Treaty
    • Boundary Commission
    • After partition

    The partition of Ireland was the process by which the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland divided Ireland into two self-governing polities: Northern Ireland and Southern Ireland. It was enacted on 3 May 1921 under the Government of Ireland Act 1920. The Act intended for both territories to remain within the United Kingdom and contained provisions for their eventual reunification. The smaller Northern Ireland was duly created with a devolved government and remained part

    During the 19th century, the Irish nationalist Home Rule movement campaigned for Ireland to have self-government while remaining part of the United Kingdom. The nationalist Irish Parliamentary Party won most Irish seats in the 1885 general election. It then held the balance of po

    Following the December 1910 election, the Irish Parliamentary Party again agreed to support a Liberal government if it introduced another home rule bill. The Parliament Act 1911 meant the House of Lords could no longer veto bills passed by the Commons, but only delay them for up

    The Home Rule Crisis was interrupted by the outbreak of the First World War in August 1914, and Ireland's involvement in it. Asquith abandoned his Amending Bill, and instead rushed through a new bill, the Suspensory Act 1914, which received Royal Assent together with the Home Rul

    In the December 1918 general election, Sinn Féin won the overwhelming majority of Irish seats. In line with their manifesto, Sinn Féin's elected members boycotted the British parliament and founded a separate Irish parliament, declaring an independent Irish Republic covering the whole island. Unionists, however, won most seats in northeastern Ulster and affirmed their continuing loyalty to the United Kingdom. Many Irish republicans blamed the British establishment for the sectarian ...

    The Irish War of Independence led to the Anglo-Irish Treaty, between the British government and representatives of the Irish Republic. It was signed on 6 December 1921. Under its terms, the territory of Southern Ireland would leave the United Kingdom within one year and become a self-governing dominion called the Irish Free State. The treaty was given legal effect in the United Kingdom through the Irish Free State Constitution Act 1922, and in Ireland by ratification by Dáil Éireann ...

    The Anglo-Irish Treaty contained a provision that would establish a boundary commission, which could adjust the border as drawn up in 1920. Most leaders in the Free State, both pro- and anti-treaty, assumed that the commission would award largely nationalist areas such as County Fermanagh, County Tyrone, South Londonderry, South Armagh and South Down, and the City of Derry to the Free State, and that the remnant of Northern Ireland would not be economically viable and would eventually opt for un

    Since partition, Irish republicans and nationalists have sought to end partition, while Ulster loyalists and unionists have sought to maintain it. The pro-Treaty Cumann na nGaedhael government of the Free State hoped the Boundary Commission would make Northern Ireland too small to be viable. It focused on the need to build a strong state and accommodate Northern unionists. The anti-Treaty Fianna Fáil had Irish unification as one of its core policies and sought to rewrite the Free State's ...

  10. Catholic Church in Ireland - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Catholic_Church_in_Ireland

    The Catholic Church in Ireland cites its origin to this period and considers Palladius as the first bishop sent to the Gaels by Pope Celestine I. However, during the 12th century a stricter uniformity in the Western Church was enforced, with the diocesan structure introduced with the Synod of Ráth Breasail in 1111 and culminating with the ...

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