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  1. Kingdom of Bohemia - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kingdom_of_Bohemia

    The Kingdom of Bohemia, sometimes later in English literature referred to as the Czech Kingdom, was a medieval and early modern monarchy in Central Europe, the predecessor of the modern Czech Republic. It was an Imperial State in the Holy Roman Empire, and the Bohemian king was a prince-elector of the empire. The kings of Bohemia, besides Bohemia itself, also ruled other lands belonging to the Bohemian Crown, which at various times included Moravia, Silesia, Lusatia, and parts of Saxony, Branden

    • History

      Although some former rulers of Bohemia had enjoyed a...

    • Economy

      Bohemia was among the first countries in Europe to become...

    • Lands of the Bohemian Crown

      Bohemia proper with the County of Kladsko was the main area...

  2. Bohemia - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bohemia

    Bohemia is the westernmost and largest historical region of the Czech lands in the present-day Czech Republic. In a broader meaning, Bohemia sometimes refers to the entire Czech territory, including Moravia and Czech Silesia, especially in a historical context, such as the Lands of the Bohemian Crown ruled by Bohemian kings. Bohemia was a duchy of Great Moravia, later an independent principality, a kingdom in the Holy Roman Empire, and subsequently a part of the Habsburg Monarchy and the Austria

    • 52,065 km² (20,102 sq mi)
    • Prague
  3. Lands of the Bohemian Crown (1526–1648) - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kingdom_of_Bohemia_(1526...

    Although the Kingdom of Bohemia, both of the Lusatias, the Margraviate of Moravia, and Silesia were all under Habsburg rule, they followed different paths of development. Moravians include Silesia had accepted the hereditary right of the Austrian Habsburgs to rule and thus escaped the intense struggle between native estates and the Habsburg monarchy that was to characterize Bohemian history. In contrast, the Bohemian Kingdom had entrenched estates that were ready to defend what they considered t

  4. Category:Kingdom of Bohemia - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Category:Kingdom_of_Bohemia

    From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Wikimedia Commons has media related to Kingdom of Bohemia. The Kingdom of Bohemia (1212−1918) — in Bohemia of Central Europe, and a predecessor of the modern Czech Republic.

    • 13th Century
    • 14th Century
    • 15th Century
    • After 1471: Jagiellonian and Habsburg Rule
    • Defeat and Dissolution

    Al­though some for­mer rulers of Bo­hemia had en­joyed a non-hered­i­tary royal title dur­ing the 11th and 12th cen­turies (Vratis­laus II, Vladis­laus II), the king­dom was for­mally es­tab­lished in 1198 by Přemysl Ot­tokar I, who had his sta­tus ac­knowl­edged by Philip of Swabia, elected King of the Ro­mans, in re­turn for his sup­port against the rival Em­peror Otto IV. In 1204 Ot­tokar's royal sta­tus was ac­cepted by Otto IV as well as by Pope In­no­cent III. It was of­fi­cially rec­og­nized in 1212 by the Golden Bull of Sicily is­sued by Em­peror Fred­er­ick II, el­e­vat­ing the Duchy of Bo­hemia to King­domsta­tus. Under these terms, the Czech king was to be ex­empt from all fu­ture oblig­a­tions to the Holy Roman Em­pire ex­cept for par­tic­i­pa­tion in the im­pe­r­ial coun­cils. The im­pe­r­ial pre­rog­a­tive to rat­ify each Bo­hemian ruler and to ap­point the bishop of Prague was re­voked. The king's suc­ces­sor was his son Wences­laus I, from his sec­ond mar­riage. Wenc...

    The 14th cen­tury – par­tic­u­larly the reign of Charles IV (1342–78) – is con­sid­ered the Golden Age of Czech his­tory. In 1306, the Přemys­lid line died out and, after a se­ries of dy­nas­tic wars, John, Count of Lux­em­bourg, was elected Bo­hemian king. He mar­ried Elis­a­beth, the daugh­ter of Wences­laus II. He was suc­ceeded as king in 1346 by his son, Charles IV, the sec­ond king from the House of Lux­em­bourg. Charles was raised at the French court and was cos­mopoli­tan in at­ti­tude. Charles IV strength­ened the power and pres­tige of the Bo­hemian king­dom. In 1344 he el­e­vated the bish­opric of Prague, mak­ing it an arch­bish­opric and free­ing it from the ju­ris­dic­tion of Mainz, and the arch­bishop was given the right to crown Bo­hemian kings. Charles curbed the Bo­hemian, Mora­vian, and Sile­sian no­bil­ity, and ra­tio­nal­ized the provin­cial ad­min­is­tra­tion of Bo­hemia and Moravia. He cre­ated the Crown of Bo­hemia, in­cor­po­rat­ing Moravia, Sile­sia and Lusa...

    The Hus­site move­ment (1402–85) was pri­mar­ily a re­li­gious, as well as na­tional, man­i­fes­ta­tion. As a re­li­gious re­form move­ment (the so-called Bo­hemian Re­for­ma­tion), it rep­re­sented a chal­lenge to papal au­thor­ity and an as­ser­tion of na­tional au­ton­omy in ec­cle­si­as­ti­cal af­fairs. The Hus­sites de­feated four cru­sades from the Holy Roman Em­pire, and the move­ment is viewed by many as a part of the (world­wide) Protes­tant Re­for­ma­tion. Be­cause many of war­riors of the cru­sades were Ger­mans, al­though many were also Hun­gar­i­ans and Catholic Czechs, the Hus­site move­ment is seen as a Czech na­tional move­ment. In mod­ern times it ac­quired anti-im­pe­r­ial and anti-Ger­man as­so­ci­a­tions and has some­times been iden­ti­fied as a man­i­fes­ta­tion of a long-term eth­nic Czech–Ger­man con­flict. Hus­sitism began dur­ing the long reign of Wences­las IV (1378–1419), a pe­riod of papal schism and con­comi­tant an­ar­chy in the Holy Roman Em­pire. It w...

    Upon the death of the Hus­site king, the Bo­hemian es­tates elected a Pol­ish prince Ladis­laus Jagiel­lon as king, who ne­go­ti­ated the Peace of Olo­mouc in 1479. In 1490 he also be­came king of Hun­gary, and the Pol­ish Jag­el­lon­ian line ruled both Bo­hemia and Hun­gary. The Jag­el­loni­ans gov­erned Bo­hemia as ab­sen­tee mon­archs; their in­flu­ence in the king­dom was min­i­mal, and ef­fec­tive gov­ern­ment fell to the re­gional no­bil­ity. Czech Catholics ac­cepted the Com­pact of Basel in 1485 and were rec­on­ciled with the Utraquists. The Bo­hemian es­trange­ment from the Em­pire con­tin­ued after Vladislav had suc­ceeded Matthias Corv­i­nus of Hun­gary in 1490 and both the Bo­hemian and the Hun­gar­ian king­dom were held in per­sonal union. Not con­sid­ered an Im­pe­r­ial State, the Lands of the Bo­hemian Crown were not part of the Im­pe­r­ial Cir­cles es­tab­lished by the 1500 Im­pe­r­ial Re­form. In 1526 Vladislav's son, King Louis, was de­ci­sively de­feated by the Ot...

    In 1740 the Pruss­ian Army con­quered Bo­hemian Sile­sia in the Sile­sian Wars and forced Maria Theresa in 1742 to cede the ma­jor­ity of Sile­sia, ex­cept the south­ern­most area with the duchies of Cieszyn, Krnov and Opava, to Prus­sia. In 1756 Pruss­ian King Fred­er­ick II faced an enemy coali­tion led by Aus­tria, when Maria Theresa was prepar­ing for war with Prus­sia to re­claim Sile­sia. The Pruss­ian army con­quered Sax­ony and in 1757 in­vaded Bo­hemia. In the Bat­tle of Prague (1757) they de­feated the Hab­s­burgs and sub­se­quently oc­cu­pied Prague. More than one quar­ter of Prague was de­stroyed and the St. Vitus Cathe­dral suf­fered heavy dam­age. In the Bat­tle of Kolín, how­ever, Fred­er­ick lost and had to va­cate Prague and re­treat from Bo­hemia. With the dis­so­lu­tion of the Holy Roman Em­pire in 1806, the Bo­hemian king­dom was in­cor­po­rated into the Aus­trian Em­pire and the royal title re­tained along­side the title of Aus­trian Em­peror. In the course of t...

  5. Supreme Marshal of the Kingdom of Bohemia - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Supreme_Marshal_of_the...

    The Supreme Marshal of the Kingdom of Bohemia (Czech: Nejvyšší maršálek; German: Oberstlandmarschall) was the third most important Czech provincial official. They were the head of the Bohemian Diet. Originally, the office was common in both Bohemia and Moravia, but after 1625, it was limited to Bohemia. The office existed from the 13th ...

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  7. Lands of the Bohemian Crown - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lands_of_the_Bohemian_Crown

    The crown lands primarily consisted of the Kingdom of Bohemia, an electorate of the Holy Roman Empire according to the Golden Bull of 1356, the Margraviate of Moravia, the Duchies of Silesia, and the two Lusatias, known as the Margraviate of Upper Lusatia and the Margraviate of Lower Lusatia, as well as other territories throughout its history.

  8. List of Bohemian monarchs - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/King_of_Bohemia

    The Duchy of Bohemia was established in 870 and raised to the Kingdom of Bohemia in 1198. Several Bohemian monarchs ruled as non-hereditary kings beforehand, first gaining the title in 1085. From 1004 to 1806, Bohemia was part of the Holy Roman Empire, and its ruler was an elector. During 1526–1804 the Kingdom of Bohemia, together with the other lands of the Bohemian Crown, had been ruled under a personal union as part of the Habsburg Monarchy. From 1804 to 1918, Bohemia had been part of ...

    Name
    Date
    Notes
    Vratislaus II (Vratislav II.)
    1085–1092
    First King of Bohemia as of 15 June 1085. He ruled as Vratislaus I. under non-hereditary royal title.
    Vladislaus II (Vladislav II.)
    1158–1172
    Nephew of Sobeslaus I, son of Duke Vladislaus I. King 1158–1172 as Vladislaus I. Father of king Ottokar I
    Ottokar I (Přemysl I. Otakar)
    1198–1230
    First king of hereditary royal title, confirmed by Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor in 1212 by issuing Golden Bull of Sicily
    Wenceslaus I (Václav I.)
    1230–1253
    Son of Ottokar I.
  9. Czech lands - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Czech_lands

    While Bohemia rose to a kingdom, the Silesian Piasts alienated from the fragmenting Kingdom of Poland. After in 1310 the Bohemian crown had passed to the mighty House of Luxembourg , nearly all Silesian dukes pledged allegiance to King John the Blind and in 1335 the Polish king Casimir III the Great officially renounced Silesia by the Treaty of ...