Kyiv hosts many universities, the major ones being Kyiv National Taras Shevchenko University, the National Technical University "Kyiv Polytechnic Institute", Kyiv-Mohyla Academy and the Kyiv National University of Trade and Economics. Of these, the Mohyla Academy is the oldest, founded as a theological school in 1632, but Shevchenko University ...
- 179 m (587 ft)
- AD 482 (officially)
Kyiv, also spelled Kiev, Kyyiv, Russian Kiyev, chief city and capital of Ukraine. A port on the Dnieper (Dnipro) River and a large railroad junction, it is a city with an ancient and proud history. As the centre of Kyivan (Kievan) Rus, the first eastern Slavic state, 1,000 years ago, it acquired the title “Mother of Rus Cities.”
Dec 19, 2019 · Kyiv's main drag is named after a river, which these days runs underneath, enclosed in an underground pipe. Getting gussied up and strolling Khreshchatyk is Kyivans' number one pastime. Don't hesitate to join them for a few laps, pausing occasionally at one of the many streetside cafes and kiosks that line the boulevard.
Having survived the Mongol Empire, WWII, Chernobyl, and Soviet rule, Kyiv is the proud capital of the Ukraine. Filled with theaters, museums, religious sites, modern buildings and ancient ruins, the city of Kyiv is the center of Ukrainian culture.
Kyiv or Kiev (Ukrainian: Київ) is the capital and largest city of Ukraine with - officially - approximately 3 million inhabitants (unofficially up to 4 million inhabitants). The city was founded on the banks of Dnipro River. The transliteration of the city's name from Ukrainian is \\"Kyiv\\", and this variation is now promoted in English language materials in Ukraine, international organizations and suggested for use in major English-speaking countries. The spelling of the city's name is a linguistic controversy, as it is argued by some that the long-established \\"Kiev\\" spelling is based on the Russian transliteration that was prevalent during the Soviet period and therefore is a reminder of Russian influence over Ukraine (although the city itself and the name predate the existence of Russia). Others argue that the spelling 'Kiev' is simply the established English-language name and is still used by publications such as the Financial Times and The Economist, and that its use does not imply Russian imperialist connotations.
Ukrainians are very proud of their capital's role in establishing European civilization in Eastern Europe.
In the middle of the 13th century, Kyivan Rus was overrun by the Mongols. Later that century, Kyiv became part of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. In 1569 the city was absorbed into the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth and in 1654 it was liberated from that Commonwealth by the Cossack, Bohdan Khmelnytskyi, who then promptly signed the city over to Russia. This action continues to be a sore point for Ukrainian nationalists.
In 1775, Kyiv was annexed by the Russian Empire. The city remained under Russian rule, with brief but uncertain periods of independence between 1918 and 1920. Over these two centuries, Kyiv experienced growing Russification and Russian immigration. After the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, it became the capital of independent Ukraine and is now discovering its place as a large European capital.
It is generally acknowledged that the population is over 3,000,000 (2006 estimates). About 85% claim Ukrainian ethnicity and about 12% Russian. However, the census numbers are believed to be unreliable so these percentages must be taken with a pinch of salt. There are many minorities in the city, including Armenians, Azeris, Belarussians, Jewish, Georgians, Polish, Romanians and Tatars. Since 2001, not only has the population of Kyiv increased, but also the percentage of people claiming Ukrainian ethnicity. This is probably a result of the strong nationalist movement centered in Kyiv during the Orange Revolution (October 2004 to January 2005).
Officially, all signs are in Ukrainian only. Since 2011, signs with Latin transliteration have been installed in the city center. Although many people continue to speak Russian, even most of these are ethnically Ukrainian. Hearing Ukrainian on the streets is now increasingly common. Although many Russian language-learning programs offer trips to the city, the usefulness of these trips is decreasing as the Ukrainian language in now in resurgence and the main language of the city again, after having been rarely heard since the beginning of the 20th century when it was discouraged by occupying Russian authorities.
According to the national census taken in 2001, about 93% of the population has a secondary education, and nearly 46% received higher education.
Kiev has a humid continental climate like the rest of Eastern Europe. Despite being at the same latitude as Prague and Paris, Kiev has much colder winters due to the heavy influence from Siberia. Temperatures usually remain below or around freezing all day and during the night they get below -5°C (23°F). The mercury can occasionally dip to -15°C (5°F) when strong cold waves hit and, in rarer cases, below -20°C (-4°F). The record low is -33°C (-27°F). Keep in mind that it may feel much colder due to the high humidity (83% in January). Snow cover usually lasts from late November to late March but it can start and end earlier or later. Spring and autumn are very brief and have large variations in temperatures. While the ground isn't usually covered with snow, snowfalls can occur in April and October and very rarely in May. Summer is pleasantly warm with the average high being 25°C (77°F) and the average low at 16°C (61°F). Heat waves can push temperatures above 30°C (86°F) occasionally and the record high is 39.5°C (103°F). This also the rainiest part of the year.
Boryspil International Airport (IATA: KBP) (Міжнародний аеропорт \\"Бориспіль\\") is located 36km south-east from the city centre. Zhulyany Airport (IATA: IEV)  (аеропорт \\"Жуляни\\") is located 8km southwest of the city center. It is mostly served by budget airlines. Wizzair is the major airline operating to this airport.
Boryspil Airport has 3 terminals in operation: B, D, and F. Most international flights arrive in the terminals D or F, whereas terminal B is used for domestic flights. Terminal B is much older than F and dates back to Soviet times, but in fact they differ in small details only. Both terminal B and F are very cramped and inconvenient, while terminal D is newer and larger. Immigration control in Terminal D is generally pretty efficient, with specific lines for EU and Ukrainian passports. This is not the case in Terminal F, however.
By train: For the journey to the airport from Kiev city, the train leaves from platform 14 of the main station (Vokzal). The train has its own dedicated waiting lounge directly by the access to platform 14. Tickets can be purchased from a dedicated counter near the station's main entrance or from automated machines outside the entrance to the waiting lounge at platform 14. The automated machines take credit card only. By bus: A bus, known as the Sky Bus or 322, operates 24-hour service between each terminal of the airport and the southern side of the Central Railway station (100 = 3.15, 60 minutes), with a stop at the Kharkivska Metro Station on the Green Line (60 = 1.90, 30 minutes) from where you may switch to the Metro and get straight to the city center for 8 (0.25) (e.g. to Maidan Nezalezhnosti or Lva Tolstoho stations) to omit the traffic jams in the city center. If you alight at the last stop, to get to the metro (Vokzalna station) from the bus stop, enter the railway terminal, follow the bridge over the railway, leave the building, and turn left. There is no sign at the metro entrance, just a small text near the door including word \\"metro\\". The bus driver will only accept hryvnias (Ukrainian currency). You simply take your place on the bus and before departure, the bus driver walks around and sells tickets. Actually Google Maps provides some coverage and estimates for the public transportation in Kyiv, you may specify the time of departure as well. Then you may decide what will be the best fit for you, either bus+metro or taxi. The total time from the KBP to the city center by public transportation may be approximately 1 h 10 minutes. While getting back to the airport from the city, if you are catching the bus on the stop near Kharkivska Metro Station (15 - 20 minutes to Airport), some man may approach you and suggest a ride in the car for the same price as the bus (50 = 1.58). Such \\"taxi driver\\" gets 4 passengers into the car. No problem with such way of transportation as well. Please note that there is no currency exchange outlet in the departure area, so consider getting rid of all of your hryvnias prior to arriving at the airport - as it is very hard to exchange this currency outside of Ukraine. By taxi: There are several local taxi companies where all staff and drivers speak fluent English. taxi-borispol.com,LingoTaxi and Your Driver Company drivers typically meet you at the arrival hall with the name sign, though it's better if you book an airport transfer with these companies beforehand. The total time to get to the city center may be appr. 40 minutes but depends on traffic. Read more about getting around by taxi in Kyiv#By_taxi section. A taxi to/from Zhulyany Airport costs 400-450 ($17) to the city center. Alternatively, regular bus service operates between the airport and the city center (costs less than 5 ($0.2) - August 2015): exit the airport and walk about 100 meters straight forward. On the bus stop, wait for the bus 368 or 805 and exit at Vokzalna station (the stop is about 200m far from there). There are two terminals - they are around 1km away of each other. They're connected by trolleybus no. 22 that takes you further to downtown. From old terminal (domestic) you can also walk (c. 500m) to Volynsky trian station and take regional train (elektrychka) to main railway station. Check Google Maps for the schedules. To travel from/to Kyiv by train, be sure to buy tickets in advance. All train tickets - inscribed, while boarding the train need to show your ID. The national train company is state-owned Ukrainian Railways \\"Укрзалізниця/Ukrzaliznytsya\\". The tickets can be booked online. For more details see Ukraine page Traveling by train is popular among locals, so it's better to buy tickets in advance, especially in Summer and during holidays. Yuzhnaia or Pivdennya Station, Prosp. Akademic Glushkov, 3 (Metro Ipodrom.). To/from Vinnytsa and other southbound destinations.
In December 2018 the train connection  between Boryspil airport and Kiev central station was officially opened. The journey takes 38 minutes, and the trains (PESA 90-seaters) run roughly 1-2 times per hour. The trains are more comfortable than the bus, with spacious seating and large luggage racks inside the train. The ticket costs 80 UAH one way, which makes rail the cheapest option to get to the city. The station at Boryspil airport is outside in front of the main terminal, accessible from the ground level exit via a short walkway, which is signposted. Direct day and night trains are available from all major cities and towns in Ukraine. There are five daily departures from Dnipropetrovsk (5½-9h) and up to ten from Lviv (9h) with an express Intercity train departing 4 times a day and taking just 5-5½ hours. No more trains to the areas controlled by the Russian troops and their proxies such as Donetsk or Crimea, including Sevastopol. Prices for domestic train ranges between UAH90-120 for seats and from UAH250 for second class sleeper. To Kharkiv 2nd class seat by intercity 4½ h, UAH256 (2013).
The price to the city center is starting from 520 ($20). Many locals would get the taxi through the taxi apps. Uber has recently launched its service in Kyiv. There's no need to exchange money or buy a local sim-card right away since you may use the wi-fi in the arrivals of the airport. On the other hand, the official taxi service at the exit of KBP airport would typically charge around 580 ($23) to get to the city center. Unofficial cabs may demand even higher prices, so always arrange the price before you enter their cab and feel free to bargain. Do NOT go with anyone who approaches you offering a taxi while you are inside the airport building; these are many unlicensed touts, and you'll end up paying more or will be asked to repay him at the end of the trip, so be careful!
Kyiv's central railway station Kyiv Passazhyrskyi (Київ-Пасажирський) is close to the city centre. Metro station Vokzalna (метро \\"Вокзальна\\") on the M1 line connects to the railway terminal. The terminal building straddles numerous railway tracks, and effectively comprises two separate buildings adjoined by a bridge. The building on the northern side (next to the metro station) is the main station. The building on the southern side is, respectively, the south station with its own ticket office and hotel. Public transport stops on both sides of the railway. Buses and trolleybuses to the city centre depart from the main building, buses to the Boryspil and Zhulyany airports operate from the southern station. Finally, suburban trains may also depart from a small station Pivnichna (Пiвнiчна) located under the square adjoining the main station. This station is separated from the other two buildings and has its own entrance equipped with turnstiles. Darnytsia Bus Station, Prosp. Haharina, (пр-т Гагарина,) 1 (Metro Chernihivska). Podyl Bus Station (Metro Kontraktova) Nizhny Val str., 15-a. Vydubychi Bus Station, Naberezhno-Pecherskaya Rd, 10 (Metro Vydubychy). Polissia Bus Station, Shevchenko Tarasa sq., 2 (From Metro Kontraktova, take nortbound tram). For northern directions.
There are good international connections with central Europe and Russia. Departures from Przemyśl (two Intercity+ express trains daily, 7-9h), Belgrade (36h), Budapest (24h), Bratislava (29h), Chisinau (15h), Minsk (12h), Prague (35h), Sofia (37h) via Bucharest (26h), Vienna (24h) and Warsaw (16h) are nightly. From Moscow there are a multitude of trains with the fastest one being Metropolitan Express taking just 8½ hours. Saint Petersburg is also well served with an overnight train taking 23 hours. Berlin (22h) have nightly connections during summer while departures from Vienna (34h) are nightly Mon-Thu. There is also a connection from Venice (45h) via Ljubljana (41h) once a week, departing Thursdays. More exotic cities with infrequent departures include Astana (73h, Thu), Baku (64h, Wed) and Murmansk (61h, seasonal). And if you are looking for a real journey, hop on train 133E linking Kyiv with Vladivostok. It's one of the longest journeys possible by train, taking eight nights!
Kyiv can seem quite interesting to the western tourist, as most signposts are in Cyrillic script. It is still largely a city where very few people know English, and the likelihood of encountering an English speaker is low - but not impossible. For the non-Russian or Ukrainian speaker, it's quite possible to get around easily, and it is a very interesting city to explore. It never hurts to speak English. Often, a shop assistant will ask customers who can speak English to act as translators.
Kyiv (Ukrainian: Київ) is the capital and largest city of Ukraine. Almost three million people live there. The city hosted the UEFA Euro 2012 final. Also Kyiv will host Eurovision Song Contest in 2017 Kyiv has a humid continental climate (Dfb in the Köppen climate classification). Climate
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The Ukrainian government adopted Kyiv as its standard Latinisation in 1995, making Kyiv mandatory for use in legislative and official acts. To equate a government request with popular will ...