Libya (/ ˈ l ɪ b i ə / (); Arabic: ليبيا , romanized: Lībiyā), officially the State of Libya (Arabic: دولة ليبيا , romanized: Dawlat Lībiyā), is a country in the Maghreb region in North Africa, bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, Egypt to the east, Sudan to the southeast, Chad to the south, Niger to the southwest, Algeria to the west, and Tunisia to the ...
- National Emblem
Since 2011, Libya currently does not have an official coat...
- Fayez al-Sarraj
Fayez Mustafa al-Sarraj (Arabic: فائز السراج or فايز...
The flag of Libya was originally introduced in 1951,...
- National Emblem
Libya's borders touch the countries of Egypt, Sudan, Chad, Algeria, Niger, and Tunisia. To its north is the Mediterranean Sea. The capital of Libya is Tripoli, which is a port on the sea. Tripoli has about one million people. Libya covers an area of about 1,760,000 km 2 (679,540 sq mi).
Libya has the 10th-largest proven oil reserves of any country in the world. The largest city and capital, Tripoli, is located in western Libya and contains over three million of Libya's seven million people. The second-largest city is Benghazi, which is located in eastern Libya.
The term "Libya Shield 1" is used to refer to the Islamist part of the Libya Shield Force in the east of Libya. In western Libya, the prominent Islamist forces are the Central Shield (of the Libya Shield Force), which consists especially of Misrata units and the Libya Revolutionaries Operations Room.
- 16 May 2014 – present, (6 years, 4 months, 3 weeks and 4 days)
- Ongoing, As of June 2020 the Government of National Accord controls most of the Tripolitania region including the capital Tripoli, and parts of the Fezzan region. The HoR or LNA controls all of the Cyrenaica and parts of Fezzan and Tripolitania regions., As of August 2020 60–70% of the Libyan population lives in areas controlled by the GNA. 30–40% of the Libyan population lives in areas controlled by the HoR or LNA
The history of Libya under Muammar Gaddafi spanned 42 years from 1969 to 2011. Gaddafi became the de facto leader of the country on 1 September 1969 after leading a group of young Libyan military officers against King Idris I in a nonviolent revolution and bloodless coup d'état.
Tourism in Libya is an industry heavily hit by the Libyan Civil War.Before the war tourism was developing, with 149,000 tourists visiting Libya in 2004, rising to 180,000 in 2007, although this still only contributed less than 1% of the country's GDP.
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Tripoli (/ ˈ t r ɪ p əl i /; Arabic: طرابلس , Ṭarābulus) is the capital city and the largest city of Libya, with a population of about three million people in 2019. It is located in the northwest of Libya on the edge of the desert, on a point of rocky land projecting into the Mediterranean Sea and forming a bay.
Cyrene promptly became the chief town of Libya and established commercial relations with all the Greek cities, reaching the height of its prosperity under its own kings in the 5th century BC. Soon after 460 BC it became a republic. In 413 BC, during the Peloponnesian War, Cyrene supplied Spartan forces with two triremes and pilots.
Italian Libya (Italian: Libia Italiana; Arabic: ليبيا الإيطالية , Lībyā al-Īṭālīya) was a colony of the Kingdom of Italy located in North Africa, in what is now modern Libya, between 1934 and 1943.
The military intervention in Libya has been cited by the Council on Foreign Relations as an example of the responsibility to protect policy adopted by the UN at the 2005 World Summit. According to Gareth Evans , "[t]he international military intervention (SMH) in Libya is not about bombing for democracy or Muammar Gaddafi's head.
- 19 March 2011 – 31 October 2011, (7 months, 1 week and 5 days)
- NATO victory, Overthrow of the Great Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya