Louis VIII (5 September 1187 – 8 November 1226), byname The Lion (French: Le Lion), was King of France from 1223 to 1226. From 1216 to 1217, he also claimed to be King of England (as Louis I ). Louis was the only surviving son of King Philip II of France by his first wife, Isabelle of Hainaut , from whom he inherited the County of Artois .
- Prince Louis
In summer 1195, a marriage between Louis and Eleanor of...
- As King Louis VIII
Louis VIII succeeded his father on 14 July 1223; his...
- Prince Louis
Louis VII (1120 – 18 September 1180), called the Younger or the Young (French: le Jeune), was King of the Franks from 1137 to 1180. He was the son and successor of King Louis VI (hence the epithet “le Jeune”) and married Duchess Eleanor of Aquitaine, one of the wealthiest and most powerful women in western Europe.
From 21 January 1793 to 8 June 1795, Louis XVI's son Louis-Charles was titled King of France as Louis XVII. In reality, he was imprisoned in the Temple during this time. His power was held by the leaders of the Republic. On Louis XVII's death, his uncle Louis-Stanislas claimed the throne, as Louis XVIII. He was only de facto King of France in 1814.
From Wikipedia, Louis VIII of France; Louis VIII the Lion . King of the Franks and Count of Artois . Reign 14 July 1223 – 8 November 1226 . Coronation 6 August 1223, Reims . Titles Count of Artois (1189–1226) King of England (1216–17) Born 5 September 1187(1187-09-05) Paris, France . Died 8 November 1226 (aged 39) Chateau Montpensier, France
- Robert I, Count of Artois, Alphonse, Count of Poitiers, Charles I of Naples, Louis IX of France
- Philip II of France, Isabella of Hainault
Articles relating to Louis VIII of France (reigned 1223–1226). See also: the categories John, King of England and Henry III of England . This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia .
From Wikipedia - Louis VIII of France : Louis VIII the Lion (5 September 1187 - 8 November 1226) reigned as King of France from 1223 to 1226. He was a member of the House of Capet . Louis VIII was born in Paris , France , the son of Philip II Augustus and Isabelle of Hainaut . He was also Count of Artois from 1190, inheriting the county from ...
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Charles VIII of France (1470–1498), called "the Affable", reigned over France 1483–1498 and was de facto King of Naples for five months in 1495, prompting the Italian Wars. Charles IX of France (1550–1574), reigned 1560–1574
- Early life
- Queen mother
- Second regency and death
Blanche of Castile was Queen consort of France by marriage to Louis VIII. She acted as regent twice during the reign of her son, Louis IX: during his minority from 1226 until 1234, and during his absence from 1248 until 1252. She was born in Palencia, Spain, 1188, the third daughter of Alfonso VIII, King of Castile, and Eleanor of England.
In her youth, she visited the Abbey of Santa María la Real de Las Huelgas, founded by her parents, several times. In consequence of the Treaty of Le Goulet between Philip Augustus and John of England, Blanche's sister, Urraca, was betrothed to Philip's son, Louis. Their grandmother Eleanor of Aquitaine, after meeting the two sisters, judged that Blanche's personality was more fit for a queen consort of France. In the spring of 1200, Eleanor crossed the Pyrenees with her and brought her to ...
On 22 May 1200 the treaty was finally signed, John ceding along with his niece the fiefs of Issoudun and Graçay, together with those that André de Chauvigny, lord of Châteauroux, held in Berry, of the English crown. The marriage was celebrated the next day, at Port-Mort on the right bank of the Seine, in John's domains, as those of Philip lay under an interdict. Blanche was twelve years of age, and Louis was only a year older so the marriage was consummated a few years later. Blanche ...
Philip died in July 1223, and Louis VIII and Blanche were crowned on August 6. Upon Louis' death in November 1226 from dysentery, he left Blanche, by then 38, regent and guardian of his children. Of her twelve or thirteen children, six had died, and Louis, the heir — afterwards the sainted Louis IX — was but twelve years old. She had him crowned within a month of his father's death in Reims and forced reluctant barons to swear allegiance to him. The situation was critical, since Louis ...
In 1233, Raymond of Toulouse was starting to chafe under the terms of the treaty of Paris, and so Blanche sent one of her knights, Giles of Flagy, to convince him to cooperate. Blanche had also heard through troubadours of the beauty, grace, and religious devotion of the daughters of Ramon Berenguer IV, Count of Provence. So she assigned her knight a second mission to visit Provence. Giles found a much better reception in Provence than in Toulouse. Upon his return to Paris, Blanche decided that
In 1248, Blanche again became regent, during Louis IX's absence on the Crusade, a project which she had strongly opposed. In the disasters which followed she maintained peace, while draining the land of men and money to aid her son in the East. She fell ill at Melun in November 1252, and was taken to Paris, but lived only a few days. She was buried at Maubuisson Abbey, which she had founded herself. Louis heard of her death in the following spring and reportedly did not speak to anyone for two d
Childhood. Louis was born in Bourges on 3 July 1423, the son of King Charles VII of France. At the time of the Hundred Years War, the English held northern France, including the city of Paris, and Charles VII was restricted to the centre and south of the country.
Louis IX (25 April 1214 – 25 August 1270), commonly known as Saint Louis or Louis the Saint, is the only King of France to be canonized in the Catholic Church.Louis was crowned in Reims at the age of 12, following the death of his father Louis VIII; his mother, Blanche of Castile, ruled the kingdom as regent until he reached maturity.