The main square (Polish: Rynek Główny [ˈrɨnɛk ˈɡwuvnɨ]) of the Old Town of Kraków, Lesser Poland, is the principal urban space located at the center of the city. It dates back to the 13th century, and at 3.79 ha (9.4 acres) is the largest medieval town square in Europe.
- Location of The Main Square
- History of The Krakow Main Square
- Landmarks of The Main Square
- The Main Square Today
The Main Square in Krakow was created when the city was granted the Magdeburg rights (law of medieval cities) in 1257. The Main Square was erected on the place of previously existing primal commerce hub. It was planned as an almost regular square. There were, however, small exceptions due to the fact that in this place important buildings had already existed. St. Mary’s Basilica, at that time only a Romanesque church, is a proof of that and is located obliquely to the square. The Main Square...
The Main Square served as a primary market square in the city. The aim to create such a big market square was to make a place for all merchants, both local an coming from abroad. The Main Square was originally in the possession of a current ruler. In 1358 king Casimir III the Great renounced his rights to most of the objects on the Main Square and passed them on to the city. It was his initiative to build the Cloth Hall and the Town Hall to meet infrastructural needs of expanding commercial n...
The Main Square is visited each day by thousands of tourists. By many, it is considered the most beautiful grand square in the world. Since 1978 it has been on the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Among the square’s landmarks are: 1. Cloth Hall, built in the 14th century as trade centre in the Main Square, now in Renaissance style with 19th-century refurbishments; 2. St. Mary’s Basilica, just as important as the Wawel Cathedral and one the most widely recognised Polish churches. From the...
Numerous cafes and restaurants on the Main Square welcome thousands of visitors each day. For the most part of the year, tables are set outside to allow admiring of the beautiful scenery. Underneath the buildings of the Main Square, there are large basements and underground passageways. Most of the basements were turned into restaurants, cafes, pubs, etc., the most famous of which is “Piwnica pod Baranami”. The Main Square is also the main venue for city events, such as Christmas markets, New...
Kraków’s main market square (' Rynek Główny ') serves as the city’s gravitational centre, and is the natural start and finish point for any tour of the city.
- Auschwitz I
- Auschwitz II-Birkenau
- The End of Auschwitz
- Shocking and Indispensable
- Getting There
Founded in 1940 as a camp for Polish prisoners of warwho could no longer fit in the Polish prisons, Auschwitz I was the main death camp and where the SS garrison administration was located. The first to be sent to the camp were Polish political prisoners, but other Polish quickly followed including members of the resistance movement, intellectuals, homosexuals, Roma (Gypsies) and Jews. To get Polish Jews into Auschwitz, the Nazis tricked many into thinking that they were going to get promoted or be given land or new houses. After a long and exhausting journey, they would arrive at the death camp and those considered unfit to work would be killed. The remaining Jews would be made slave laborers until they died. Once inside the concentration camp, the prisoners would come across a huge inscription “Arbeit macht frei” (Work sets you free), making them believe that if they worked hard, they would be released. The prisoners would be piled into brick barracks, where they would sleep. More...
Birkenau was the largest camp of the Auschwitz complex. It is what most people believe to be the “Auschwitz Concentration Camp”. The death camp was built in 1941 in Birkenau (3km from the first camp) as part of the Nazi plan to annihilate the Jewish population called “Final Solution”. The death camp had an area of 175 hectares. It was divided into several blocks encircled by barbwire and electric gates. Auschwitz-Birkenau was unlike the other concentration camps, since it was built specifically as a center for the extermination of all prisonersthat were sent to it. It was equipped with five gas chambers and crematorium, each could fit up to 2,500 people. The captives were forced into goods wagonsfrom all over Europe and traveled for several days or weeks without water or food. Once at Auschwitz-Birkenau, the prisoners were either immediately placed in gas chambers, others were made forced laborers, others were used for human experimentation. Slave laborers too weak to work were told...
Threatened by the impending arrival of the Russian army in Poland, the Nazis decided to evacuate Auschwitz, not before making numerous plans to get rid of many of the surviving prisoners. The 27 January 1945 the Soviet troops released the remaining prisonersin the death camp, most of which could barely stand.
Although exploring Auschwitz-Birkenau Memorial and Museum is extremely dismal and saddening, it represents one of the most tragic and important episodes of twentieth century European history. During the guided tour, your guide will speak openly and bluntly of what took place in the camps between 1939 and 1945. The camp’s blocks are very well preserved, giving visitors a graphic image of how the gas chambers, thecrematoriums and the brick barrackswere. There is also a moving collection with the prisoner’s personal belongings that were stolen by the Nazi workers of the camps.
There are various ways to get to Auschwitz concentration camp: 1. Booking a guided tour: It is a hassle-free way of getting to Auschwitz and the price is like if you decide to go on your own account. For just € 33 (US$ 35.60), book a half-day trip to Auschwitz-Birkenau that includes return transportation, English-speaking guide and entrance to both extermination camps. 2. Bus: Several buses and minibuses connect Kraków city center with the concentration camp. The buses depart from Krakow Central Station. 3. Train: You can also take a train to the nearby town Oświęcim, and from there, take a taxi to Auschwitz.
The centerpiece of the Old Town is Krakow's Main Market Square, or Rynek, which is the largest such in Europe and has an area of 40,000 square meters. The centre of the square is dominated by the Cloth Hall, or Sukiennice, home to the Gallery of the National Museum, the new Underground Museum and numerous arts and crafts market stalls.
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Rynek Główny, Kraków It is the largest medieval square in Europe. Measuring approximately 200 metres by 200 metres, it was laid out when the city received its charter in 1257.
Jan 15, 2016 · The main square of Krakow is one of the most visited sights of the city, and for good reason. The Rynek Główny, as it is called in Polish, is one of the largest squares in Europe and contains strikingly beautiful architecture and an abundance of Polish history, However, the monuments and points of interest to…
Kraków’s Market Square Kraków’s Rynek Główny (Central Square) is the nerve centre of the city’s medieval Old Town.
Set within 0.2 km from Stare Miasto, the 4-star Betmanowska Main Square Residence features free WiFi throughout the venue as well as private parking onsite. The accommodation comprises 34 rooms. You will find airport transfer service, 24-hour reception and ironing service at the Hotel too.
According to chronicler Jan Długosz, Saint Mary's Basilica in the Main Square in Kraków was founded in 1221–22 by the Bishop of Kraków, Iwo Odrowąż. The building was destroyed during the Mongol invasion of Poland. Between 1290–1300 the new early Gothic church was built on the remaining foundations.