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  1. Marvel Comics - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Marvel_comics

    Marvel Comics is the brand name and primary imprint of Marvel Worldwide Inc., formerly Marvel Publishing, Inc. and Marvel Comics Group, a publisher of American comic books and related media. In 2009, The Walt Disney Company acquired Marvel Entertainment, Marvel Worldwide's parent company.

  2. Marvel Comics - Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

    simple.wikipedia.org › wiki › Marvel_Comics
    • Characters
    • History
    • Reception
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    • References

    The company is widely known for featuring iconic and well-known characters such as Spider-Man, Captain America, Iron Man, Deadpool, Thor, Wolverine, Hercules, the Hulk, She-Hulk, Hawkeye, the Falcon, the Winter Soldier, Namor the Sub-Mariner, Ms. Marvel, the Scarlet Witch, the Vision, Ant-Man, the Wasp, Ghost Rider, Black Panther, Black Widow, War Machine, Captain Marvel, Doctor Strange, Howard the Duck, Jessica Jones, Iron Fist, Luke Cage, Nick Fury, Silver Surfer, the Punisher, Blade, Daredevil, and Elektra. The majority of its publications takes place with the fictional Marvel Universe and its most well-known teams include the Avengers, the Fantastic Four, the Guardians of the Galaxy, the Brotherhood of Evil Mutants, the Dark Avengers, the Eternals, the Defenders, the Inhumans, the Thunderbolts, the Runaways, the Sinister Six, the S.H.I.E.L.D., and the X-Men. It also features a wide variety of fictional supervillains including Green Goblin, Doctor Doom, Doctor Octopus, Ultron, Ve...

    Marvel used to be a company called Timely Comics in the 1940s and then Atlas Comics in the 1950s. The first comic submitted with the name "Marvel Comics" was The Fantastic Four #1 in November, 1961. The precursor to Marvel Comics was created in 1939 by magazine creator Martin Goodman. In order to capitalize on the growing popularity of comic books—especially those starring superheroes—Goodman created Timely Comics. Timely’s first comic book was Marvel Comics no. 1 (cover dated October 1939), which featured several superhero characters, most notably the Human Torch and the Sub-Mariner. Timely Comics introduced many superhero characters during comics’ “Golden Age” in the 1940s, most importantly Captain America, who first appeared in Captain America Comics no. 1 (March 1941). Timely characters were often portrayed as fighting against the Nazis and the Japanese even before the United States entered World War II. As the 1940s came to a close, superheroes fell out of vogue with comic book...

    In the 21st century, Marvel’s profits were increasingly derived from toys, video games, and other merchandise featuring their most popular characters and from the production of a string of commercially successful movies. Those films differed from prior efforts to translate comics to the big screen in that they were set in a single shared world. That ambitious plan generated huge dividends with The Avengers (2012), a film that featured Iron Man, Thor, and Captain America—three heroes that had scored individual blockbuster successes—and grossed more than $1.5 billion worldwide. The Marvel Cinematic Universe, as it came to be known, grew into one of the most lucrative franchises in film history. Its success spawned a wave of television programs, beginning with Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D. (2013–2020) on ABC and continuing with Daredevil (2015–18), Jessica Jones (2015–2019), and Luke Cage (2016–18), a string of people lauded series that appeared on Netflix. In 2015 an agreement between Disney...

    Located in New York City, Marvel has had successive headquarters: 1. In the McGraw-Hill Building, where it originated as Timely Comics in 1939. 2. In suite 1401 of the Empire State Building. 3. At 635 Madison Avenue (the actual location, though the comic books' indicia listed the owner creating-company's address of 625 Madison Ave.) 4. 575 Madison Avenue. 5. 387 Park Avenue South. 6. 10 East 40th Street. 7. 417 Fifth Avenue. 8. A 60,000-square-foot (5,600 m2) space at 135 W. 50th Street.

    ↑ Rapoport, Michael (2021-02-20). "How Much of the Marvel Universe Did Stan Lee Really Create?". Wall Street Journal. ISSN 0099-9660. Retrieved 2021-05-05.
    ↑ Couch, Andy Lewis,Aaron; Lewis, Andy; Couch, Aaron (2018-07-06). "Steve Ditko, Spider-Man Co-Creator and Legendary Comics Artist, Dies at 90". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 2021-05-05.
    ↑ "Why Marvel Changed Their Name From Timely Comics". ScreenRant. 2019-10-22. Retrieved 2021-05-05.
  3. The Transformers (Marvel Comics) - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › The_Transformers_(Marvel
    • Overview
    • US title
    • Other titles
    • Transformers: Regeneration One

    The Transformers was an 80-issue American comic book series published by Marvel Comics telling the story of the Transformers. Originally scheduled as a four-issue miniseries, it spawned a mythology that would inform other versions of the saga. It also had a UK sister title that spliced original stories into the continuity, running for 332 issues.

    There were several story arcs that ran through the U.S. series. Issues # 1-4 - The Autobots and Decepticons land on Earth via the Ark, paralleling the cartoon. The Autobots are reformatted by the Ark to resemble cars and trucks; the Decepticons take the form of jets, weapons or i

    Most of the issues of Transformers Marvel US were written by two writers. Although the first issue was written by Bill Mantlo and Ralph Macchio, and the second to the fourth issues were written by Jim Salicrup, editor Bob Budiansky was the one who contributed the most to the stor

    There were two four-issue miniseries, G.I. Joe and the Transformers, and The Transformers: Headmasters, which integrated into the story of the main title. The G.I. Joe comic book series would also later introduce the 12-issue follow-up, Generation 2.

    In July 2011, it was announced that IDW Publishing has signed up Simon Furman, Andrew Wildman and Stephen Baskerville to make a continuation of the Marvel Transformers comic, consisting of 20 issues from #81 to #100, titled Transformers: Regeneration One. A special "prequel" issue, numbered #80.5, was published on Free Comic Book Day on 5 May 2012. Issue number #81 was published in July 2012, after which the series continued monthly. It wraps up plot points left hanging after the US edition was

    • 80
    • Hasbro
    • September 1984 – July 1991
    • Marvel Comics
  4. Surge (Marvel Comics) - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Surge_(Marvel_Comics)
    • Overview
    • Publication history
    • Fictional character biography
    • Powers and abilities
    • Personality
    • Other versions

    Surge is a fictional character appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics. The character is depicted as a mutant, one of the student body in the Xavier Institute, and a member of the former New Mutants squad therein. She maintained her powers post M-Day and was the leader of the New X-Men.

    Surge was created by Nunzio DeFilippis, Christina Weir, Keron Grant and first appeared in New Mutants, vol. 2 #8.

    Noriko Ashida was born in Japan. She was close to her brother, Keitaro, but she ran away from home after her powers manifested when she was thirteen years old; she claimed that her father "doesn't believe in mutants." How she came to the United States is unknown, but she ended up homeless on the streets of Salem Center, reduced to buying illegal drugs using stolen money. With no training or practice in the use of her powers, Noriko's body would automatically absorb all nearby electricity and, on

    Surge absorbs electricity at all times: from static in the air, electrical appliances, outlets, etc.. She can't control the absorption, and thus must wear specially designed gauntlets at all times to regulate it. She can discharge the energy through powerful lightning-like blasts or channel it into bursts of superhuman speed. If she takes in too much energy, it causes mental overloads which cause her to speak too fast, scatters her thinking, and worsens her control over the blasts. Her blue hair

    Very forthright and strong-minded, Nori has often clashed with her peers and superiors, from nearly getting into a brawl with Hellion after he insulted Prodigy's baseline status post-M-Day, and challenging Cyclops' assertion that the students are safe at the Institute. Nori also considers herself a feminist, attacking Dust's choice of garb as a betrayal of women's rights when the two are roomed together. Regardless, Nori is a loyal figure, dedicated to her friends, and increasingly feeling the r

    Nori is a member of Hellions in the House of M reality which is a group of junior agents of S.H.I.E.L.D. Her father is a human terrorist whom she was taken away from at a young age. She was taken off the squad and replaced with Magik due to her father's involvement in their lates

    • Noriko Ashida
    • New Mutants (vol. 2) #8 (January 2004)
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  6. Nighthawk (Marvel Comics) - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Nighthawk_(Marvel_Comics)
    • Overview
    • Publication history
    • Fictional character biography
    • Powers and abilities
    • Other versions

    Nighthawk is the name of several fictional characters appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics. There have been six versions of the character: a supervillain-turned-superhero from the mainstream Marvel Universe continuity, Kyle Richmond, who belonged to the team Squadron Sinister; and five from alternate universes, who belonged to various incarnations of the team Squadron Supreme. Nighthawk has made limited appearances in animation and live-action, with Scoot McNairy portrayi

    Kyle Richmond, the original Nighthawk, debuted as a supervillain in the final panel of The Avengers #69. This story is the first chapter of a three-issue story arc by writer Roy Thomas and penciller Sal Buscema. The arc introduced the supervillain team the Squadron Sinister, whose four members were loosely based on heroes in DC Comics' Justice League of America, with Nighthawk based on Batman. Following this arc, Nighthawk pursues a solo career, next appearing in Daredevil #62. Here, Richmond at

    Kyle Richmond was born to two wealthy parents and was brought up by his governess while his dad is away. When Kyle's mother died in an accident, his father sent him to boarding school. Due to his family's money, Kyle got into Grayburn College where he became involved with Mindy Williams who helped him focus through his education. One night, Kyle was caught in a drunk-driving accident in which Mindy was killed, and he was kicked out of school and was unable to return. Kyle later became anti-socia

    Nighthawk is a superb athlete who, courtesy of an alchemical potion, possesses enhanced strength and increased agility and durability from dusk till dawn. He has also used several costume aids, such as a jet-powered artificial wing system, artificial claw tips, lasers and projectile weapons.

    Roy Thomas and penciller John Buscema created an alternate-universe team of heroes called the Squadron Supreme, who debut in The Avengers #85. After an initial skirmish with four Avengers, the teams unite to stop a common threat. The characters were identical in name and appearan

    When the remnants of the Squadron Supreme returns to their home universe in the one-shot Squadron Supreme: New World Order, they encounter a new Nighthawk, adopted son of Kyle Richmond and biological son of Kyle's foe the Huckster. The Squadron's reality is now dominated by corpo

    The mature-audience Marvel MAX imprint showcases the adventures of the Earth-31916 version of the Squadron Supreme. This version of Kyle Richmond, an African-American, first appears in the limited series Supreme Power, and utilizes his wealth to train and develop advanced weaponr

  7. Marvel Comics – Wikipedia

    de.wikipedia.org › wiki › Marvel_Comics
    • Geschichte
    • Satirische Selbstdarstellung
    • Marvel-Comics in Deutschland
    • Verfilmungen und Fernsehserien
    • Videospiele
    • Benennung Von Fliegen
    • Siehe Auch
    • Weblinks
    • Einzelnachweise

    Marvel ging aus dem 1939 von Martin Goodman gegründeten Verlag Timely Publications (später umbenannt in Timely Comics) hervor, der zur Zeit des Zweiten Weltkrieges die Abenteuer von Superhelden wie Captain America, Human Torch, Namor dem Sub-Mariner sowie Patsy Walkerin Serien veröffentlichte. Während des Zweiten Weltkrieges gab es insgesamt 160 verschiedene Superheldentitel von mehr als zwei Dutzend Verlagen mit einer Gesamtauflage von 300 Millionen Heften und einem jährlichen Umsatz von 30 Millionen Dollar. Nach dem Hoch, das Comics in den USA in den 1930er und 1940er Jahren erlebt hatten, wurden die Zeiten auch für Timely in den 1950er Jahren schlechter. McCarthyismus und insbesondere Fredric Werthams Buch „Seduction of the Innocent“ beschuldigten Comics, einen schädlichen Einfluss auf Kinder auszuüben. In jener Zeit wurde auch die Comic Code Authority (CCA) gegründet, die eine Zensurbehördefür Comics darstellte. Als Atlas bzw. Timely/Atlas brachte der Verlag Science-Fiction- und...

    In den späten 1970ern und den frühen 1980ern erschien der Verlag zeitweise in seinen eigenen Comics (speziell in den Comics über die Marvel-Superhelden). In diesen Selbstdarstellungen zeigt sich der Verlag als eine Art Zeitungsverlag, der die Abenteuer der meisten Superhelden in Comicform vermarktet. Ein paar Male hat der Verlag aber auch unter Begegnungen von diversen Superhelden oder -schurken zu leiden, die die Büros verwüsten, weil sie ihre Darstellung nicht als besonders geschmackvoll empfanden. Diese Autokarikatur war jedoch nicht die Regel und verschwand nach und nach aus der Praxis. Im Besonderem sind in diesem Zusammenhang folgende Comictitel zu benennen: 1. Fantastic Four#176 (1976) 2. Uncanny X-Men Annual(1st series) #7 (1983) 3. The Thing#7 (1984) 4. Sensational She-Hulk#51 (1993)

    Im deutschsprachigen Raum wurden Marvel-Comics von folgenden Verlagen veröffentlicht: 1. Williams/Bildschriftenverlag, 1966–1973 in zwei Sammelreihen (Heft) 2. Williams Verlag Klaus Recht GmbH, 1974–1979 in diversen eigenen Reihen (Heft, Taschenbuch, Magazin) 3. Condor Verlag, 1980–1996 in diversen eigenen Reihen (Heft, Album, Taschenbuch, Magazin) 4. Reiner Feest Verlag, 1991 in diversen Reihen (Album) 5. Ehapa Verlag, 1980–1985 in einer Sammelreihe und einer Albumreihe sowie 1991–1994 unter dem Label Feest USAFortführung des gleichnamigen Verlagsprogramms in diversen eigenen Reihen (Album) 6. Bastei Verlag, 1989–1994 in diversen eigenen Reihen (Heft, Magazin, Album) 7. Marvel UK, 1994–1995 in einer eigenen Reihe (Heft) 8. Splitter Verlag, 1984–1991 in diversen eigenen Reihen (Album) 9. Norbert Hethke Verlag, 1976–1986 in dem Magazin Die Sprechblasesowie in einer Albumreihe 10. Modern Graphics, 1996 in einem Tradepaperback 11. Dino Verlag, 1994–2001 in einer eigenen Reihe und einer...

    Im Laufe der Zeit wurden einige Superhelden und andere Comicvorlagen von Marvel und deren Imprintsverfilmt oder als Fernsehserie ins Fernsehen gebracht:

    Eine große Bandbreite an Marvel-Charakteren tritt auch in Videospielen verschiedener Publisherund Genres auf. Im Januar 2014 sind einige Lizenzabkommen zwischen Marvel und verschiedenen Publishern, darunter Activision und Capcom, abgelaufen. Dies hatte zur Folge, dass alle Titel dieser Publisher mit einem Bezug auf Marvel nicht mehr als Downloadversionen in sämtlichen Onlinemärkten zur Verfügung stehen. Die Retail-Versionen sind nicht betroffen.

    Im Juli 2020 wurde publiziert, dass australische Wissenschafter fünf Fliegenarten nach Marvel-Helden und Schurken benannt haben. Darunter Thor, Loki und Deadpool.

    ↑ Marvel Entertainment Appoints C.B. Cebulski as New Marvel Comics Editor-in-Chief, 17. November 2017.
    ↑ ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934. For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2007. (PDF; 904 kB) Marvel Entertainment, Inc., 24. März 2008, S. 27,...
    ↑ Augmented Reality: App erweckt Marvel-Comics zum Leben, Netzwelt, 12. März 2012. Abgerufen am 17. März 2012.
    ↑ Marvel Wants You To Join The ReEvolution, 3. März 2012. Aufgerufen am 15. September 2018
    • 1939 (als Timely Comics)
    • 417 5th Avenue, New York, USA
    • Teil von Marvel Entertainment
    • 125,7 Mio. US$ (2007)
  8. Marvel Comics - Wikipedia

    nl.wikipedia.org › wiki › Marvel_Comics
    • Geschiedenis
    • Hoofdredacteuren
    • Kantoren
    • Afdelingen
    • Marvel Comics Oorspronkelijk Uitgegeven in Het Nederlands
    • Uitgevers
    • Marvelfilms en -Series

    Timely Comics

    Martin Goodman richtte in 1939 de uitgeverij Timely Comics op, welke later zou uitgroeien tot Marvel Comics. Goodman was voorheen uitgever van pulp-tijdschriften, met name Western. Timely's eerste publicatie, Marvel Comics #1 (Oktober 1939), bevatte het eerste verhaal waarin de superheld Human Torch te zien was, evenals de schurk Namor the Sub-Mariner. Van het tijdschrift werden 80.000 exemplaren verkocht, waarna Goodman besloot een tweede exemplaar te laten drukken. Deze verscheen in novembe...

    Atlas Comics

    Na de Tweede Wereldoorlog stortte de markt voor strips over superhelden grotendeels in. Goodman stopte daarom met de publicatie van superheldenverhalen en focuste zich meer op een groter arsenaal aan thema’s. Zo liet hij strips maken over horror, western, humor, drama en misdaadverhalen. De naam van het bedrijf werd veranderd naar Atlas Comics. Onder de naam Atlas Comics publiceerde Marvel een groot aantal strips die vooral een patroon volgden dat op dat moment populair was. Zo werden er eers...

    Jaren 60

    De eerste strip die onder de naam Marvel Comics werd uitgebracht, was Amazing Adventures #3 uit augustus 1961. Onder de nieuwe naam ging Marvel net als DC Comics alles op alles zetten om superhelden comics weer populair te maken bij een groot publiek. Hiervoor werden een groot aantal nieuwe superhelden bedacht, beginnend met Spider-Man en Marvels eerste superheldenteam, de Fantastic Four. Tot 1969 bracht Marvel 831 stripboeken uit, waarvan het grootste gedeelte geschreven door Stan Lee. De ve...

    Marvel heeft zijn hoofdkantoor in New York, in het McGraw-Hill Building aan 330 West 42nd Street. Het bedrijf werd opgericht in kantoor 1401 in het Empire State Building.

    Marvel Comics is inmiddels opgesplitst in meerdere afzonderlijke afdelingen en titels: 1. Icon Comics 2. Marvel Adventures 3. Marvel Knights 4. Marvel Illustrated 5. Marvel Noir 6. MAX 7. Soleil 8. Ultimate Marvel Voormalige titels zijn: 1. Amalgam Comics 2. Curtis Magazines 3. Epic Comics 4. Marvel 2099 5. Marvel Absurd 6. Marvel Age 7. Malibu Comics 8. Marvel Edge 9. Marvel Mangaverse 10. Marvel Music 11. Marvel Next 12. Marvel UK 13. MC2 14. Age of Heroes 15. New Universe 16. Paramount Comics 17. Razorline 18. Star Comics 19. Tsunami

    De volgende uitgevers hebben werken van Marvel Comics gepubliceerd in het Nederlands: 1. 1966-1976: Classics Lektuur (19(Hip Comics/Classics 1-169, Durfal Classics 18-29 en Album 1-4, Kapitein Marvel Classics 4, Machtige Thor Classics 5-16 en Album 1-3, Spinneman Classics 48-81 en Album 1-12, De Vier Verdedigers Classics 47-81 en Album 1-10, De Wrekers Classics 18-28, X-Mannen Classics 16-28, IJzerman Classics4, plus diverse andere albumseries) 2. 1979-1983: Oberon(pockets en albums) 3. 1979-2007: Juniorpress(overige + Marvel Superhelden 1-78, Special 1-18, Parade 1-6, Film Special, Strip 1-12, Limited Series 1-19, Geheime Oorlogen I en II, Infinity) 4. 2007-2009: Z-Press junior media(had alle Marvelrechten van Juniorpress overgenomen) 5. 2010-2011: Nona Arte 6. 2015-2017: Standaard Uitgeverij

    Films

    Marvel heeft een aantal films uitgebracht, sommige niet altijd even succesvol, andere weer een kaskraker.

    Animatieseries

    Verder produceert Marvel Entertainment een aantal animatieseries: 1. X-Men: Evolution 2. X-Men 3. Wolverine and the X-Men 4. The Incredible Hulk 5. Fantastic Four (meerdere series) 6. The Avengers: Earth's Mightiest Heroes 7. The Avengers: United They Stand 8. The Avengers: Age Of Ultron 9. Spider-Man (meerdere series)

    Overige series

    In samenwerking met Netflix produceert Marvel de series Jessica Jones, Daredevil, Luke Cage, Iron Fist, The Defenders en The Punisher. In samenwerking met ABC produceert Marvel de series Agent Carter en Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D.

    • 1939 (sinds 1961 als Marvel Comics}
    • 135 W. 50th Street, New York
  9. Marvel Comics - Wikipedia, la enciclopedia libre

    es.wikipedia.org › wiki › Marvel_Comics
    • Historia
    • Redactores Jefe
    • Marvel en Otros Países
    • Marvel en Otros Medios
    • Véase también
    • Bibliografía

    Orígenes

    La editorial, que posteriormente sería conocida como Marvel Comics, nació en 1939 con el nombre de Timely Publications de la mano de un joven empresario de 31 años llamado Martin Goodman, que había comenzado su carrera como empresario a los 29 años, con una pequeña editorial de revistas pulp llamada Western Fiction Publishing.[2]​ Al igual que otros editores de pulps de la época, Goodman decidió ampliar su editorial hacia el floreciente negocio de los cómics en 1939, y para ello contrató los...

    Timely publications

    El primer cómic de Timely Comics, apareció con fecha de portada en octubre de 1939.[4]​ Aquel primer número incluía las aventuras de los tres primeros superhéroes de la editorial, el androide conocido como la Antorcha Humana, el antihéroe Namor y el Ángel (sin relación con el personaje de los X-Men), creados por Carl Burgos, Bill Everett y Paul Gustavson respectivamente.[5]​ Las ventas debieron de ser buenas, porque en los meses siguientes Timely lanzó nuevos títulos como Daring Mystery Comic...

    Atlas Comics

    El fin de los superhéroes no supuso ningún revés para la empresa de Martin Goodman, que en 1950 publicaba más títulos que nunca realizados por una plantilla de unos veinte artistas que cobraban un sueldo fijo.[17]​ No obstante, Goodman decidió hacer cambios para hacer más competitiva la editorial y más rentable el negocio: en primer lugar, acabó con los sueldos fijos de su plantilla y estableció un sistema de remuneración por el cual los autores cobraban por trabajo entregado; posteriormente...

    Desde sus orígenes y hasta 1974, todos los títulos de Marvel contaban con un único editor que se encargaba de supervisar los aspectos relacionados con el dibujo y el guion, además de diseñar los nuevos proyectos de la editorial.[51]​ Sin embargo, el incremento de títulos a lo largo de los años 1970 llevó a que algunos autores también fuesen editores de los títulos que ellos mismos escribían, gozando de una enorme libertad.[52]​ Aunque seguía existiendo un editor que se encargaba de supervisar todos los títulos de la editorial, y que recibía el título de redactor jefe (editor-in-chief) para distinguirlo de los demás editores, dicho puesto no ganaría importancia hasta la llegada de Jim Shooter en 1978, cuando se creó un cuerpo amplio de editores coordinados por el redactor jefe, lo que permitía un control mayor sobre los autores y una coordinación más eficaz de las series.[53]​ 1. C. B. Cebulski (2017-actualidad)[54]​ 2. Axel Alonso (2011-2017)[50]​ 3. Joe Quesada (2000-2011)[55]​ 4....

    En 1968, en pleno auge de los superhéroes, Marvel vendía 55 millones de cómics al año. Sin embargo, a medida que Marvel iba ganando popularidad y atención mediática en los Estados Unidos, sus personajes comenzaron a ser conocidos en el resto del mundo, y para el año 1972 las cifras de ventas anuales de Marvel en todo el mundo eran de 90 millones de ejemplares.[63]​

    Los personajes y sagas de Marvel han sido adaptadas a diversos medios, siendo especialmente populares en la televisión y el cine.

    Daniels, Les (1991). Marvel. Five Fabolous Decades of The World's Greatest Comics. Harry N. Abrams Publishers: Nueva York, Estados Unidos. ISBN 0-8109-3821-9
    Guiral, Antoni (2007). Del Tebeo al Manga: Una historia de los cómics. Vol.4. Marvel Comics: Un universo en constante evolución. Panini Comics: Torroella de Montgrí, España. ISBN 978-84-9691-64-4
    Raphael, Jordan y Spurgeon, Tom (2003). Stan Lee and The Rise and Fall of The American Comics Book. Chicago Review Press: Chicago, Estados Unidos. ISBN 1-55652-506-0
  10. Marvel Comics - Wikipedia

    it.wikipedia.org › wiki › Marvel_Comics
    • Anni Quaranta E Cinquanta
    • Anni Sessanta
    • Anni Settanta
    • Anni Ottanta
    • Anni Novanta
    • Anni Duemila
    • Anni 2010

    Nel 1939 l'editore di New York Frank Torpey decise di pubblicare una rivista a fumetti, Motion Picture Funnies Weekly la quale però non ebbe successo e ne venne editato un solo numero al cui interno c'era una storia di otto pagine con protagonista il personaggio di Namor, realizzata da William Blake Everett. L'iniziativa destò l'interesse di un altro editore, Martin Goodman, proprietario della Western Fiction Publishing, che stava proponendo ai lettori statunitensi una serie di riviste sportive, ludiche, sul cinema e la narrativa e che aveva intenzione di proporre anche una rivista a fumetti e pertanto contattò Torpey per rilevare la sua attività acquisendone tutto il materiale da lui prodotto e riprendendo la pubblicazione della sua rivista cambiandone la testata in Marvel Comics che esordì il 31 agosto 1939 sotto il marchio Timely Comics. Per molti anni a seguire sotto questo marchio vennero presentati serie a fumetti editi da Goodman il quale, all'iniziale Namor affiancò col temp...

    Alcuni anni dopo, Stanley Lieber, un nipote acquisito di Goodman, iniziò a lavorare per lui, dapprima come galoppino e quindi come scrittore di storie, dapprima con lo pseudonimo di Lee Nats, quindi con il nome che lo rese famoso, Stan Lee. Col tempo divenne direttore dell'azienda che cambiò poi denominazione in Atlas Comics e quindi, nel 1961, in Marvel Comics. Fu anche il periodo in cui, soprattutto insieme a Jack Kirby, creò la maggior parte dei personaggi che popolarono quello che l'universo narrativo noto come Universo Marvel. I primi albi distribuiti con un piccolo riquadro con la sigla MC (Marvel Comics) sulla copertina risalgono a luglio 1961 su albi di serie di genere western come Rawhide Kid, romantico per adolescenti o d'orrore come Tales to Astonish o d'avventura come Amazing Adventures. L'idea di lanciare una linea di fumetti di genere supereroistico denominata Marvel Comics fu di Stan Lee che, nel novembre 1961, farà esordire la testata The Fantastic Four (vol. 1). Il...

    Negli anni settanta la Marvel comincia a pubblicare altri tipi di fumetti come il fantasy di Conan il barbaro, quelli horror (con titoli quali Uomo Cosa, La Tomba di Dracula e Ghost Rider) e di arti marziali (con la serie Shang-Chi) cercando di uscire dalla crisi che stava attanagliando il mercato americano. Prima di lasciare la Marvel per la rivale DC Comics, Kirby contribuisce a lanciare due nuove serie antologiche, Amazing Adventures (vol. 2) con l'esordio degli Inumani, e Astonishing Tales(vol. 1) Avvenimenti degni di nota del 1970: 1. The X-Men (prima serie) n. 66 (marzo): è l'ultimo numero contenente una storia inedita. Dal n. 67 (dicembre) la serie contiene solo ristampe. I Supereroi mutanti non sono riusciti a raccogliere consensi neppure con l'ultimo ciclo di storie realizzate dall'artista Neil Adamsconcluso con il n. 65 (febbraio). Al momento la Marvel è indecisa su cosa farne della serie ma decide di non chiuderla e opta per delle ristampe. 2. Inizia L'era di Conan il bar...

    Nel decennio degli anni ottanta, sotto l'egida di Jim Shooter, la Marvel entra in una nuova fase di rinnovamento artistico pubblicando opere rivoluzionarie e proponendo una versione crepuscolare e tormentata dei supereroi, consolidando alcuni popolari anti-eroi tra cui il Devil di Frank Miller, che aveva già rivitalizzato il mito di Batman, il Punitore, l'ex-soldato (reduce del Vietnam) Frank Castle, la cui famiglia viene spietatamente uccisa dalla mafia, che diviene sui primi anni ottanta una presenza ricorrente proprio nel celebre ciclo di Devil scritto da Frank Miller, o l'Hulk di Peter David. Viene anche creata la Epic Comics una divisione creator owned in cui gli autori potevano sperimentare storie diverse dai soliti canoni dell'avventura supereroistica più vicina ai canoni europei e i cui diritti rimanevano ai legittimi creatori. Inoltre, su licenza della Hasbro, vengono realizzate storie dedicate ai famosi mecha Transformers ed al gruppo militare G.I. Joe.

    Con l'arrivo degli anni novanta la Marvel viene acquistata dal miliardario Ron Perelman e passa dalle 5 milioni di copie degli X-Men di Jim Lee alla chiusura di ben sedici testate in pochi mesi tra il 1993 e il 1994, sostituite sotto la criticata gestione di Tom DeFalco prima e di Bob Harras da collane di durata effimera come quella dedicata al supergruppo Force Works (nuova versione più "aggressiva" dei Vendicatori della Costa Ovest), la linea futuristica Marvel 2099 e la linea Ultraverse, che non riescono ad entrare in sintonia con i nuovi gusti del pubblico abituato ai manga e ai nuovi fumetti pubblicati dalla Image Comics.

    Nel nuovo secolo, dopo aver sfiorato il fallimento nel 1996, fa parte della Disney e continua a pubblicare albi a fumetti con i suoi eroi più importanti, gestita dall'editor-in-chief Joe Quesada, ex-cartoonist indipendente, che ha anche varato diverse nuove iniziative editoriali come l'universo Ultimate, dove sono presentate delle versioni rinnovate degli eroi classici, o il Marvel Manga, dove gli eroi Marvel sono interpretati in chiave manga da artisti che hanno acquisito uno stile simile a quello giapponese; nonché pubblica fumetti appartenenti all'universo di Star Wars, de Il Pianeta delle Scimmie, e probabilmente in seguito all'acquisizione da parte di Topolino. Ha poi partecipato, come cartoonist, al varo della linea editoriale Marvel Knights, nata per realizzare storie di supereroi senza i limiti imposti dal Comics Code Authority, che è stato in seguito totalmente abbandonato su tutte le testate Marvel in favore di un sistema interno di valutazione degli albi, e quindi la line...

    Il 31 agosto 2009, The Walt Disney Company ha annunciato un accordo per acquisire la capogruppo di Marvel Comics, Marvel Entertainment, per circa 4 miliardi di dollari, secondo il quale gli azionisti Marvel avrebbero ricevuto 30 dollari e 0,745 azioni Disney per ogni azione Marvel in loro possesso. A partire dal 2008, la Marvel e il suo principale concorrente di lunga data DC Comics condividevano oltre l'80% del mercato del fumetto americano. A partire da settembre 2010, la Marvel ha cambiato la sua società di distribuzione nelle librerie dalla Diamond Book Distributors alla Hachette Distribution Services. Nel marzo 2011, la Marvel ha rilanciato l'etichetta "CrossGen", di proprietà della Disney Publishing Worldwide, e a maggio dello stesso anno, ha iniziato assieme alla Disney Publishing la pubblicazione congiunta della collana "Disney / Pixar Presents". Marvel ha interrotto la sua collana "Marvel Adventures" nel marzo 2012, sostituendola con una linea di due titoli collegati al ram...

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