Northeast India (officially North Eastern Region, NER) is the easternmost region of India representing both a geographic and political administrative division of the country. It comprises eight states – Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Tripura and Sikkim.
Northeast India on the map of the Republic of India. Northeast India (officially North Eastern Region, NER) refers to the easternmost region of the Republic of India. When India became indpendent, it was split into the states that are now India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh. Northeast India lies to the east of Bangladesh.
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Category:Northeast India. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Northeast India. Northeast India — the distinct and eastern-most region of India. The region comprises the 7 contiguous Seven Sister States, and the Himalayan state of Sikkim. 'Connecting' upper West Bengal state is not classified within the region. Northeast India region.
- Arunachal Pradesh
- Assam Conflict
- Spillover in Bhutan
- See Also
The National Liberation Council of Taniland (NLCT) was active along the Assam – Arunachal Pradesh border, and its members belong to the Tani groups of people which are demanding Taniland. The group enjoys no support from the local population of Arunachal Pradesh who are fiercely pro-India and the group is all but defunct now. The Tani groups are one of the ethnic groups of northeast India (variously known as Mising in Assam and Adi, Nyishi, Galo, Apatani, Tagin, in Arunachal Pradesh) in India...
Assam has been a refuge for militants for a number of years, due to its porous borders with Bangladesh and Bhutan and also due to its very close proximity to Burma. The main causes of the friction include anti-foreigner agitation in the 1980s, and the simmering indigenous-migrant tensions. The insurgency status in Assam is classified as "very active".The government of Bangladesh has arrested and extradited senior leaders of the ULFA.
Manipur's long tradition of independence can be traced to the foundation of the Kangleipak State in 1110. The Kingdom of Manipur was conquered by Great Britain following the brief Anglo-Manipuri Warof 1891, becoming a British protectorate. Manipur became part of the Indian Union on 15 October 1949. Manipur's incorporation into the Indian state soon led to the formation of a number of insurgent organisations, seeking the creation of an independent state within the borders of Manipur, and dismissing the merger with India as involuntary. Despite the fact that Manipur became a separate state of the Indian Union on 21 January 1972, the insurgency continued.On 8 September 1980, Manipur was declared an area of disturbance, when the Indian government imposed the Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act, 1958on the region; the act currently remains in force. The parallel rise of Naga nationalism in neighbouring Nagaland led to the emergence of the National Socialist Council of Nagaland (NSCN) activ...
Nagaland was created in 1963 as the 16th state of the Indian Union, before which it was a district of Assam. Insurgent groups classified as active mainly demand full independence. The Naga National Council led by Phizo was the first group to dissent in 1947 and in 1956 they went underground.
The insurgent groups in Tripura emerged at the end of the 1970s, as ethnic tensions between the Bangladeshiinfiltration and the tribal native population who were outnumbered by the former, hailing from other parts of India and nearby Bangladesh, which resulted in their being reduced to minority status even threatening them economically, socially, culturally; this resulted in a clarion call for safeguarding tribal rights and cultures. Such being the extent of desperation, this naturally resulted in hatred and suspicion and their status is classified as active.
The state of Meghalaya was separated from the state of Assam in 1971, in order to satisfy the Khasi, Synteng and Garofor a separate state. The decision was initially praised as an example of successful national integration into the wider Indian state. This, however, failed to prevent the rise of national consciousness among the local tribal populations, later leading to a direct confrontation between Indian nationalism and the newly created Garo and Khasi nationalisms. A parallel rise of nationalism in the other members of the Seven Sister Statesfurther complicated the situation, resulting in occasional clashes between rebel groups. The state wealth distribution system further fueled the rising separatist movements, as funding is practised through per-capita transfers, which largely benefits the leading ethnic group. The first militant outfit to emerge in the region was the Hynniewtrep Achik Liberation Council(HALC). It was formed in 1992, aiming to protect the interests of Meghalay...
Mizoram's tensions were largely due to the simmering Assamese domination and the neglect of the Mizo people. In 1986, the Mizo accord ended the main secessionist movement led by the Mizo National Front, bringing peace to the region.Insurgency status is classified as partially active, due to secessionist/autonomy demands by the Chakmas and Brus. The Chakma and Reang tribes complain of religious and ethnic persecution, and complain that the dominant Mizo ethnic group, almost entirely Christian, wants to convert them to Christianity.
Following the 1990 Operations Rhino and Bajrang, Assamese separatist groups relocated their camps to Bhutan. In 1996 the Bhutan government became aware of a large number of camps on its southern border with India. The camps were set up by four Assamese separatist movements: the ULFA, NDFB, Bodo Liberation Tigers Force (BLTF) and Kamtapur Liberation Organization (KLO). The camps also harboured separatists belonging to the National Socialist Council of Nagaland (NSCN) and the All Tripura Tiger Force(ATTF). India then exerted diplomatic pressure on Bhutan, offering support in removing the rebel organisations from its soil. The government of Bhutan initially pursued a peaceful solution, opening dialogue with the militant groups on 1998. Five rounds of talks were held with ULFA, three rounds with DNFB, with KLO ignoring all invitations sent by the government. In June 2001 ULFA agreed to close down four of its camps; however, the Bhutanese government soon realized that the camps had simpl...
In Manipur the following militant groups have come together as the CorCOMwhich is a short name for Coordination Committee. 1. Kangleipak Communist Party(KCP), 2. Kanglei Yawol Kanna Lup(KYKL), 3. People's Revolutionary Party of Kangleipak(PREPAK), People's Revolutionary Party of Kangleipak-Pro (PREPAK-Pro), 4. Revolutionary People's Front(RPF) 5. United National Liberation Front(UNLF) 6. United People's Party of Kangleipak(UPPK) CorCom is on the extremist organisations list of the Government...
Some of the above-mentioned militant groups have formed an alliance to fight against the governments of India, Bhutan and Myanmar. They use the term "Western Southeast Asia" (WESEA) to describe the region in which they operate: Northeast India, Bhutan, North Bengal and Myanmar. These groups include: 1. The Kangleipak Communist Party (KCP), Kanglei Yawol Kanna Lup (KYKL), People's Revolutionary Party of Kangleipak (PREPAK), People's Revolutionary Party of Kangleipak-Pro (PREPAK-Pro), Revolutio...
United National Liberation Front of WESEA
Nine militant groups of the northeast, including the NSCN (Khaplang) and the ULFA faction led by Paresh Baruah, have come together to form a new unified front known as UNLFW during a meeting held in Myanmar in early 2015.Besides the NSCN (K) and ULFA-Independent, other groups that participated in the meeting held at Taga in Sagaing division of Myanmar earlier this month were the Kangleipak Communist Party (KCP), Kanglei Yawol Kunna Lup (KYKL), the People’s Revolutionary Party of Kangleipak (P...
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- Suggested Edits
- Assam - Ahom
- 18 to 70 Year Old History Reported as Current Information
- Geography Section Mistakenly Split Up
- Largest Cities by Population
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Bhaskarbhagawati Please do not use this article to get into a discussion on the theories on Etymology of Assam, please use the article created for that purpose. Chaipau (talk) 22:06, 24 September 2017 (UTC) 1. Yes, i invite you to do so, 'Etymology of Assam' was prepared by you as per many previous discussions, and here you get its reflection only. Reply, if you want there. Thanks. भास्कर् Bhagawati Speak 09:03, 25 September 2017 (UTC) 1.1. The explanation that the origin of the name Assam is in Sanskrit has been rejected by Edward Gait in History of Assam. Chaipau (talk) 10:06, 25 September 2017 (UTC) 1.2. There are two explanations given when we consider the origin of Assam as a Sanskrit word. One, as "uneven" land, which you mention; and two, as "un-paralleled" Ahoms. Why did you choose to pick the first explanation and so oppose the second? Also, both explanation are rejected by Gait. Since the exact explanation is still contested in this Wiki, why don't we use it according to t...
I moved history dating from 1947 to 2000 to "History." However, another editor reverted this back to current information with no edit summary. See https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Northeast_India&diff=prev&oldid=830574163. This should be moved back IMO. Student7 (talk) 17:15, 17 March 2018 (UTC) 1. This part being referred to '21st century separatist unrest' and others have been correctly put under the section called 'Administration and political disputes'. The header already reads ... political disputes and therefore the change was reverted to earlier. RenZutↂ07:59, 26 April 2018 (UTC)
In this article, geography has been split up into two sections, "Geography" and "Wildlife". I tried to correct this, but was reverted. See https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Northeast_India&diff=next&oldid=830913629. But see Featured articles: Australia, Bangladesh, Cambodia, Geography of India, and the only project with a clear, specific outline, Wikipedia:WikiProject_Cities/US_Guideline#Geography, which is why it is often used for other projects, though "US cities" may not be involved. Student7 (talk) 20:17, 19 March 2018 (UTC) 1. This is big move. To be true, Wildlife In Northeast India is supposed to be a separate article (pending under my project list at the moment). Given the importance and the breadth of the content, not including it in Geography may be better. RenZutↂ08:02, 26 April 2018 (UTC)
The population numbers given for a lot of cities don't match the census numbers given in the citation. For example, Guwahati, Agartala, and Dimapur numbers are off by 3 lakh, 1 lakh, and 2.5 lakh respectively from the numbers in 2011 census on urban agglomerations. Pease check this and make corrections, if necessary. Kekamohan (talk) 13:08, 15 August 2018 (UTC) 1. Could you please cite the source? RenZutↂ07:24, 3 September 2018 (UTC)
The following Wikimedia Commons file used on this page has been nominated for deletion: 1. Kamarupa map.png Participate in the deletion discussion at the nomination page. —Community Tech bot (talk) 11:53, 15 September 2019 (UTC)
- Allegations of sexual assault
Human rights issues in northeast India have been widely reported in the press and by human rights activists. Northeast India refers to the easternmost region of India consisting of the states of Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Sikkim, and Tripura, as well as parts of northern West Bengal. Northeast India Location of Northeast states within India Population38,857,769 Area262,230 km2 Population density148/km2 Time zoneIST States and territoriesArunachal Pradesh, As
An ongoing separatist struggle has continued in the region since the late 1940s, making it the longest running separatist struggle in South Asia. There are multiple parties involved in the struggles including different ethnic groups and states, some of whom want total independence from India while others call for a restructuring of the states.
Violence broke out between Bodo tribes and Muslim migrant settlers in the Kokrajhar district of Assam on 20 July 2012, leaving at least 45 people dead and approximately 300,000 displaced in the month of July. According to Human Rights Watch, the fighting has led to a strict curfew, with police being given "shoot at sight" orders for curfew violators. Multiple police shootings were reported after the order was given.
Women are mostly raped during militant attacks where men of the villages or towns are gathered outside their homes and women are forced to stay indoors. Furthermore, most of the rapes go unreported due to the social stigma and fear of backlash.
India has been a federal republic since 1950, governed in a democratic parliamentary system. It is a pluralistic, multilingual and multi-ethnic society. India's population grew from 361 million in 1951 to 1.211 billion in 2011.
- National Symbols of India
- Geography and Climate
- Indian States
- Trouble with The Borders
The National emblem of India shows four lions standing back-to-back. The lions symbolise power, pride, confidence, and courage (bravery). Only the government can use this emblem, according to the State Emblem of India (Prohibition of Improper Use) Act, 2005 The name India comes from the Greek word, Indus. This came from the word sindhu, which in time turned into Hind or Hindi or Hindu. The preferred native name or endonym is "Bharat" in Hindiand other Indian languages as contrasted with names from outsiders. Some of the national symbols are: National anthem- jana gana mana National song- vande mataram National animal- royal bengal tiger National bird- peacock National flower- lotus National tree- banyan National river- ganges(ganga) National fruit- mango National heritage animal- elephant National heritage bird- Indian Eagle 1. Panthera tigris tigris Royal Bengal Tiger (national animal) 2. Pavo cristatus Peacock (national bird) 3. Nelumbonucifera Lotus (national flower) 4. Ficus ben...
Two of the main classical languages of the world Tamil language and Sanskrit language were born in India. Both of these languages are more than 3000 years old. The country founded a religion called Hinduism, which most Indians still follow. Later, a king named Chandragupt Maurya built an empire called the Maurya Empire in 300 BC. It made most of South Asia into one whole country. From 180 BC, many other countries invaded India. Even later (100 BC AD 1100), other Indian dynasties (empires) came, including the Chalukyas, Cholas, Pallavas, and Pandyas. Southern India at that time was famous for its science, art, and writing. The Cholas of Thanjavur were pioneers at war in the seas and invaded Malaya, Borneo, Cambodia. The influence of Cholas are still well noticeable in SE Asia. Many dynasties ruled India around the year 1000. Some of these were the Mughal, Vijayanagara, and the Marathaempires. In the 1600s, European countries invaded India, and the British controlled most of India by...
India is the largest democracyin the world. India's government is divided into three parts: the Legislative (the one that makes the laws, the Parliament), the Executive (the government), and the Judiciary (the one that makes sure that the laws are obeyed, the supreme court). The legislative branch is made up of the Parliament of India, which is in New Delhi, the capital of India. The Parliament of India is divided into two houses: the upper house, Rajya Sabha (Council of States); and the lower house, Lok Sabha (House of People). The Rajya Sabha has 250 members,and the Lok Sabha has 552 members. The executive branch is made up of the President, Vice President, Prime Minister, and the Council of Ministers. The President of India is elected for a period of five years. The President can choose the Prime Minister, who has most of the power. The Council of Ministers, such as the Minister of Defence, help the Prime Minister. Narendra Modi became the Prime Minister of India on May 16, 2014....
India is the seventh biggest country in the world. It is the main part of the Indian subcontinent. The countries next to India are Pakistan, Bangladesh, Myanmar, China, Bhutan, and Nepal. It is also near Sri Lanka, an islandcountry. India is a peninsula, which means that it is surrounded on three sides by water. One of the seven wonders of the world is in Agra: the Taj Mahal. In the west is the Arabian Sea, in the south is the Indian Ocean, and in the east is the Bay of Bengal. The northern part of India has many mountains. The most famous mountain range in India is the Himalayas, which have some of the tallest mountains in the world. There are many rivers in India. The main rivers are the Ganges, the Brahmaputra, the Yamuna, the Godavari, the Kaveri, the Narmada, and the Krishna. India has different climates. In the South, the climate is mainly tropical, which means it can get very hot in summer and cool in winter. The northern part, though, has a cooler climate, called sub-tropica...
The Indian Armed Forces is the military of India. It is made up of an Army, Navy and Air Force. There are other parts like Paramilitary and Strategic Nuclear Command. The President of India is the Commander-in-Chief. However, it is managed by the Ministry of Defence. In 2010, the Indian Armed Forces had 1.32 million active personnel. This makes it one of the largest militaries in the world. The Indian Army is becoming more modern by buying and making new weapons. It is also building defenses against missiles of other countries.In 2011, India imported more weapons than any other nation in the world. From its independence in 1947, India fought four wars with Pakistan and a war with China.
For administration purposes, India has been divided into smaller pieces. Most of these pieces are called states, some are called union territories. States and union territories are different in the way they are represented. Most union territories are ruled by administrators sent by the central government. All the states, and the territories of Delhi, and Puducherry electtheir local government themselves. In total, there are twenty-eight states, and nine union territories. States: Union territories:
There are disputes about certain parts of the Indian borders. Countries do not agree on where the borders are. Pakistan and China do not recognise the disputed territory of Jammu and Kashmir. The Indian government claims it as an Indian state.Similarly, the Republic of India does not recognise the Pakistani and Chinese parts of Kashmir. In 1914, British India and Tibet agreed on the McMahon Line, as part of the Simla Accord. In July 1914, China withdrew from the agreement. Indians and Tibetans see this line as the official border. China does not agree, and both mainland China and Taiwan do not recognize that Arunachal Pradesh belongs to India. According to them, it is a part of South Tibet, which belongs to China.
The economy of the country is among the world's fastest growing. It is the 7th largest in the world with a nominal GDP of $2,250 billion (USD), and in terms of PPP, the economy is 3rd largest (worth $8.720 trillion USD).The growth rate is 8.25% for fiscal 2010. However, that is still $3678 (considering PPP) per person per year. India's economy is based mainly on: 1. Service sector: 43% 2. Industries: 41% 3. Information technology: 7% 4. Farming: 7% 5. Outsourcing: 2%. India's economy is diverse. Major industries include automobiles, cement, chemicals, consumer electronics, food processing, machinery, mining, petroleum, pharmaceuticals, steel, transportation equipment, and textiles. However, despite economic growth, India continues to suffer from poverty. 27.5% of the population was living in poverty in 2004–2005. In addition, 80.4% of the population live on less than USD $2 a day,which was lowered to 68% by 2009.
There are 1.21 billion people living in India. India is the second largest country by the number of people living in it, with China being the first. Experts think that by the year 2030, India will be the first. About 65% of Indians live in rural areas, or land set aside for farming. The largest cities in India are Mumbai, Kolkata, Delhi, Chennai, Bangalore, Hyderabad, and Ahmedabad. India has 23 official languages.Altogether, 1,625 languages are spoken in India.
There are many different languages and cultures in India. The only geographical place with more different languages and cultures is the African continent. There are two main language families in India, the Indo-Aryan and the Dravidian languages. About 69% of Indians speak an Indo-Arayan language, about 26% speak a Dravidian language. Other languages spoken in India come from the Austro-Asiatic group. Around 5% of the people speak a Tibeto-Burmanlanguage. Hindi is the official language in India with the largest number of speakers. It is the official language of the union. Native speakers of Hindi represent about 41% of the Indian population (2001 Indian census). English is also used, mostly for business and in the administration. It has the status of a 'subsidiary official language'. The constitution also recognises 21 other languages. Either many people speak those languages, or they have been recognised to be very important for Indian culture. The number of dialectsin India is as h...