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The Jewish Cemetery in Opole was established in 1822, and it is a peculiar pantheon of the Jews of Opole. Geography. Opole is one of the warmest cities in Poland. The national all-time heat record was measured in Prószków, near Opole. The climate is oceanic with sizeable continental influences.
- city county
- 45-001 to 45-960
- 176 m (577 ft)
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Opole, German Oppeln, city, capital of Opolskie województwo (province), southwestern Poland, situated on the Oder River. Opole began as the home of the Slavic Opolanie tribe; the earliest mention of it was in the 9th century. In 1202 it became the capital of the Opole principality, which included the entire Upper Silesia region.
- Zoo Opole. 369 reviews.
- Muzeum Wsi Opolskiej. 97 reviews.
- The Polish Song Museum. 58 reviews.
- Piast Tower. 73 reviews.
- Opole Tourism
Opole is not just the capital of Polish song; it is a city that seamlessly combines culture, education, tourism and business. It is small, yet enchanting, with numerous canals and green spaces adding to its charm. Some of the points of interest are the historic churches and monasteries (fragments from 1280), the tombs of Piast princes and a huge tower that is the only remnant of the castle dismantled by the Germans in 1930. Encircled by fine tenement houses, the magnificent market square is the location of the town hall, which brings to mind the Palazzo Vecchio in Florence. While almost all of Opole is situated on the mainland, on either side of the river Oder, it also includes two islands, Bolko and Pasieka. Lying in the middle of the river Oder, the former is definitely worth a trip as it offers some wonderful walking areas, with playgrounds hidden in the park, a lovely pond and a zoo. The city has numerous hotels and restaurants that offer the specialities of Silesian cuisine tha...
Opole, the capital of the Opolskie voivodship, is a medium sized city of 125,000 and coverings a total area of 96 km2. It is located in the south-western part of Poland, on the river Oder as it crosses the Slaska Plain. As a consequence, the region can be described as typical agricultural lowlands. Its position in the open valley of the river Oder gives Opole a mild climate characterised by low temperature variations and a small amount of rainfall. The average annual temperature is 8° Centigrade, and the winters are very short and mild while the summers are long with warm days. These climatic conditions encourage outdoor sports and recreational activities.
Leaving legend aside, the name Opole originates from the old Polish word “opole”, meaning an ancestral territorial community. Another explanation of the origin of the city’s name is that it comes from the simple word “pole” (field in English): as the legend goes, there once lived a tribal lord who had lost his way while hunting in the thick woods, and when he eventually came across a settlement, he cried “O! Pole!”. Following that, he decided to start a city there. With a known history dating back to the 9th century, Opole is one of the oldest towns in Poland. A “Bavarian geographer” was the first to describe the town of the Opolanie (one of the Slavonic tribes), situated on the river Oder. However, the origins of Opole as a town are connected with the signing of a document giving it the rights of a town in 1217 by Kazimierz I, grandson of the Polish king, Boleslaw Krzywousty. In this way Opole came to be the capital of the Opole-Raciborz Principality. In 1283, Kazimierz I ordered a...
Dec 03, 2017 · Opole is the capital of a Polish province of the same name, and houses around 130,000 people. The city is still under the tourism radar even though it is nicely located almost exactly halfway between Wrocław and Kraków. The city is also a significant centre for Poland’s remaining German minority.
- Tenczyn Castle. There certainly is no shortage of amazing castles that you can visit in Poland. Although not all of them are in the best condition, especially after the destruction and loitering that took place during WW2, they sure have plenty of stories to tell.
- Opole Old Town. Opole is the main city in the Opole province and a lovely place to stay while exploring the surrounding area. This small town is quite the popular summer vacation spot for locals and the city even hosts a yearly Polish rock festival that attracts visitors from all over Poland.
- Holy Trinity Church. The Holy Trinity Church is a beautiful church near Opole’s city center that was built in the 13-14 centuries with its foundation dating back as far as the 12 century.
- Bolko Island. The green space and parks that surround Opole make this city very special and welcoming. Take a walk to Bolko Island, a part of the city that is completely surrounded by a river.
In 1742, as part of Upper Silesia (Schlesien), Opole was annexed by the Kingdom of Prussia.In 1871 it became part of the German Empire.After the Second World War it became part of the Republic of Poland, in 1945.
- Historical Geography
- Civil Registration and Church Records
- Finding Aids
- Online Databases
- Microfilms and Digitized Records: The FamilySearch Catalog
- Writing For Records
- Reading The Records
- Search Strategy
Almost all of the research you do will be in civil registration (government birth, marriage, and death records) and church records (baptism, confirmation, marriage, and burial records). To understand these records better study the articles: Poland Church Records and Poland Civil Registration. 1. 1. You will find birth, marriage, and death records: 1.1. 1.1.1. in onlinedatabases 1.1.2. in microfilmed records of the FamilySearchcollections 1.1.3. by writingto request searches 1.1.1. 18.104.22.168. 22.214.171.124.1. from State archiveswhere records have been deposited 126.96.36.199.2. from church archiveswhere records have been deposited 188.8.131.52.3. from local civil registration offices 184.108.40.206.4. from local parish churches 2. 2. To find information on town of origin for U.S. immigrants from Poland, use the Wiki article Poland Locating Town of Origin. 3. 3. You will need to determine the both the Polish and German name of the town your Polish ancestors lived in. 3.1. 3.1.1. If the town was in the area of...
Poland finding aids have been created by a variety of state, church, society, and private organizations. Their goal is to inform what records exist and the repositories that hold them. Each finding aid has a different focus--a particular religion or geographical area or archive or collection. Be sure to search all that apply to your ancestors. Remember that churches often produced civil registration records. The church records might have been destroyed, but copies had been sent to the government and still exist. So we search for both church records and civil registration records. 1. The PRADZIAD DatabaseA database that comprises information on parish and civil registration registers preserved in all branches of the Polish State Archives and some Roman Catholic diocesan and archdiocesan archives. Gives location of specific records and address of archives. 2. Szukaj w Archiwach Search page for church records and civil registration at the National Archives. Links directly to scans. 3....Szukaj w Archiwach; Tutorial- The Polish Archives1700-2005 - Poland, Evangelical Church Books, 1700-2005,images, no index.Many church records have been microfilmed and can be viewed at the main Family History Library in Salt Lake City, Utah. Eventually, microfilmed records will all be digitized and available online. T...The FamilySearch Catalog is organized by the voivodeships as they existed in 1967. There are maps on the Poland Genealogy main page comparing those jurisdictions with the modern jurisdictions. Beca...Use the gazetteer, Kartenmeister - German/Polish Place Name Conversionto find the name of your town in both languages.
Poland Letter Writing Guide
This letter writing guide will enable you to write in the Polish language to parish churches and church and government archives: Poland Letter Writing Guide. Generally, the people you wrie to will appreciate your effort to use Polish and cooperate more readily.
Civil Registration Office Address
Write to the local civil registration office for records after 1900. Records prior to 1900 will probably be in the state archives. Records in the last 100 years will have some privacy restrictions where you will have to prove your relationship and/or the death of the person the certificate reports.
State Archives Addresses
1. PRADZIADThis website can be searched by location (town or parish). It will then tell you which archives hold what records for the location. On the entry for the records you want, click on "More" at the far right, and it will give you the contact information for the archive.
The language of the records depends on the controlling government. The parts of Poland which belonged to Prussia (Germany) used German until they were ceded back to Poland (after World War I or II). Then the records are in Polish. 1. Polish Genealogical Word List 2. German Genealogical Word List
Word-by-Word Reading Aids
1. German Civil Registration 2. Reading Polish Birth Records - Instruction, Activity, Answer Key 3. Reading Polish Marriage Records - Instruction, Activity, Answer Key 4. Reading Polish Death Records - Instruction, Activity, Answer Key 5. Polish Civil Registration Reading Aid
1. Reading Polish Birth Records - Instruction, Activity, Answer Key 2. Reading Polish Marriage Records - Instruction, Activity, Answer Key 3. Reading Polish Death Records - Instruction, Activity, Answer Key 4. Reading German civil birth records - Instruction, Activity, Answer Key 5. Reading German civil marriage records - Instruction, Activity, Answer Key 6. Reading German civil death records - Instruction, Activity, Answer Key
For records before 1874, you will use just church records. For records from 1 October 1874 on, civil registration records will be your main source, supplemented by church records, if possible. 1. Search for the relative or ancestor you selected. When you find his birth record, search for the births of his brothers and sisters. 2. Next, search for the marriage of his parents.The marriage record will have information that will often help you find the birth records of the parents. 3. You can estimate the agesof the parents and determine a birth year to search for their birth records. 4. Search the death registers for all known family members. 5. Repeat this process for both the father and the mother, starting with their birth records, then their siblings' births, then their parents' marriages, and so on. 6. If earlier generations (parents, grandparents, etc.) do not appear in the records, search neighboring parishes.
Postal codes for Opole, Poland. Use our interactive map, address lookup, or code list to find the correct zip code for your postal mails destination.
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