Pan-Islamism. Pan-Islamism ( Arabic: الوحدة الإسلامية ) is a political ideology advocating the unity of Muslims under one Islamic country or state – often a caliphate – or an international organization with Islamic principles. Pan-Islamism differentiates itself from pan-nationalistic ideologies, for example Pan-Arabism, by ...
Pan-Islamism is an internationalist and anti-nationalist political movement advocating the unity of Muslims under one Islamic state or a Caliphate.While Pan-Arabism advocates the unity and independence of Arabs regardless of religion, pan-Islamism advocates the unity and independence of Muslims regardless of ethnicity.
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The article does not start by claiming that "Pan-Islamism means the same as the caliphate" it says "Pan-Islamism is a political movement advocating the unity of Muslims under one Islamic state or a Caliphate". The founders of Pan-Islamism and it's advocates wanted Muslim unity under a caliphate.
Olivier Roy argues that "Sunni pan-Islamism underwent a remarkable shift in the second half of the 20th century" when the Muslim Brotherhood movement and its focus on Islamisation of pan-Arabism was eclipsed by the Salafi movement with its emphasis on "sharia rather than the building of Islamic institutions," and rejection of Shia Islam.
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The Arabic term Ummah, which is found in the Quran and Islamic tradition, has historically been used to denote the Muslims as a whole, regardless of race, ethnicity, etc. This term has been used in a political sense by classical Islamic scholars e.g. such as al-Mawardi in Ahkam al-Sultaniyyah, where he discusses the contract of Imamate of the Ummah, "prescribed to succeed Prophethood" in protection of the religion and of managing the affairs of the world. Al-Ghazali also talks about Ummah in a political sensee.g. in his work, "Fadiah al-Batinyah wa Fadail al-Mustazhariyah". Fakhruddin al-Razi, who also talks about Ummah in a political sense, is quoted as saying the following: According to some scholars[who?], the ideology's aims takes early years of Islam – the reign of Muhammad and the early caliphate – especially during Islamic golden age as its model, as it is commonly held that during these years the Muslim worldwas strong,...Azmi Özcan. Pan-Islamism: Indian Muslims, the Ottomans and Britain (1877-1924), Brill Academic Publishers, 1997, ISBN 90-04-10180-2.Nazir Ahmad Khan Chaudri. Commonwealth of Muslim States: a plea for Pan-Islamism, al-Ahibba (Friends of the Muslim World Muhibban-e-Alam-e-Islami), 1972.M. Naeem Qureshi. Pan-Islam in British Indian Politics: A Study of the Khilafat Movement, 1918-1924, Brill Academic Publishers, 1999, ISBN 90-04-10214-0.Malik, S. K. (1986). The Quranic Concept of War (PDF). Himalayan Books. ISBN 81-7002-020-4.
Daripada Wikipedia, ensiklopedia bebas. Pan-Islamism ( Bahasa Arab: الوحدة الإسلامية ) ialah ideologi politik yang menyokong perpaduan orang Islam di bawah satu negara Islam atau negeri – selalunya khilafah – atau pertubuhan antarabangsa dengan prinsip-prinsip Islam. Sebagai bentuk internasionalisme dan antinasionalisme ...
Pan-Islamisme. Pan-Islamisme ( Arabies: الوحدة الإسلامية) is ’n politieke ideologie wat die eenheid van Moslems in een Islamitiese land of staat – dikwels ’n kalifaat – of onder ’n internasionale organisasie met Islamitiese beginsels voorstaan. Dit verskil van ander pan-nasionalistiese ideologieë, soos Pan-Arabisme ...
Pan-Islamism: Indian Muslims, the Ottomans and Britain (1877-1924), Brill Academic Publishers, 1997, ISBN 90-04-10632-4 ISBN 978-90-04-10632-1 Nazir Ahmad Khan Chaudri, Commonwealth of Muslim States: a plea for Pan-Islamism , al-Ahibba (Friends of the Muslim World Muhibban-e-Alam-e-Islami), 1972.
Ottoman pan-Islamism. In the late 19th century, Ottoman sultan Abdul Hamid II launched his pan-Islamist program in a bid to protect the Ottoman Empire from Western attack and dismemberment, and to crush the democratic opposition at home.
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