The Phoenician alphabet is a direct continuation of the "Proto-Canaanite" script of the Bronze Age collapse period.  The inscriptions found on arrowheads at al-Khader near Bethlehem and dated to c.1100 BCE offered the epigraphists the "missing link" between the two.
The Phoenician alphabet was an alphabetic script that was used in the territories of modern-day Lebanon, Syria and Palestine from about the 12th century to the 5th century BC. It was written right to left. Only consonant sounds are written down, some versions have "helpers" for certain vowels .
Phoenician ( / fəˈniːʃən / fə-NEE-shən) is an extinct Canaanite Semitic language originally spoken in the region surrounding the cities of Tyre and Sidon. Extensive Tyro-Sidonian trade and commercial dominance led to Phoenician becoming a lingua franca of the maritime Mediterranean during the Iron Age.
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Jun 29, 2018 · Phoenician alphabet. From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository. Jump to navigation Jump to search. Phoenician alphabet and its relationship to four other languages. Letter. Name. Meaning. Transliteration. Corresponding letter in.
- Table of Letters
- Letter Names
- Derived Alphabets
- See Also
- External Links
The earliest known alphabetic (or "proto-alphabetic") inscriptions are the so-called Proto-Sinaitic (or Proto-Canaanite) script sporadically attested in the Sinai and in Canaan in the late Middle and Late Bronze Age. The script was not widely used until the rise of Syro-Hittite statesin the 13th and 12th centuries BC. The Phoenician alphabet is a direct continuation of the "Proto-Canaanite" script of the Bronze Age collapse period. The inscriptions found on arrowheads at al-K...
Spread and adaptations
Beginning in the 9th century BC, adaptations of the Phoenician alphabet thrived, including Greek, Old Italic and Anatolian scripts. The alphabet's attractive innovation was its phonetic nature, in which one sound was represented by one symbol, which meant only a few dozen symbols to learn. The other scripts of the time, cuneiform and Egyptian hieroglyphs, employed many complex characters and required long professional training to achieve proficiency;which had restricted literacy to a small el...
The conventional date of 1050 BC for the emergence of the Phoenician script was chosen because there is a gap in the epigraphic record; there are not actually any Phoenician inscriptions securely dated to the 11th century.The oldest inscriptions are dated to the 10th century. 1. KAI 1: Ahiram sarcophagus, Byblos, c. 850 BC. 2. KAI 14: Eshmunazar II sarcophagus, 5th century BC. 3. KAI 15-16: Bodashtart inscriptions, 4th century BC. 4. KAI 24: Kilamuwa Stela, 9th century BC. 5. KAI 46: Nora Sto...
The chart shows the graphical evolution of Phoenician letter forms into other alphabets. The sound values also changed significantly, both at the initial creation of new alphabets and from gradual pronunciation changes which did not immediately lead to spelling changes.The Phoenician letter forms shown are idealized: actual Phoenician writing is le...
Phoenician used a system of acrophony to name letters: a word was chosen with each initial consonant sound, and became the name of the letter for that sound. These names were not arbitrary: each Phoenician letter was based on an Egyptian hieroglyph representing an Egyptian word; this word was translated into Phoenician (or a closely related Semitic...
The Phoenician numeral system consisted of separate symbols for 1, 10, 20, and 100. The sign for 1 was a simple vertical stroke (𐤖). Other numerals up to 9 were formed by adding the appropriate number of such strokes, arranged in groups of three. The symbol for 10 was a horizontal line or tack (𐤗). The sign for 20 (𐤘) could come in different gl...
The Paleo-Hebrew alphabet is a regional variant of the Phoenician alphabet, so called when used to write early Hebrew. The Samaritan alphabet is a development of Paleo-Hebrew, emerging in the 6th century BC. The South Arabian script may be derived from a stage of the Proto-Sinaitic script predating the mature development of the Phoenician alphabet ...
The Phoenician alphabet was added to the Unicode Standard in July 2006 with the release of version 5.0. An alternative proposal to handle it as a font variation of Hebrew was turned down. (See PDFsummary.) The Unicode block for Phoenician is U+10900–U+1091F. It is intended for the representation of text in Paleo-Hebrew, Archaic Phoenician, Phoenici...Jean-Pierre Thiollet,Je m'appelle Byblos, H & D, Paris, 2005. ISBN 2-914266-04-9Maria Eugenia Aubet, The Phoenicians and the WestSecond Edition, Cambridge University Press, London, 2001.Daniels, Peter T., et al. eds. The World's Writing SystemsOxford. (1996).Jensen, Hans, Sign, Symbol, and Script, G.P. Putman's Sons, New York, 1969.
- 29 code points
- U+10900..U+1091F, (32 code points)
Jul 14, 2018 · Category:Phoenician alphabet From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository Subcategories This category has the following 5 subcategories, out of 5 total. Phoenician letters (23 C, 11 F) B Bet (letter) (2 C, 8 F) I Illustrirte Geschichte der Schrift (Faulmann), Phoenician alphabet (2 F) P Paleo-Hebrew alphabet (9 C, 80 F)