Robert Arthur Talbot Gascoyne-Cecil, 3rd Marquess of Salisbury, KG, GCVO, PC, FRS, DL ( / ˈɡæskɔɪn ˈsɪsəl /; 3 February 1830 – 22 August 1903) was a British statesman. He was styled Lord Robert Cecil before the death of his elder brother in 1865, Viscount Cranborne from June 1865 until his father died in April 1868, and then the Marquess of Salisbury.
Robert Arthur Talbot Gascoyne-Cecil, 3rd Marquess of Salisbury KG GCVO PC FRS (3 February 1830 - 22 August 1903) was a Prime Minister of the United Kingdom. He was known as Lord Robert Cecil before 1865 and as Viscount Cranborne from 1865 until 1868. Salisbury served as Prime Minister three times for a total of over thirteen years.
Robert Gascoyne-Cecil, 3rd Marquess of Salisbury The seventh Earl was a politician and served as Lord Chamberlain of the Household for many years. In 1789, he was created Marquess of Salisbury in the Peerage of Great Britain. He was succeeded by his eldest son, the second marquess.
Robert Arthur Talbot Gascoyne-Cecil, 3rd Marquess o Salisbury, KG, GCVO, PC, FRS (3 Februar 1830 – 22 August 1903), styled Laird Robert Cecil afore 1865 an Viscoont Cranborne frae Juin 1865 till Aprile 1868, wis a Breetish Conservative statesman, servin as Prime Meenister three times for a tot o ower 13 year.
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- Early life
- Political career
- Other interests
- Marriage and children
Robert Michael James Gascoyne-Cecil, 7th Marquess of Salisbury, Baron Gascoyne-Cecil, KG, KCVO, PC, DL, is a British Conservative politician. From 1979 to 1987, he served in the House of Commons as the Member of Parliament for South Dorset, and during the 1990s, he was Leader of the House of Lords under his courtesy title of Viscount Cranborne. Lord Salisbury lives in one of England's largest historic houses, Hatfield House, which was built by Robert Cecil, 1st Earl of Salisbury, in the early 17
Robert Michael James Gascoyne-Cecil was born on 30 September 1946, the eldest child and first-born son of Robert Gascoyne-Cecil, 6th Marquess of Salisbury. His younger brother was the journalist Lord Richard Cecil, who was killed covering the conflict in Rhodesia in 1978. Lord Cranborne attended Eton College and Christ Church, Oxford, and became a merchant banker before going to work on the family estates.
Lord Cranborne was selected, unexpectedly, as the Conservative Party candidate for South Dorset in 1976, where his family owned land, despite there being on the shortlist several former members of parliament who had lost their seats in the two 1974 elections. At the 1978 Conserva
After the 1992 general election, John Major used a writ of acceleration to call Lord Cranborne up to the House of Lords in one of his father's junior titles. Thus, Lord Cranborne was summoned to Parliament as Baron Cecil, of Essendon in the County of Rutland, although he continue
He is a Deputy Lieutenant of Hertfordshire, and the current President of the Friends of the British Library and of the Friends of Friendless Churches. Lord Salisbury is the Chairman of the Constitution Reform Group, a cross-party pressure group which seeks a new constitutional settlement in the UK by way of a new Act of Union. The group introduced the Act of Union Bill 2017-19 as a Private Member's Bill by Lord Lisvane in the House of Lords on 9 October 2018, when it received a formal first read
In 1970, aged 23, he married Hannah Stirling, niece of Colonel Sir David Stirling and a descendant of the Lords Lovat, Scottish Catholic aristocrats. The marriage was initially opposed by his family, chiefly because Stirling was a Roman Catholic. During the 1970s, Lord and Lady Cranborne had two sons and three daughters; the two elder daughters are now married. Until recently, they lived at Cranborne Manor, Dorset. The family seat is Hatfield House, once home to Queen Elizabeth I of England, whi
- Military career
- Political career
- Marriage and children
- Media portrayal
Robert Arthur James Gascoyne-Cecil, 5th Marquess of Salisbury, KG, PC, DL, FRS, known as Viscount Cranborne from 1903 to 1947, was a British Conservative politician.
Nicknamed "Bobbety", Salisbury was the eldest son of James Gascoyne-Cecil, 4th Marquess of Salisbury, by his wife Lady Cicely Gore, daughter of the 5th Earl of Arran, and the grandson of the 3rd Marquess of Salisbury, Prime Minister 1895–1902. He was educated at Eton and Christ Church, Oxford, receiving an honorary Doctorate of Civil Laws in 1951.
Salisbury served in the Army during the First World War. He was commissioned as a lieutenant into the Grenadier Guards from 1915 throughout the war until its end. He was awarded the Croix de Guerre and Chevalier Order of the Crown of Belgium. When the war ended, he went to work at Westminster Bank. In 1928, he was appointed a director and to the Royal Commission on Historical Manuscripts; he was promoted to chairman of the commission in 1957.
Salisbury, as Viscount Cranborne, was elected as a Conservative to the House of Commons as MP for South Dorset in 1929. As Parliamentary Secretary to the Lord Privy Seal in 1934 in Ramsay MacDonald's National Government, he was promoted serving as Joint Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs from 1935 to 1938. He was made Paymaster-General by Winston Churchill in May 1940 for the duration of the Battle of Britain but was appointed Secretary of State for Dominion Affairs from
Lord Salisbury married Elizabeth Vere Cavendish, daughter of Lord Richard Cavendish and his wife Lady Moyra de Vere Beauclerk, on 8 December 1915. They had three sons, two of whom predeceased their parents: 1. Robert Edward Peter Gascoyne-Cecil, 6th Marquess of Salisbury 2. Michael Charles James Gascoyne-Cecil 3. Richard Hugh Vere Gascoyne-Cecil, a Sergeant Pilot in the RAF who died in the Second World War. Lord Salisbury died in February 1972, at 78, and was succeeded by his eldest and only sur
He is portrayed by Clive Francis in the Netflix series The Crown.
- Early life and family
- Secretary of State
- Lord Treasurer
- Houses and the arts
Robert Cecil, 1st Earl of Salisbury, KG, PC was an English statesman noted for his direction of the government during the Union of the Crowns, as Tudor England gave way to Stuart rule. Salisbury served as the Secretary of State of England and Lord High Treasurer, succeeding his father as Queen Elizabeth I's Lord Privy Seal and remaining in power during the first nine years of King James I's reign until his own death. The principal discoverer of the Gunpowder Plot of 1605, Robert Cecil remains a
Cecil was the younger son of William Cecil, 1st Baron Burghley by his second wife, Mildred Cooke, eldest daughter of Sir Anthony Cooke of Gidea, Essex. His elder half-brother was Thomas Cecil, 1st Earl of Exeter, and philosopher Francis Bacon was his first cousin. Robert Cecil was 5 ft 4 in tall, had scoliosis, and was hunchbacked. Living in an age which attached much importance to physical beauty in both sexes, he endured much ridicule as a result: Queen Elizabeth called him "my pygmy", and Kin
In 1584, Cecil sat for the first time in the House of Commons, representing his birthplace, the borough of Westminster, and was re-elected in 1586. He was a backbencher, never making a speech until 1593, after having been appointed a Privy Councillor. In 1588 he accompanied Lord
Sir Robert Cecil now promoted James as successor to Elizabeth. Around 1600, he began a secret correspondence with James in Scotland, to persuade James that he favoured his claims to the English throne. An understanding was now effected by which Cecil was able to assure James of h
As Lord Treasurer Salisbury showed considerable financial ability. During the year preceding his acceptance of that office in 1608 the expenditure had risen to £500,000, leaving a yearly deficit of £73,000. Lord Salisbury took advantage of the decision by the judges in the Court of Exchequer in Bates's Case in favour of the king's right to levy impositions, and imposed new duties on articles of luxury and those of foreign manufacture which competed with English goods. By this measure, and ...
In July 1593 a Scottish suitor for Cecil's favour, William Dundas of Fingask wrote to him from Edinburgh. Dundas had heard Cecil was completing a gallery in one of his houses and would like paintings with "such toys" or emblems as he had seen himself in Scotland. In 1606, Cecil entertained King James I and his brother-in-law, King Christian IV of Denmark, at his Hertfordshire house, Theobalds, under the sardonic eye of Queen Elizabeth's godson, Sir John Harrington. Both monarchs were notoriously
In poor health and worn out by years of overwork, Robert Cecil, in the spring of 1612, went on a journey to take the waters at Bath in hope of a cure; but he obtained little relief. He started on the journey home but died of cancer, "in great pain and even greater wretchedness of mind", at Marlborough, Wiltshire, on 24 May 1612. He was buried in Hatfield Parish Church in a tomb designed by Maximilian Colt.
Earl of Salisbury is a title that has been created several times in English and British history. It has a complex history, and is now a subsidiary title to the marquessate of Salisbury. Earldom of Salisbury subsidiary of Marquessate of Salisbury since 1789 Arms of Cecil-Gascogne, Marquess and Earl of Salisbury: Quarterly, 1st and 4th, Barry of ten Argent and Azure over all six Escutcheons Sable three two and one each charged with a Lion rampant of the First a Crescent for difference; 2nd and 3rd