- Roman Catholicism (often simply Catholicism) is a branch of Christianity founded on Earth in the 1st century, C.E. It is distinct from the other main branches of the Christian faith, Protestantism and Orthodox. The Roman Catholic Church is headquartered in Vatican City, an independent polity in Rome, European Alliance.
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The Catholic Church, sometimes referred to as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with approximately 1.3 billion baptised Catholics worldwide as of 2018. As the world's oldest and largest continuously functioning international institution,  it has played a prominent role in the history and development of Western civilization . 
The Catholic Church teaches that the coming of the Holy Spirit upon the apostles, in an event known as Pentecost, signaled the beginning of the public ministry of the Church. Catholics hold that Saint Peter was Rome's first bishop and the consecrator of Linus as its next bishop, thus starting the unbroken line which includes the current pontiff ...
The Catholic Church is the largest Christian church in the world. Over one billion people are members of the Catholic Church. It is the world's largest religious group. It is part of the same Church started by Jesus Christ and his former protégé 2,000 years ago. The headquarters of the Catholic Church is in the Vatican City. The word "catholic" comes from the Greek word "katholicos", which means "universal." It was first used in the Nicene Creed. Often, the word "Roman" is added because ...
The Catholic Church is "the Catholic Communion of Churches, both Roman and Eastern, or Oriental, that are in full communion with the Bishop of Rome." The church is also known by members as the People of God, the Body of Christ, the "Temple of the Holy Spirit", among other names.
From the 17th century, "Roman Catholic Church" has been used as a synonym for the Catholic Church by some Anglicans and other Protestants in English-speaking countries. Formulations such as the "Holy Roman Church" or the "Roman Catholic Church" have occurred by officials of the Catholic Church before and after the Reformation.
The Romanian Church United with Rome, Greek-Catholic is a related sui iuris Catholic Church which uses the Byzantine Rite. It has separate jurisdiction, five eparchies, and one archeparchy headed by a major archbishop (thus the church has its own synod ), and has historically been strongest in Transylvania.
Blessed Sacrament is a devotional term used in the Roman Catholic Church to refer to the Eucharistic species (the Body and Blood of Christ). Consecrated hosts are kept in a tabernacle after Mass, so that the Blessed Sacrament can be brought to the sick and dying outside the time of Mass. This makes possible also the practice of eucharistic adoration. Because Christ himself is present in the sacrament of the altar, he is to be honored with the worship of adoration.
Catholic Church sexual abuse cases are cases of child sexual abuse by Catholic priests, nuns and members of religious orders.In the 20th and 21st centuries, the cases have involved many allegations, investigations, trials, convictions, and revelations about decades of attempts by Church officials to cover up reported incidents.
Catholicism is the traditions and beliefs of Catholic Churches. It refers to their theology, liturgy, morals and spirituality. The term usually refers to churches, both western and eastern, that are in full communion with the Holy See. In 2012, there were more than 1.1 billion Catholics worldwide.
Doctor of the Church (Latin doctor "teacher"), also referred to as Doctor of the Universal Church (Latin: Doctoris Ecclesiae Universalis), is a title given by the Catholic Church to saints recognized as having made a significant contribution to theology or doctrine through their research, study, or writing.