Roman Empire • 27 BC – 14 AD Augustus (first) • 98–117 Trajan • 270–275 Aurelian • 284–305 Diocletian • 306–337 Constantine I • 475–476 Romulus Augustus • 527–565 Justinian I • 610–641 Heraclius • 976–1025 Basil II • 1449–1453
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The site of the founding of the Roman Kingdom (and eventual Republic and Empire) had a ford where one could cross the river Tiber. The Palatine Hill and hills surrounding it provided easily defensible positions in the wide fertile plain surrounding them. Each of these features contributed to the success of the city.The traditional version of Roman history, which has come down to us principally through Livy (64 or 59 BC – AD 12 or 17), Plutarch (46 – 120), and Diony...
The kings, excluding Romulus, who according to legend held office by virtue of being the city's founder, were all elected by the people of Rome to serve for life, with none of the kings relying on military force to gain or keep the throne.The insignia of the kings of Rome were twelve lictors wielding the fasces bearing axes, the right to sit upon a Curule chair, the purple Toga Picta, red shoes, and a white diadem around the head. Of all these insignia, the most import...
The legendary Romulus was Rome's first king and the city's founder. After he and his twin brother Remus had deposed King Amulius of Alba and reinstated the king's brother and their grandfather Numitor to the throne, they decided to build a city in the area where they had been abandoned as infants. After Remus was killed in a dispute, Romulus began building the city on the Palatine Hill. His work began with fortifications. He permitted men of all classes to come to Rome...
To replace the leadership of the kings, a new office was created with the title of consul. Initially, the consuls possessed all of the king’s powers in the form of two men, elected for a one-year term, who could veto each other's actions. Later, the consuls’ powers were broken down further by adding other magistrates that each held a small portion of the king’s original powers. First among these was the praetor, which removed the consuls’ judicial authority from th...
1. Frank, Tenney: An Economic History of Rome. 1920. 2. Patria Potestas: a view of suppressed matrilineality in the early legends of Rome 3. The Kings of Rome 4. Nova Roma - Educational Organization about \\"All Things Roman\\" 5. History of Rome podcasts History of Rome podcasts
The Mauro-Roman Kingdom was an independent Christian Berber kingdom centered on the city of Altava which controlled much of the ancient Roman province of Mauretania Caesariensis, located in present-day northern Algeria. The kingdom was first formed in the fifth century as Roman control over the province weakened and Imperial resources had to be concentrated elsewhere, notably in defending the Italian Peninsula itself from invading Germanic tribes. The rulers of the Mauro-Roman Kingdom would repe
Mauretania and western Numidia, previously a Roman client kingdom, were fully annexed by the Roman Empire in 40 AD and divided into two provinces under Emperor Claudius; Mauretania Tingitana and Mauretania Caesariensis, with the separating border designated as Moulouya River. Nor
The fifth century would see the collapse and fall of the Western Roman Empire. The inland territories of Mauretania had already been under Berber control since the fourth century, with direct Roman rule confined to coastal cities such as Septem in Mauretania Tingitania and Caesar
One of the Berber rulers of Mauretania, Masuna, titled himself as Rex gentium Maurorum et Romanorum, the "King of the Roman and Moorish peoples". Masuna is known only from an inscription on a fortification in Altava, dated 508 AD. He is known to have possessed Altava, assumed to
Altava remained the capital of a romanized Berber kingdom, though the Kingdom of Altava was significantly smaller in size than the Kingdom of Masuna and Garmul had been. In the late fifth and early sixth century, Christianity grew to be the fully dominant religion in the Berber Altava kingdom, with syncretic influences from the traditional Berber religion. A new church was built in the capital Altava in this period. Altava and the other successor kingdoms of the Mauro-Roman Kingdom, the Kingdoms
The Constitution of the Roman Kingdom was an unwritten set of guidelines and principles originating mainly through precedent. During the years of the Roman Kingdom , the constitutional arrangement was centered on the king , who had the power to appoint assistants, and delegate to them their specific powers.
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The Senate of the Roman Kingdom was a political institution in the ancient Roman Kingdom.The word senate derives from the Latin word senex, which means "old man".Therefore, senate literally means "board of old men" and translates as "Council of Elders".
The Roman Kingdom, also referred to as the Roman monarchy, or the regal period of ancient Rome, was the earliest period of Roman history, when the city and its territory were ruled by kings.
The Kingdom of Italy (Latin: Regnum Italiae or Regnum Italicum, Italian: Regno d'Italia, German: Königreich Italien), also called Imperial Italy (German: Reichsitalien), was one of the constituent kingdoms of the Holy Roman Empire, along with the kingdoms of Germany, Bohemia, and Burgundy.
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