Romanian (dated spellings: Rumanian or Roumanian; autonym: limba română [ˈlimba roˈmɨnə] (), "the Romanian language", or românește, lit. "in Romanian") is a Balkan Romance language spoken by approximately 24–26 million people as a native language, primarily in Romania and Moldova, and by another 4 million people as a second language.
While Romanian is the only official language at the national and local level, there are 14 other living languages in Romania. The Romanian laws include linguistic rights for all minority groups that form over 20% of a locality's population based on the census from 1992.
The Romanian language is a Romance language, meaning it comes from Latin like French, Spanish and Italian. It has 66% Latin-based words and 20% Slavic-based words. The rest are newer and come from Dacian, Turkish, Greek, or English.
Common Romanian (româna comună), also known as Ancient Romanian (străromâna), Balkan Latin or (inaccurately) as Proto-Romanian, is a hypothetical and unattested Romance language evolved from Vulgar Latin and considered to have been spoken by the ancestors of today's Romanians and related Balkan Latin peoples before c. 900 (7th–11th century AD).
The Romanian Wikipedia (abr. ro.wiki or ro.wp; Romanian: Wikipedia în limba română) is the Romanian language edition of Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.Started on 12 July 2003, as of 30 September 2020 this edition has about 412,301 articles and is the 25th largest Wikipedia edition.
Romanians (Romanian: români pronounced or—historically, but now a seldom-used regionalism—rumâni; dated exonym: Vlachs) are a Romance ethnic group and nation native to Romania, that share a common Romanian culture, ancestry, and speak the Romanian language, the most widespread spoken Balkan Romance language, which is descended from the Latin language.
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The Aromanian language has some exceptions from the Romance languages, some of which are shared with Romanian: the definite article is a clitic particle appended at the end of the word, both the definite and indefinite articles can be inflected, and nouns are classified in three genders, with neuter in addition to masculine and feminine.
Romania (/ r oʊ ˈ m eɪ n i ə / ro-MAY-nee-ə; Romanian: România [r o m ɨ ˈ n i. a] ()) is a country located at the crossroads of Central, Eastern, and Southeastern Europe.It shares land borders with Bulgaria to the south, Ukraine to the north, Hungary to the west, Serbia to the southwest, and Moldova to the east and has its opening to the Black Sea.
born on Romanian territory, even if only one of the parents is a Romanian citizen; born abroad with at least one parent holding Romanian citizenship. Romanian citizenship can be acquired after four years of residency in the country while demonstrating a working knowledge of the Romanian language and knowledge of Romanian culture.
C: foreign language - oral and written examination; graded on the CEFR scale, from A1 to B2. D: computer skills. Written exams. Each exam takes three hours. E)a): Romanian Language and Literature. E)b): Maternal Language and Literature - if different from Romanian, and if studied. E)c): compulsory subject (of the profile).